-an integrated whole with a basic psychophysiologigal needs (maslow)
-a spiritual being created in the image of G*d
Wellness- Illness Contimuum that states that health is a dynamic state ranging from wellness to illness.
...anywhere that a nurse provides care.
the dx and tx of human responses to actual or potential health problems.
The nursing process is the way that we deliver nursing care.
I-mplementation and intervention
Maslows Hierarchy says....
some needs are more basic than others
physiological needs must be met first and have the highest priority
5 Components of Maslows theory are... (from basic needs up)
Safety & Security Needs
Love & Belonging Needs
9 Physiological Needs are
Avoidance of pain
2 Safety & Security Needs are...
5 Love & Belonging needs are...
Giving & Receiving Affection
Attaining a place in a group
Maintaining the feeling of belonging
*might not initially be important but will become important as the immediate problems are controlled
Self-Esteem Needs include...
feelings of independence, competence and self-respect
esteem for others- recognition, respect and appreciation
*inability to do most basic needs will hinder a pts self-esteem but if you allow pts choices it will help raise their self esteem
reaching your full potential
the innate need to develop to ones maximum potential and to realize ones ability and quality
CCM's "PERSON" Needs are a physiological needs in a nutshell. It stands for:
R-est and activity
What are the 4 groups that require assistance in meeting their basic physiological needs?
the very old
the very young
physically disabled/chronically ill
The nursing process is...
...the way that we deliver nursing care. It is an organized, cyclic, dynamic process which the pt is centered. It is interpersonal and collaborative.
I-mplementation and intervention
Basic Human Needs model is comprised of...
elements that are necessary for human survival and health such as food, water, safety and love. Basic human needs are shared by all people and the extent to which basic needs are met is a major factor in determining a persons overall level of health.
Psychosocial needs involve...
psychosocial developmental tasks
Elimination needs involve...
ridding the body of waste products of metabolism such as
1. lungs rid body of CO2
2. skin rids body of excess H2O and Na
3. kidneys rid body of fluid, electrolytes, H ions and acids
4. intestines rid body of solid waste and water
Rest and activity needs involve...
Safe environment needs involve...
safe environment is one in which basic needs are achievable by
1.reducing physical hazards
2. transmission of pathogens are reduced
3. controlling pollution and sanitation
4. maintaining skin integrity
Oxygen needs involve...
cardiac and respiratory systems. O2 is required to sustain life.
blood is oxygenated through mechanisms of ventilation, diffusion and perfusion.
Nutrition needs involve...
fuel for metabolism to function, repair and grow
American Nursing Association defines nursing as...
protection, promotion and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the dx and tx of the human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities and populations
A-D-P-I-E = Assessment
the collecting, organizing, validating and recording of data about a pts health status
purpose is to establish a database abt the pts responses to health concerns or illness and the ability to manage health care needs
it involves critical thinking skills to make reliable observations, distinguish important vs unimportant and relevant vs irrelevant date
A-D-P-I-E = Diagnosis
analyzing and interpreting data by identifying pt problems, formulating nursing diagnoses and documenting nurses diagnoses
purpose is to identify the pts strength and health problems that can be prevented or resolved by collaborative and independent nursing actions
diagnosing requires the ability to interpret and analyze data to compare it to standards, cluster it into groups and identify gaps and inconsistencies; determine a pts strengths, risks and problems; and form a nursing dx
A-D-P-I-E = Planning
to determine how to prevent, reduce or resolve the identified pt problems; to establish pt centered goals and expected outcomes; to establish priorities and to select the appropriate interventions
purpose id to develop an individualized care plan that specifies pt goals and expected outcomes and related interventions
planning involves the ability to set priorities, goals and outcomes in collaboration with the pt; write goals/ outcome criteria; select appropriate nursing strategies and interactions; consult with other professionals and write and communicate the plan
A-D-P-I-E = Implementation
is carrying out the planned nursing intervention for the purpose of assisting the pt to meet desired goals; to promote health and wellness; to prevent illness and disease and to facilitate coping with health problems
activites include reassessing the pt to update the database; determine the need for nursing assistance; perform or delegate planned nursing interventions and communicate interventions- verbally as necessary and documentation of care and pt response
A-D-P-I-E = Evaluation
is measuring the degree to which goals/outcomes have been achieved; and to identify factors that positively or negatively influenced the goal achievement
purpose is to determine the extent to which the goals have been achieved and to determine whether to continue, modify or terminate the plan of care
activities include collaborating with pt and collecting data related to expected outcomes;judging whether the goals have been achieved; relating nursing actions to pt outcomes;making decisions about problem status and reviewing and modifying plan if indicated
Primary Prevention is...
is healthy promotion
Secondary Prevention is...
early detection of disease
identifying disease ex) mammography
preventing complications ex) fall precautions
Tertiary Preventation is...
looking at pts who have been dxed with a chronic conditions and are looking to prevent further disability and maximize function.