Constitutional Amendments

  1. Amendment 1 (1791)
    Freedom of religion (prohibiting Congress from establishing a religion and protecting the right to free exercise of religion), freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, and freedom of petition.
  2. Amendment 2 (1791)
    • Right to bear arms.
    • McDonald v. Chicago
  3. Amendment 3 (1791)
    • Prohibits the government from the quartering of soldiers during peacetime without the consent of homeowners. Engblom v. Carey
    • Griswold v. Connecticut
  4. Amendment 4 (1791)
    Guards against unwarranted searches, arrests, and seizures of property or without probable cause.
  5. Amendment 5 (1791)
    • Right to a trial before a jury, prohibits double jeopardy, forbids punishment without due process of law, and provides that an accused person may not be compelled to testify against himself (pleading the fifth).
    • Part of the Miranda Rights.
  6. Amendment 6 (1791)
    • Right to a speedy trial.
    • Part of the Miranda Rights.
    • Powell v. Alabama
    • United States v. Wong Kim Ark
    • Gideon v. Wainwright
    • Crawford v. Washington
  7. Amendment 7 (1791)
    Assures trial by jury in civil cases.
  8. Amendment 8 (1791)
    Forbids excessive bail or fines, and cruel and unusual punishment.
  9. Amendment 9 (1791)
    Listing of individual rights in the Constitution and Bill of Rights is not meant to be comprehensive; and that the other rights not specifically mentioned are retained by the people.
  10. Amendment 10 (1791)
    Reserves to the states respectively, or to the people, any powers the Constitution did not delegate to the United States, nor prohibit the states from exercising.
  11. Amendment 11 (1795)
    Clarifies judicial power over foreign nationals, and limits ability of citizens to sue states in federal courts and under federal law.
  12. Amendment 12 (1804)
    Changes the method of presidential elections so that members of the Electoral College cast separate ballots for president and vice president.
  13. Amendment 13 (1865)
    Abolishes slavery and authorizes Congress to enforce abolition.
  14. Amendment 14 (1868)
    Prohibits states from abridging citizens' privileges or immunities and rights to due process and the equal protection of the law; repeals the Three-fifths compromise; prohibits repudiation of the federal debt caused by the Civil War.
  15. Amendment 15 (1870)
    Prohibits the federal government and the states from using a citizen's race, color, or previous status as a slave as a qualification for voting.
Card Set
Constitutional Amendments