SS chapt. 3

  1. Constitutionalism
    a gove of laws not of the ppl; those who exercise gov. power are resticted in their use of it by a higher law
  2. constitution
    legal structure of a political system and establishes gov. authority
  3. Republicanism
    gov by representatives of the ppl rather than directly by the ppl themselves
  4. Nationalism
    belief tht shared cultural, historical, linguistic and social characteristics of a ppl justify the creation of a gov encompassing all of them and tht the resulting nation-state should be independent and legally equal to all other naiton-states
  5. Taxes
    compulsory payments to the gov't
  6. Tariff
    tax imposed on imported products
  7. Common Market
    unified table area in which all goods and services can be sold or exchanged free from customs or tariffs
  8. Referenda
    Proposed laws or constitutional amendments submitted to the voters for their direct approval or rejection (state constitutions only)
  9. Separation of Powers
    constitutional division of powers among the three branches of the national gov't certain checks over the action of the other branches
  10. Judicial Review
    power of the U.S. supreme court and federal judiciary to declare laws of congress and the states and actions of the president unconstitutional and therefore legally invalid
  11. Ratification
    Power of a legislature to approve or reject decisions made by other bodies
  12. Bill of Rights
    written guarantees of basic indvd. liberties
  13. Enumerated Powers
    Powers specifically mentioned in the constitution as belonging to the national gov't
  14. Amendment
    Formal change in a bill, law or constitution
  15. Equal Rights Amendment ERA
    proposed amendment to the constitution guaranteeing that equal rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged on account of sex
Card Set
SS chapt. 3
chpt. 3 gov vocab