english midterm-misc

  1. plot
    • structure of the story;
    • casual arrangement of events and actions; series of related events
  2. theme
    • main idea or underlying
    • meaning of the literary work
  3. implied theme
    Never presented directly
  4. stated theme
    Presented directly
  5. protagonist
    main character; usually the good guy
  6. antagonist
    Protagonist’s main adversary; supplies conflict
  7. conflict
    struggle between 2 opposing forces; drives the plot through its stages
  8. 7 types of conflict
    • person vs. person; person
    • vs. nature; person vs. society; person vs. self; person vs. animal; person vs.
    • fate; person vs. technology
  9. setting
    • time and location of a
    • story; includes social conditions present in a story; makes certain events seem
    • probable; reveals characters’ creates atmosphere; communicates ideas
  10. characterization
    techniques a writer uses to reveal their personalities of a character; creates realistic lifelike characters
  11. static characters
    Recognized by one or two traits; don’t change throughout the story; “flat” characters
  12. dynamic characters
    Complex; cannot be summed up by only one or two traits; influenced by events; events cause change in the character; “round” characters
  13. direct characterization
    • author describes characters; like a bulleted list; writes
    • directly to audience
  14. indirect characterization
    character is developed through speech, thoughts, effects on other characters, actions, and looks
  15. symbol
    something concrete that represents something abstract
  16. symbolism
    Use of symbols to suggest a larger meaning
  17. foreshadowing
    hint given of what’s to come; creates suspense; convinces reader of inevitability; sets stage for future events; makes some events seem believable
  18. mood
    Atmosphere; developed through setting, imagery, characterization, details. Dialogue, and description
  19. flashback
    interruption of a narrative to show an episode that happened before; provides background info; helps to better understand characters and anticipate what will occur when the author returns to original point in time
  20. irony
    contradiction of appearance and reality
  21. verbal irony
    contrast between what the speaker says and what he really means; sarcasm
  22. situational irony
    Events turn out contrary to what is expected or appropriate; defies logical and justifiable expectations
  23. cosmic irony
    when situational irony goes beyond unfair and tragic; Romeo and Juliet
  24. dramatic irony
    • Reader knows more about the situation than character; contrast between what the character thinks, says and does and the real situation; character is not aware of the contrast but the
    • reader is
  25. socratic irony
    someone feigns ignorance to expose a flaw or weakness in another’s position or on an issue through ‘innocent’ questions designed to illuminate the illogical or unreasonable elements of the position
  26. what determines the type of essay?
    language and expectations of the promt
  27. what is the main point of an expository essay?
    explain or tell
  28. comparison/ contrast essay
    • expository
    • comparison-must show how things similar
    • contrast-must show how different
  29. persuasive essay
    uses logic and reason to show on idea is more legitimate than another; persuade reader to adopt certain point of view; rely on facts/reasoning, examples & quotations; strong stand from writer presenting argument
  30. thesis
    main idea/ central focus of essay
  31. thesis statement
    guides entire essay; must be clearly stated
  32. plan of development
    3 main ideas that support the thesis; 3 strongest ideas
  33. prewriting
    • develop thesis
    • develop POD
  34. brain storming
    how writer develops response by narrowing it down to relevant info
  35. itroductory paragraph
    • attention getter
    • thesis
    • POD
  36. body paragraph 1
    • 1st main idea
    • topic sentence
    • transition
    • support
  37. body paragraph 2
    • 2nd main idea
    • topic sentence
    • transition
    • support
  38. 3 body paragraph
    • 3 main idea
    • topic sentence
    • transition
    • support
  39. closing
    • transition-concluding- no "finally's"
    • restate thesis
    • summarize POD
    • final thought
  40. attention getter
    • method to grab reader's attention
    • must be first
    • relevant to topic
    • 2-5 sentences
  41. transitions
    • beginning of body paragraph
    • words/phrases to continue smoothly
  42. body paragraph
    explains relationship between thesis statement and POD
  43. topic sentence
    • beginning of body paragraph
    • clear relationship between thesis statement and support
  44. sentences of support
    relate thesis statement to POD
  45. parallel structure
    POD in same specific order
  46. closing paragraph
    • final paragraph
    • ties everything together
  47. summary
    points out the fact the POD clearly supports the thesis
  48. final thought
    strong language to make reader remember
  49. t/f it's ok to use 1st or second person pronouns in 5 paragraph essays
  50. t/f it's not ok to use contractions in 5 paragraph essays
  51. what king of q's should u avoid in 5 paragraph essays?
    rhetorical questions
  52. t/f you should have confidence in your writing
  53. t/f you should flatly state your intentions in 5 paragraph essays
  54. what should you avoid using in 5 paragraph essays?
  55. t/f you should pend a lot of time developing an introductory paragraph
  56. aristotle's unified plot
    • triangle; driven by cause and effect; linear path
    • beginning events middle events end
  57. freytags pyramid
    • driven by conflict between protagonist and antognist
    • exposition, inciting moment, rising action, climax, falling action & resolution
  58. exposition
    • mood and conditions at beginning of story
    • setting, main character, and conflict introduced
  59. inciting moment
    when conflict is clear
  60. rising action
    • series of events that leads to climax
    • plot growing in intensity
  61. climax
    • story's greatest point of emotional intensity
    • turning point of the story
  62. falling action
    all events from climax to end
  63. resolution
    • tying up loose ends
    • protagonist emerges triumphant or defeated
    • NOT conclusion
  64. when and where was shakespeare born?
    • april 23, 1564
    • stratford upon avon
  65. when was shakespeare baptized?
    april 26
  66. Who was shakespeare's father?
    • John shakespeare
    • glover, tanner, alderman
  67. who was shakespeare's mother?
    • mary arden
    • landed gentlewoman
  68. t/f shakespeare's parents were literate
  69. where did shakespeare go to elementary school?
    stratford grammar school
  70. what was the primary language of learning in shakespeare's time?
  71. who was shakespeare's wife?
    • Anne hathaway in 1582
    • he was 18 she was 26 and pregnant
  72. shakespeare's 3 kids
    • susanna-1583
    • twins- hamnet and judith 1585 (named for town bakers)
  73. when were the lost years?
  74. t/f shakespeare was a respected actor in london by 1592
  75. in 1593 who was shakespeare's patron?
    Earl of southampton
  76. what group was shakespeare with in 1594? what did the name change to?
    • lord chamberlin's men
    • King's men
  77. what theatre did lord chamberlin's men purchase in 1599?
  78. when did shakespeare die?
    april 23 1616
  79. where is shakespeare buried?
    chancel if the holy trinity chruch in stratford
  80. what is the main idea of shakespeare's epitaph?
    if you dig up his bones you will be cursed
  81. blank verse
    regular meter but no rhyme
  82. iambic pentameter
    5 iambic feet
  83. foot
    unit of stressed and unstressed syllables
  84. iamb
    a foot in which the stress is placed on the 2nd syllable
  85. meter
    number of feet per line
  86. feminine
    11th unstressed syllable
  87. monologue
    speech made by a person speaking thoughs aloud or adressing reader, audience, or another character
  88. soliloquy
    • monologue that expresses character's personal thoughts
    • cannot be heard by characters other than speaker
  89. aside
    short soliloquy
  90. comedy
    • play with a happy ending
    • protagonist better off in end than beginning
    • marriage is usually central component
    • light tone
  91. denouement
    resolution of comedy
Card Set
english midterm-misc
literary terms, 5 paragraph, triangular plot structure, William shakespear