World War 1 - History Class

  1. Define the American Expeditionary Force.
    American Troops in Europe
  2. Define armistice.
    A cease-fire or truce
  3. List some causes of WWI.
    • Imperialism in Europe
    • Militarism/Preparing for war in Europe
    • Nationalism
    • Complicated alliances
  4. Define the central powers.
    Germany and Austria-Hungary
  5. Define convoy system.
    Group of unarmed ships surrounded by a ring of armed naval vessels
  6. Define Fourteen Points.
    President Wilson's proposal in 1918 for a postwar European peace
  7. Define genocide.
    Organized killing of an entire people
  8. Define the Great Migration.
    Migration of English settlers to Massachucetts Bay Colony beginning in the 1630's
  9. Define imperialism.
    Policy by a stronger nation to attempt to create an empire by dominating weaker nations ecomnomically, politically, culturally, or militarily
  10. What was the League of Nations?
    International organization formed after WWI that aimed to ensure the security and peace for all it's members
  11. Define liberty bonds.
    Special war bonds sold by the government to support the allied cause
  12. Define militarism.
    • Policy of aggressively building up a nations' armed forces in preparation for war
    • Giving the military more authority over the government/foreign policy
  13. Define mobilization.
    The readying of troops for war
  14. Name some postwar adjustments.
    • USA was suddenly a World Power
    • African Americans still faced discrimination
    • Women/minorities lost their jobs again
    • General gloominess over citizens of the US
    • The war boosted the economy
  15. Define price controls.
    System of pricing determined by the government
  16. Define rationing.
    Distribution of goods to consumers in a fixed amount
  17. Define reparations.
    Payment from an enemy for economic injury suffered during the war
  18. What was the Russian Revolution?
    Collapse of the czar's government in Russia in 1917, after which the Russian monarchy was replaced with a republican government.
  19. Define sedition.
    A speech or action that encourages rebellion
  20. What was the Selective Service Act?
    1940 law requiring all males aged 21-36 to register for military service
  21. Define self-determination.
    The power to make decisions about one's own future.
  22. What was a major spark in WW1?
    The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
  23. Define stalemate.
    Situation in which neither side in a conflict is able to gain the advantage
  24. What was the Sussex Pledge?
    A pledge by the german government in 1916 that it's submarines would warn ships before attacking
  25. What were some factors in the USA's decision to join WWI?
    • Germany provoked us with U-boats
    • The Zimmerman note
    • The revolution in Russia
  26. Define U-boat.
    A german submarine
  27. What was the Versailles Treaty?
    1919 treaty that ended WWI
  28. What was the War Industries Board?
    • Oversaw the nation's war-related production
    • Told manufactures what/how much to produce
    • Fixed prices
  29. What was the Zimmerman Note?
    A telegram sent by Germany's foreign secretary in 1917 proposing an alliance with Mexico
  30. What was the Sedition Act?
    • It banned foul talk of America by American citizens
    • Violated the First Amendment
    • Was a restriction of Civil Liberties during WWI
Card Set
World War 1 - History Class
World War One - History Class