intro to injury & bone fractures

  1. Trauma
    “A physical injury or wound produced by internal or external force
  2. what are acute injuries?
    • there is heat and redness
    • sudden traumatic incident
    • short, severe course
  3. what is best way to heal acute injury?
  4. what is chronic injury?
    • weeks,months,years
    • healing and rehab incomplete
    • gradual progression
  5. what is a recurrent injury?
    • acute injury
    • healing and rehab completed
  6. what is a contusion
    • "bruise" (skin, muscle, tendon, bone, fat)
    • superficial or deep
  7. what is ecchymosis?
    • bluish purple discoloration
    • superficial
  8. what is a hematoma?
    collection of pool of blood in restricted area
  9. what is myositis ossificans?
    muscle near its origin to bone
  10. three types of myositis ossificans
    • along msucle origin
    • within muscle belly
    • traumatized joint or fracture site
  11. bursitis
    inflammation of bursa
  12. causes of myositis ossificans
    • acute trauma
    • repeated trauma
    • active use following trauma
  13. signs of myositis ossificans
    • sweeling
    • tenderness
    • pain on motion
  14. closed (simple) fracture
    no external exposure
  15. open (compound) fracture
    can see wound but may or may not be able to see bone
  16. greenstick fracture
    incomplete break( one side broken one side bent)
  17. comminuted fracture
    • bone broken in to several pieces
    • at least into three pieces to be considered comminuted
  18. linear fracture
    runs parallel to long axis of bone
  19. transverse fracture
    broken perpendicular tothe way bone runs
  20. oblique fracture
    broken in an angle
  21. spiral fracture
    caused by a twisting force
  22. impacted fracture
    one broken end wedged into other broken end
  23. avulsion fracture
    When a ligament pulls so hard on the part of the bone it is attached to that a small bone fragment breaks off.
  24. blowout fracture
    fracture of one of the bones surrounding the eye
  25. serrated fracture
    two endds of bone rubbing against each other
  26. depressed fracture
    occurs in flat bone eg skull
  27. stress fracture
    Usually happens with repeated stress, overuse, improper use, or returning to play before an injury has fully healed.
  28. what is the breaking point of tendon injuries- (%)
    6-8% increase in length
  29. Subluxation
    partial dislocation
  30. 3 types of tendon injuries
    • tendinitis
    • tendinosis
    • tenosynovitis
  31. tendinosis
    breakdown of tendon without inflammation
  32. tenosynovitis
    inflammation of tendon and its synnovial sheath
  33. _______ is a damage to muscle or musculo-tendinous unit
  34. Grade I strain
    • full ROM
    • no functional loss
    • not musch sweeling or discoloration
  35. Grade II strain
    • moderate functional loss, swelling, discoloration
    • pain when contracting
  36. Grade III strain
    • total tearing
    • increasing swelling and discloration
    • cant move joint
  37. _____ is an injury to a ligament
  38. Grade I sprain
    • no functional loss
    • not musch sweeling or discoloration
    • 80-100% normal ligament function
  39. Grade II sprain
    moderate swelling, discoloration, pain, functional loss
  40. Grade III sprain
    • compelte rupture
    • avulsion fracture
    • increase swelling and discoloration
  41. Abrasion
    scraping, sliding injury to skin
  42. Laceration
    jagged irregular tear in soft tissue
  43. Incision
    • wound caused by sharp object
    • blow over sharp or unprotected knee
  44. Puncture
    • wound caused by penetrating object
    • easy to get infected
  45. blister
    seperation of epidermis and dermis
  46. mechanism includes
    • traumatic
    • overuse
  47. temporal includes
    • acute
    • chronic
    • recurrent
  48. Inflammatory response is
    • SHARP
    • sweeling
    • heat
    • altered loss or function
    • redness
    • pain
Card Set
intro to injury & bone fractures
midterm review