Music Lecture

  1. Sound
    vibration of an object
  2. Pitch
    relative highness or lowness that we hear in a sound
  3. Dynamics
    degrees of loudness or softness
  4. Accent
    Emphasize a tone by playing it more loudly than the tones around it
  5. Pitch range
    distance between the lowest and highest tones that a voice or an instrument can produce
  6. Tone
    a sound that has a definite pitch
  7. Interval
    the distance between any two tones
  8. Octave
    tones that are separated by an interval
  9. Pianissimo
    very soft
  10. Piano
  11. mezzo piano
    moderately soft
  12. mezzo forte
    moderately loud
  13. forte
  14. fortissimo
    very loud
  15. decrescendo
    gradually softer
  16. crescendo
    gradually louder
  17. tone color or timbre
    the characteristic quality of sound produced by an instrument or voice.
  18. Stringed instruments
    guitar and violin
  19. woodwind
    flute and clarinet
  20. brass
    trumpet and trombone
  21. percussion
    bass drum, cymbals
  22. keyboard
    organ and piano
  23. electronic
  24. register
    the tone color of a single instrument
  25. conductor
    coordinates the performers and shapes the interpretation of a musical composition
  26. baton
    thin stick to beat time and indicate pulse and tempo
  27. concertmaster
    plays solo violin passages and coordinates the bowing of string instruments
  28. What do the violin, viola, cello, and double bass form?
    The symphony orchestras string section
  29. bow
    a slightly curved stick strung tightly with horsehair
  30. Pizzicato
    Musician plucks the string, usually with a finger of the right hand
  31. Double stop
    By drawing the bow across two strings, a string player can sound two notes at once
  32. Vibrato
    The string player can produce a throbbing expressive tone by rocking the left hand while pressing the string down
  33. Mute
    Veil or muffle the tone by fitting a clamp on the bridge
  34. Tremolo
    Rapidly repeats tones by quick up and down strokes of the bow
  35. Harmonics
    Very high pitched tones like a whistles are produced when the musician lightly touches certain points on a string.
  36. Rhythm
    flow of music through time
  37. Beat
    regular recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time
  38. measure
    a group containing a fixed number of beats
  39. meter
    organization of beats into regular groups
  40. downbeat
    first, or stressed beat of the measure
Card Set
Music Lecture
Music Lecture terms