1. axial
    pertaining to the central part of the body, the head and trunk
  2. cephalic
    pertaining to the head
  3. cranial
    pertaining to the portion of the skull surrounding the brain
  4. facial
    pertaining to the face
  5. frontal
    pertaining to the forehead
  6. orbital
    pertaining to the eye
  7. otic
    pertaining to the ear
  8. nasal
    pertaining to the nose
  9. buccal
    pertaining to the cheek
  10. oral
    pertaining to the mouth
  11. mental
    pertaining to the chin
  12. occipital
    pertaining to the back of head
  13. cervical
    pertaining to the neck
  14. thoracic
    pertaining to the chest
  15. sternal
    pertaining to the breast bone
  16. pectoral
    pertaining to the chest
  17. mammary
    pertaining to the breast
  18. abdominal
    pertaining to the abdomen
  19. umbilical
    pertaining to the navel
  20. coxal
    pertaining to the hip
  21. pelvic
    pertaining to the pelvis
  22. pubic
    pertaining to the genital area
  23. dorsal
    pertaining to the back
  24. scapular
    pertaining to the shoulder blade region
  25. vertebral
    pertaining to the spinal column
  26. lumbar
    pertaining to the area of the back between the lowest rib and buttocks
  27. appendicular
    pertaining to the extremities or limbs
  28. acromial
    pertaining to the highest point of the shoulder
  29. axillary
    pertaining to the armpit
  30. brachial
    pertaining to the arm
  31. antecubital
    pertaining to the anterior (front) surface of the elbow
  32. olecranal
    pertaining to the posterior (back) surface of the elbow
  33. antebrachial
    pertaining to the forearm
  34. carpal
    pertaining to the wrist
  35. manual
    pertaining to the hand
  36. palmar
    pertaining to the palm of the hand
  37. digital
    pertaining to the digits (fingers and toes)
  38. inguinal
    pertaining to the groin where the thigh attaches to the pelvis
  39. gluteal
    pertaining to the buttocks
  40. femoral
    pertaining to the thigh
  41. patellar
    pertaining to the anterior (front) surface of the knee
  42. popliteal
    pertaining to the posterior (back) surface of the knee
  43. crural
    pertaining to the anterior (front) surface of the leg
  44. fibular or peroneal
    pertaining to the lateral side of the leg
  45. sural
    pertaining to the posterior (back) surface of the leg
  46. tarsal
    pertaining to the ankle
  47. pedal
    pertaining to the foot
  48. plantar
    pertaining to the sole of foot
  49. calcaneal
    pertaining to the heel
  50. superior
  51. inferior
  52. anterior (ventral)
    closer to the front of body
  53. posterior (dorsal) closer to the back of body
  54. medial
    closer to the midline of body
  55. lateral
    farther from midline of body
  56. intermediate
    between two structures
  57. ipsilateral
    on same side of body
  58. contralateral
    on opposite sides of body
  59. proximal
    nearer to point of attachment of limb to trunk
  60. distal
    farther from point of attachment of limb to trunk
  61. superficial
    closer to surface of body
  62. deep
    farther from surface of body
  63. sagittal planes
    pass vertically, divide right and left
  64. midsagittal plane
    vertical through midline, equal
  65. parasagittal plane
    vertical in unequal parts
  66. frontal (coronal) plane
    vertical, divide anerior and posterior sections
  67. transverse plane
    horizontal through body, produces superior and inferior sections
  68. oblique plane
    through body at angle
  69. longitudinal sections
    cut in half
  70. cross section
    perpendicular to axis ( like a circle)
  71. organ system
    group of organs that work together to perform a common function
  72. homeostasis
    state of equilibrium in the bodys internal environment due to the constant interaction of the body's regulatory processes
  73. body cavities
    space that contains one or more organs, protects, separates, and supports internal organs
  74. thoracic cavity
    • space enclosed by the ribs, sternum, and vertebral column
    • contains pericardial cavity (heart) and two pleural cavities (lungs)
    • mediastum
  75. mediastinum
    area within thoracic cavity, extends from neck to diaphragm and sternum to vertebral column, includes heart, thymus gland, esophagus, trachea, blood vessels, and bronchi
  76. diaphragm
    separates thoracic cavity from abdominalpelvic cavity
  77. ventral cavity
    includes thoracic and abdominal pelvic
  78. abdominalpelvic category
    includes abdominal cavity and peritoneal cavity, pelvic cavity
  79. abdominal cavity
    superior portion located between diaphragm and brim of the pelvic, contains stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, small intestine, kidneys, appendix, and part of the large intestine. includes peritoneal cavity
  80. retroperitoneal
    located posterior to the peritoneum, include pancreas, kidneys, adrenal glands, and portions of the large intestine, small intestine, aorta, and inferior vena cave.
  81. pelvic category
    inferior portion of the abdominopelvic category, contains part of the large intestine,rectum, urinary bladder, reproductive organs.
  82. four quadrants
    right upper, left upper, right lower, left lower (according to patients point of view
  83. nine regions
    right and left hypochondriac (under cartilage), right and left lumbar, rig and left inguinal (groin), epigastric (upper stomach), umbilical, hypogastric (pubic)
  84. serous membrane
    covers organs, lubrication to reduce friction, named for cavity if surrounds, made of two layers separated by serous fluid (visceral and parietal)
  85. visceral layer
    covers the organs
  86. parietal layer
    attaches to and covers body wall
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