Chapter 13

  1. Endocrinologist
    Physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and malfunctions of the endocrine glands
  2. glucagon
    increases the level of glucose in the bloodstream by stimulating the liver to convert glycogen into glucose
  3. epinephrine
    stimulates the sympathetic nervous system in response to stress and other stimuli
  4. hpocrinism
    condition caused by deficient secretion of any gland especially an endocrine gland
  5. leptin
    hormone secreted by adipocytes
  6. somatotropic hormone
    regulates the growth of bone muscle and other body tissue
  7. prolactin
    stimulates and maintains the secretion of breast milk after childbirth
  8. oxytocin
    stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth
  9. pitocin
    administered to induce or speed up labor synthetic form of oxytocin
  10. acromegaly
    enlargement of the extremities
  11. pituitarism
    any disorder of pituitary function
  12. thyroxine
    one of the two primary thyroid hormones, which influence the rate of metabolism
  13. cretinism
    congenital form of hypothyroidism
  14. myxedema
    severe form of hypothyroidism
  15. hypocalcemia
    characterized by abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood
  16. tetany
    characterized by periodic painful muscle spasms and tremors
  17. insulin shock
    caused by very low blood sugar
  18. cortisone
    synthetic equivalent or corticosteroids produced by the body
  19. polydipsia
    excessive thirst
  20. glucophage
    medication which works within the cells to combat insulin resistance and to help insulin let blood sugar into the cells
  21. neuropathy
    damage to the verves
  22. thymitis
    inflammation of the thymus gland
  23. gamete
    reproductive cell
  24. gynecomastia
    condition of excessive mammary development in males
  25. pinealectomy
    surgical removal of the pineal body
Card Set
Chapter 13
Endocrine System