What are the typical flight conditions in the stratosphere?
- Little turbulence
- Almost no weather
- Constant cold temps
- Excellent visibility
The altimeter setting is corrected for ______.
The altimeter is calibrated for a ______ lapse rate
A strong pressure gradient force means a ______ wind speed
High pressure results from ______ air.
What are the three states of moisture?
Solid, liquid, gas
______ clouds produce violent/heavy steady precipitation.
What are the three conditions of atmospheric stability?
- Stable air
- Unstable air
- Neutrally Stable air
What is an air mass?
A large body of air that has uniform temperature and moisture in a horizontal plane
What are the characteristics of a squall line?
- Line of severe thunderstorms
- Forms 50-300 miles ahead of a cold front
- Will sometimes form without a cold front
- Contains severe hazards to aviation
With a warm front, where does weather accure in relation to the surface front?
ahead of surface front
Thermal turbulence is also known as ______.
What is sky coverage?
height of cloud base in hundreds of feet
What are the sequence of events a pilot will encounter when flying through a microburst
- Increase in headwind and IAS
- Tailwind with a decrease in IAS
What are the best choices, in order of priority, for avoiding the penetration of a thunderstorm?
Around, above, below
What are the atmospheric cycles?
- Evaparations and condensation
- Hydrological cycle
The ______ is used to determine air mass boundary
A definite strain against seat belts and shoulder straps would indicate ______ turbulence
What type of clouds indicate the presence of low level wind shear and extreme turbulence?
Roll and wall clouds
What are the key words that id the intensities of turbulance
- Light (slight erratic changes)
- Moderate (larger changes)
- Severe (abrupt changes)
- Extreme (vilontely tossed)