American studies term 1

  1. John Jay
    • Delegate from New York
    • One of the 3 peace negotiators from America sent by Congress in the Treaty of Paris in 1783
    • percieved France's "plans' for peace and went to Britain for the terms of a peace treaty, which was formally signed in 1783 (Treaty of Paris)
  2. Act of Toleration
    • Guarenteed protection to Catholics
    • Decreed death penalties to Jews and atheists
    • Passed in 1649 by the local assembly
  3. Walter Raleigh
    • Organized the Roanoke colony expedition that landed in 1585
    • Introduced tobacco and potatoes to England
    • Seduced and married one of Queen Elizabeth's maids of honor
    • Was ultimately beheaded for treason
  4. Huguenots
    • Were Protestants
    • Over 10,000 were killed on St. Bartholomew's Day in 1572 over a clash with Roman Catholics
    • Happened in France
  5. Non-Importation Agreement
    • Agreements where people did not import British goods
    • A promising stride towards union
    • Gave more opportunities to participate in colonial protests
  6. Francisco Coronado
    • Led a quest in search of fabled golden cities that turned out to be adobe pueblos
    • The quest was mainly through Arizona and New Mexico but went as far east as Kansas
    • Discovered the Grand Canyon, the Colorado River, and enormous herds of bison
  7. Nathaniel Bacon
    • 29 years old
    • Led rebellion against governor William Berkeley
    • Randomly died of disease
  8. Society of Cincinnati
    • Formed by Continental army officers
    • Ridiculed by most Americans
    • Exclusive heriditary order
  9. Abigail Adams
    • Wife of founding father John Adams
    • Encouraged John to give political rights to women
    • One of the first leaders of women's rights
    • Teased John and said that "the Ladies" were determined "to form a rebellion" of their own if they weren't given political rights
  10. Republicanism
    • Concept of "civic virtue"
    • Democracy depended on unselfish commitments of citizens for public good
    • Woman recieved role of maintaining the nation's concience
  11. Francisco Pizarro
    • Discovered and crushed the Incan Empire in Peru
    • Happened in 1532
    • Added a huge hoard of booty to the Spanish Empire through his conquest
  12. "Virtual" representation
    The theory given by Prime minister George Grenville that the Americans were in Parliament, because members of Parliament represented all British subjects, including Americans
  13. Middle Passage
    • A long and treacherous passage from Africa to the New World
    • Had a 20% death rate
    • Brought slaves to the New World
  14. Catawba Nation
    • In the southern piedmont region
    • Formed from splinteral remnats of several different groups uprooted by the shock of the European's arrival
  15. Pontiac
    • Ottawa chief
    • Led several tribes and a handful of French traders in a violent campaign to drive out the British out of the Ohio country in 1763
  16. George Rogers Clark
    • Captured British outposts in wild Illinois country
    • Lasted from 1778-1779
    • Because of his victories, America benefited by gaining much land in the Treaty of Paris 1783
  17. Samuel de Champlain
    • Founded New France and Quebec
    • Intrepid soldier and leader
    • Earned the title "Father of New France"
    • Entered into friendly relations with the Huron Indian tribes and helped them fight the Iriqouis tribes
  18. Triangle Trade
    • Went to Africa, to the West Indies, to New England
    • Infamously profitable
    • During 1770's
  19. Paxton Boys
    • Led by Scots-Irish
    • In Philadelphia in 1764
    • Protested the Quaker oligarchy lenient policy towards the Indians
  20. NorthWest Ordinance
    • Congres was given control of western lands, not state governments
    • Promised that the lands that were settled would not be colonies, but would be future states with equal rights to the original 13 states
    • Pioneers purchased land directly or indirectly from the federal government
  21. Slave Codes
    • Made blacks and their children property for life of their white masters
    • Started the first racial discrimination
    • Banned blacks from being free
  22. William Penn
    • A wellborn athletic young Englishman
    • Quaker
    • Suffered persecution in England, granted a charter in todays Pennyslvania
    • Founded Pennyslvania
    • Made Pennyslvania the most advertised colony
    • Created peace between the Indians and the Quakers
    • In the last years of his life, he was arrested for treason, put into a debtors prison, and had a paralytic stroke
  23. William Bradford
    • Self taught scholar who read Hebrew, Greek, Latin, French, and Dutch
    • Elected governor 30 times over Plymouth bay colony
    • Feared that non-puritans would corrupt the colony
  24. Treaty of Tordesillas
    • Signed by the pope
    • Declared that any land west of the Prime Meridean was Spain's territory and anything east was Portugal's territory
    • Signed in 1494
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American studies term 1
AS Term 1 Id's