1. Atheism
    Rejection of belief in personal gods (and by extension spiritual reality in general).
  2. Comparative method
    An approach to the study of religion that seeks to understand religion by looking for that which is common among religions.
  3. Cosmogonic myth
    “Myth of origins”. Recounts the story of how that which is ultimate gave rise to all experienced reality.
  4. Descriptive approach
    Focuses on understanding that include the phenomenological, historical, functional (psychological, sociological, or anthropological), and comparative methods. Goal is to understand religion and the roles it plays in human life.
  5. Eschatological myth
    Myths that relate to that which ordinary time is moving, rather than that from which it comes.
  6. Evaluative approach
    Religious (or theological) approach to studying religion and the philosophical. The goal is to judge the truth of religion or religions.
  7. Monotheism
    Belief in the existence of one all-powerful god, to the exclusion of other gods.
  8. Myth
    False stories that conflict with what we know empirically to be true.
  9. Periodic rituals
    Celebrating times of transition in the lives of an individual or group.
  10. Phenomenological method
    An approach to the study of religion that attempts to understand religion from the perspective of religious persons themselves.
  11. Philosophy of religion
    The truth claims of religion are assessed not from the perspective of a particular religion but from the standpoint of their susceptibility to being proven or disproven on the basis of rational argument.
  12. Polytheism
    Belief in the existence of a plurality of personal gods.
  13. Religion
    Human transformation in response to perceived ultimacy.
  14. Rites of passage
    Mark and order times of transition in the life of the individual.
  15. Rituals
    Actions within time and space that bring the power of myth into the lives of the people who practice them. It’s symbolic action that enables persons to participate in transformation in response to ultimacy.
  16. Secular religion
    Having to do with observable reality, as opposed to spiritual. They have nonspiritual, this-worldly ultimacies.
  17. Symbol
    Something that stands for something else.
  18. Theism
    Belief in the existence of personal gods.
Card Set
Religion Chapter 1 vocabulary