1. Written codes of ethics for health care practitioners:

    A. Evolved primarily to serve as moral guidelines for those who provided care to the sick
  2. A Greek physician who is known as the Father of Medicine:

    A. Hippocrates
  3. A pledge for physicians that remains influential today:

    C. Hippocratic oath
  4. This ethics code superseded earlier codes to become the definitive guide for a physician’s professional conduct:

    B. Percival’s Medical Ethics
  5. Unethical behavior is always:

    C. Unacceptable
  6. Unlawful acts are always:

    D. All of the above
  7. Violation of a professional organization’s formalized code of ethics:

    C. Can lead to expulsion from the organization
  8. Law is:

    A. The minimum standard necessary to keep society functioning smoothly
  9. Conviction of a crime:

    B. Can result in loss of license
  10. The basis for ethical conduct includes:

    D. All of the above
  11. Sellers and manufacturers can be held legally responsible for defective medical devices and productsthrough charges of:

    D. All of the above
  12. Bioethics is concerned with:

    C. The ethical implications of biological research methods and results
  13. Critical thinking skills include:

    B. First clearly defining a problem
  14. Etiquette rules used in the workplace are called

    A) protocol.

    Feedback: Different offices may have different rules of etiquette in the office.
  15. What is the purpose of formalized codes of ethics in the health care professions?

    A) To increase the competence and standard of care within the profession.

    Feedback: A code of ethics allows standards to be set to define competency. In healthcare professional organizations, a standard of care may also be set that all members must agree to adhere to.
  16. Laws applying specifically to the practice of medicine in a certain state are called

    B) medical practice acts.

    Feedback: Every state enacts a medical practice act to provide laws to govern the practice of medicine.
  17. The discipline dealing with the ethical implications of biological research is known as

    A) ethics.
    B) etiquette.
    C ) law.
    D) bioethics.
    D) bioethics.

    Feedback: Bioethics is the term used to describe how we look at ethical issues in biological research.
  18. When a medical office employee acts on behalf of his or her employer, the act falls under

    A) the law of agency.

    Feedback: The law of agency covers the acts of an employee. The other terms describe different parts of the law.
  19. The first medical code of ethics was written by

    B) Hammurabi.

    Feedback: Although Hippocrates and Percival wrote medical codes of ethics, they were not the first. Kevorkian is someone associated with the current right to die movement.
  20. Written codes of ethics for healthcare practitioners

    A) evolved primarily to serve as moral guidelines for those who provide care.

    Feedback: Although codes of ethics are important and have been around for a long time, they are not legally binding.
  21. Bioethics is concerned with

    C) the ethical implications of biological research methods and results.

    Feedback: Bioethics is the study of how biological research.Both its methods and results are ethical in today's society.
  22. The legal principle that says that the physician is responsible for the negligent acts of those employees under his/her supervision is called:
    Respondeat superior
  23. A copayment is:
    A set amount that each patient pays for each office visit
  24. Under this type of plan, insured patients must designate a primary care physician (PCP)
    Health maintenance plan
  25. When physicians, hospitals, and other health care providers contract with one or more HMOs or directly with employers to provide care, this is called.
    A physician-hospital organization
  26. Under this type of plan, a patient may see providers outside the plan, but the patient pays a higher portion of the fees:
    Preferred provider plan
  27. Which of the following is mandatory for certain health professionals to practice in their field?
  28. Tha National Practitioner Data Bank:
    Is accessible only to hospitals and health care plans
  29. Licensure to practice medicine is done by:
    Each individual state
  30. Physicians today practice primarily:
    In group practices
  31. The Patients' Bill of Rights:
    Has still not become law
  32. Statutes legislated in all 50 states to govern the practice of medicine are called

    C) medical practice acts.

    Feedback: Each state creates a medical practice act that governs the occupation of medicine, including licensing.
  33. A centralized system delivering healthcare to a designated group of subscribers for a prepaid fee is called a(n)

    C) managed care plan.

    Feedback: Although sole proprietorships, individual practices, and corporations may deliver healthcare, they may or may not do it to a designated group of subscribers for a prepaid fee.
  34. A health provider agrees to provide medical services to a set population of patients for a pre-paid fee, assuming some financial risk if total expenses exceed pre-paid fees is a(n)

    C) Risk Contract.

    Feedback: In a risk contract, unlike the other possible answers, the provider is taking risk by assuming pre-paid fees. The other three answers do not contain the element of pre-paid fees.
  35. What means of issuing a medical license is made when a license is awarded based on an individual's credentials judged to meet licensing requirements in a new state?

    C) Endorsement

    Feedback: Endorsement is the correct answer by definition. Reciprocity includes an agreement between two states and the other two terms relate to employee-employer relationships, not licensure.
  36. Which of these credentials is mandatory for certain health professionals to practice in their field?

    C) Licensure

    Feedback: Certification and registration are voluntary. Endorsement is a state by state process. Only licensure is mandatory for certain health professionals.
  37. Which of the following is not sufficient grounds for revoking a medical license?

    C) Misdiagnosis

    Feedback: In the options provided, a physician may, depending on the state medical act, lose his or her license for conviction of a felony, unprofessional conduct, or incapacity. A misdiagnosis is not grounds for revoking a license, but that doesn't mean that the physician can't be sued for the misdiagnosis.
  38. When physicians, hospitals, and other healthcare providers contract with one or more HMO(s) or directly with employers to provide care, this is called a

    C) physician-hospital organization.

    Feedback: In many areas, physicians and hospitals join forces to negotiate with the HMOs. It is often done in an attempt to getthe best reimbursement for services.
  39. Physicians today practice primarily

    C) in group practices.

    Feedback: The cost of providing medical care has forced most physicians into a group practice setting.
  40. The President of the United States exercises limited legislative powers when issuing

    B) executive orders.

    Feedback: Statutes are laws. Fines are monetary amounts for violating the law. Public notices simply notify the public of certain things.
  41. The complaining party in a court case is the

    C) plaintiff.

    Feedback: The person who institutes the suit is a plaintiff. The person being sued is the defendant. The court clerk and bailiff of the court are individuals charged with recording the trial and maintaining order in the court, respectively.
  42. Which of the following is NOT true of a tort?

    C) It includes breach of contract.

    Feedback: Torts are civil wrongs, committed against a person or property and may be intentional.
  43. Broad enabling statutes defining an agency's powers and procedures are

    D) administrative laws.

    Feedback: An agency is given power to set policy and procedure by the use of administrative laws.
  44. This type of court is found only in the federal court system.

    D) Military Appeals

    Feedback: By definition, the U.S. military is federal only. The other answers could apply to both the state and federal level.
  45. Battery is

    D) the action that causes bodily harm.

    Feedback: Battery is the actual action that causes harm. People often confuse this with assault.
  46. Dr.Griswold is considering charging interest on unpaid balances. Which
    law says the doctor must first tell the patients of this change in

    C) Regulation Z of the Consumer Protection Act of 1968

    Feedback: The Consumer Protection Act requires notification of interest rates before they are charged.
  47. There are ___ branches of the federal government.

    D) three

    Feedback: The three branches of the federal government are the judicial, the executive and the legislative.
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