anat and physiology

  1. myofibril
    linear arrangements of muscle cells
  2. striations
    alternating bands of proteins in muscle cells
  3. lipids
    energy storage products that is hard to break down.
  4. intercalated discs
    electrically permeable cell junctions in cardiac muscle.
  5. osteocytes
    cells that make bone
  6. haversian canal
    main blood supply to the bone cells
  7. canaliculi
    small canals supplying blood to bone cells
  8. lamellae
    hardened rings in bone
  9. collagen
    extremely strong connective tissue fiber.
  10. elastin
    very stretchy CT
  11. lacunae
    small pit/cavity
  12. chondrocytes
    make cartilage
  13. reticular fibers
    extremely fine connective tissue fiber (from the fetal tissue).
  14. adipocytes
    cells that make lipids
  15. fibroblast
    cells that make fibers and reproduce constantly.
  16. matrix
    background substance in con tissue is made of protein plus water.
  17. columnar cells
    nuclei are narrow band close to basement membrane. height is several times the distance between nuclei.
  18. cuboidal cells
    square epithelial cells
  19. squamous cells
    thin and flat epithelial cells
  20. basement membrane
    area where con. Tissue joins epithelial tissue.
  21. plasma
    the fluid substance of blood
  22. leukocytes
    a white blood cell. cells that attack invaders
  23. axon/dendrite
    carries info in and out of the neuron
  24. cilia
    small cell projections that move items as they “wave” back and forth
  25. neuroglial cells
    central nervous system cells that protect the neurons
  26. neuron
    specializes in intracellular communication
  27. keratin
    water-proofs the skin
  28. involuntary control
    movement within the non-conscious.
  29. voluntary control
    movement that is conscious
  30. melanin
    yellow-brown pigment produced by melanocytes of the skin
  31. goblet cells
    make mucus
  32. melanocytes
    produces melanin
  33. keratinocytes
    make keratin, strength for nails, hair
  34. reticular fibers
    least common CT. thinner collagen fibersd interweave in the organism
  35. mucus
    composed of water and mucins
  36. thrombocytes
    clot the blood
  37. erythrocytes
    red blood cells
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    filtration, osmosis, diffusion (simple squamous epithelium)
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    air sacs of lungs, lines blood vessels (simple squamous epithelium)
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    they water-proof the skin. drys outer skin (stratified squamous keratinized epithelium)
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    outer epidermis (stratified squamous keratinized epithelium)
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    moves food and urine. regulates diameter of blood vessels (smooth muscle)
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    digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive organs (smooth muscle)
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    some secretion, some protection (simple cuboidal epithelium)
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    tear duct, sweat ducts, mammary ducts. (simple cuboidal epithelium)
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    ultimate cells for absorption and secretion. (simple columnar epithelium)
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    stomach lining, intestine, gall bladder, uterine tubes (simple columnar epithelium)
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    stabilizes position of skeleton. guards entrances and exits to the digestive, respiratory, urinary, and generates heat. (skeletal muscle)
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    with connective tissue and neural tissue (Skeletal muscle)
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    allows sensing of stimuli, transmit impulses to involuntary muscles and glands. create and move electrical impulses.(nervous tissue)
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    spinal cord, brain, nerves.
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    great protection, secretion of mucus, cilia moves eggs. (pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium)
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    trachea lining, fallopian tubes (pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium)
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    reduces friction between bony surfaces, stiff but flexible support (hyaline cartilage)
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    synovial joints, larynx, nasal septum (hyaline cartilage)
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    supports. distorts without damage and returns to original shape. (elastic cartilage)
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    auricle, auditory tube. (elastic cartilage)
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    resists compression. limits relative movement (fibrocartilage)
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    pads in knee joint. between pubic bones of the pelvis (fibrocartilage)
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    contracts to move blood. maintains blood pressure (cardiac muscle)
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    walls of the heart, (cardiac muscle)
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    provides firm attachment. reduces friction between muscles. (dense regular fibrous connective tissue)
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    between skeletal muscles and tendons. covers skeletal muscles. (dense regular CT)
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    carries oxygen to the cells, and waste products away. (blood CT)
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    veins, heart (blood CT)
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    protects vital organs, leverage and movement (bone CT)
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    tibia, fibula. (bone Ct)
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    insulates, stores energy reserves (adipose CT)
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    butt, breasts (adipose)
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    cushions organs, permits independent movement (areolar Ct)
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    mid-layer of skin, digestive tract, between muscles (areolar CT)
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    protects on moist cavities. (stratified squamous nonkeratinized epithelium)
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    moist linings, cornea, nose lining, esophagus. (stratified squamous nonkeratinized epithelium)
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    expands and contracts quickly, many times a day. (transitional epithelium)
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    lines the bladder, ureters. (transitional epithelium)
Card Set
anat and physiology
tissue practical