History Study Guide

  1. 1) Four political divisions in the UK:
    • -london, england
    • -edinburgh, scotland
    • -cardiff, wales
    • -belfast, northern ireland
    • 2) UK's economy:
    • -primary industries: only 1% of working population
    • -secondary industries: 24% of working population
    • -tertiary industries: 74% of working population
    • 3) UK government and prime minister:
    • -constitutional monarchy parlimentary democracy
    • - prime minister: david cameron
    • 4) Scandavian countries(5):
    • -norway: shares pensinula with sweden
    • -sweden: 14 islands in baltic sea
    • -finland
    • -denmark: 70% of population live in jutland peninsula
    • -iceland
    • 5) Norways physical features and economy:
    • -1600 miles of coastline
    • -fjords
    • -islands
    • -mountain ranges
    • -economy: strong, wealthy, high earnings
    • -strong fishing industry
    • -produces merchant ships
    • -big oil exporters: boosted economy(12% of GDP)
    • 6) Scandinavian countries economies and governments:
    • -norway: strong, wealthy economy...constitutional monarchy parlimentary democracy
    • -sweden: socialist democratic government
    • -finland: parlimentary democracy....strong economy
    • -denmark: service and agricultural economy
    • -iceland: parlimentary democracy
    • 7) France's commitment to its culture:
    • -have strong cultural nationalism(great pride in being french)
    • 8) German symbols:
    • -eagle: got it from the holy roman empire
    • -swastika: banned
    • -flag: national symbol(black red and gold)
    • -corporate products: mercedes, BMW, voltswagon
    • -berlin wall: symbolized division from cold war
  2. 9) German economy:-primary: farming, fishing, forestry(3% of GDP)-secondary:-tertiary: strong retail business
    • 10) Alpine europe:-switzerland: mountains(alps, 60% of landmass), lakes(geneva, lucerin, beautiful and unpolluted)-liechtenstein: capital: vaduz, offically represented by swiss-austria: danube river, manners and art are very important
    • 11) Spanish culture:-proud of their culture-literature-art-architexture-music-quizine-cinema-futbol
    • 12) Mediterranean europe:-iberian peninsula: spain, portugal(lisbon), andorra-italian peninsula: italia, san marino, vatican city-balkan peninsula: greece(athens)
    • 13) Italian government amd politics:-parlimentary/democratic republic since 1946-multi-party system-unity issues(very regional)
    • 14) Europe spiritual status:-dominate religion is catholic-impact of evangelical christian church is very low throughout europe
  3. Spain occupies about 85 percent of the Iberian peninsula, with Portugal on its western border. Spain's perimeter is mountainous, the mountains generally rising from relatively narrow coastal plains. Spain's population of 39,852,651 in early 1999 represented a slight decline from levels earlier in the decade. The population had increased significantly in every previous decade of the twentieth century, rising from under nineteen million in 1900. Spain's declining birthrate, which in 1999 was the lowest in the world, has been the cause of official concern. The Catalan and Valencian provinces (including the major cities of Barcelona and Valencia), along with the Balearic Islands, account for about 30 percent of the population, Galicia for about 7 percent, and Basque Country for about 5 percent.Spain has been a heavily agrarian, pastoral, and mercantile nation. As of the middle of the twentieth century the nation was principally rural. Today, industry is more highly developed, and Spain is a member of the European Economic Community and participates substantially in the global economy. Farmers' voluntary reorganization of the land base and the mechanization of agriculture (both accomplished with government assistance) have combined to modernize farming in much of the nation; these developments have in turn promoted migration from rural areas into Spain's cities, which grew significantly in the twentieth century.Spain is a parliamentary monarchy with a bicameral legislature. The current king, Juan Carlos I (the grandson of Alfonso XIII, who was displaced by the Second Republic) is the first monarch to reign following the Franco period.Spain has repeatedly seen orderly elections and changes of government and ruling party. The head of state, the prime minister, is a member of the majority party in a multiparty system. The years under the constitutional regime have brought Spain into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Community—and therefore, politically and economically closer to Europe—as well as into ever wider circles of global involvement. Most of Spain's programs of social welfare, service, and development are in the hands of the state—including agencies of the regional governments—and of the Roman Catholic Church. Church and state are separate today, but Catholicism is the religion of the great majority. The Church itself—and Catholic agencies—have a weighty presence in organizing social welfare and in sponsoring hospitals, schools, and aid projects of all sorts. Local, national, and international secular agencies are active as well.Spanish culture is widely known for Flamenco music and dance, bullfights, fantastic beaches and lots of sunshine. But what is Spain known for? It has much more to offer than that. It is - and has been for thousands of years, one of the cultural centers of Europe
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