1. Force necessary to overcome gravitational force to keep the airplane flying is termed
  2. Ailerons are used primarily to
    Roll the airplane
  3. Ailerons are located
    On the outer edge of the wings
  4. Pitch makes the airplane
    Go up and down
  5. Bank makes the airplane
    Roll or turn
  6. The four aerodynamic forces acting on an airplane are
    Drag, lift, thrust and weight
  7. An airplane wing is designed to produce lift resulting from relatively
    Positive (High) air pressure below the wings surface and negative (Low) air pressure abovethe wings surface
  8. Flight Instruments
    Airspeed Indicator Altimeter Attitude Indicator Vertical Velocity Indicator
  9. Engine Instruments
    Tachometer Ammeter (battery)
  10. Altimeter
    Altitude in MSL
  11. Attitude
    False Horizon
  12. Vertical Velocity
    How many feet per minute climbing/diving
  13. Tachometer
    Engine RPMS
  14. Ammeter
    Batter Power
  15. Forces acting on an aircraft in a steady flight condition (no change in speed or flight path)
    Lift equals Weight Thrust equals Drag
  16. A flashing green air traffic control signal directed to an aircraft on the surface is asignal that the pilot
    Is cleared to taxi
  17. Steady red light signal from the tower toaircraft approaching to land
    Continue circling
  18. Flashing red light signal from the tower to aircraft approaching to land
    Airport is unsafe for landing
  19. Propeller blades are curved on one side and flat on the other side to
    Produce thrust
  20. When in the down (extended) positionwing flaps provide
    Greater lift and more drag
  21. What makes an airplane turn
    Horizontal componenet of lift
  22. What is one advantage of an airplane said to be inherently stable
    Airplane will require less effort to control
  23. If the elevator trim tabs on the airplane are lowered, the plane will tend to
    Nose up
  24. The pilot always advances the throttle during a
  25. The pilot of an airplane can best detect the approach of a stall by the
    Ineffectiveness of the ailerons and elevator
  26. It is ordinarily desirable to provide an unusually long flight strip at municipal airports for thetake-off of
    Heavily loaded ships in still air
  27. A closed runway is marked on an airfield diagram with
    X X X
  28. Over run is marked on an airfield diagram with
  29. The rearward retarding force of airplane drag is opposed by
  30. Cowling is located
    Around the engine
  31. Airport taxiways are identified at night by omni directional edge lights in what color
  32. If the aircraft ammeter is indicating a minus value
    means the Generator or alternator output is inadequate
  33. The angle formed by the chord of an airfoil and the direction of the relative wind is called the
    Angle of attack
  34. Aircraft Structure
    Fuselage Wings (w/ ailerons & flaps) Empennage (tail) Landing Gear Power Plant
  35. Empannage Parts
    Fixed: Vertical stabilizer and horizontal stabilizer Moveable: Rudder, elevator, trimtabs
  36. Power Plant Parts
    Engine Propeller
  37. What does the cowling do
    Helps cool the engine
  38. Propeller creates
  39. What does the rudder do
    Moves the airplane nose left and right
  40. What does the elevator do
    Moves airplane nose up and down
  41. Atmospheric pressure
    Weather changes help lift airplane, actuates some flight instruments
  42. Air Density
    Effects airplanes capability
  43. Less dense air
    reduces power, thrust and lift
  44. Density
    Increases with altitude
  45. Increase temps
    Decreases density
  46. Newtons Laws of Motion 1
    Body at rest remains at rest
  47. Newtons Laws of Motion 2
    Constant force creates acceleration proportional to mass
  48. Newtons Laws of Motion 3
    One body exerts force on another, 2nd exerts force equal to 1st but in opposite direction
  49. Magnus Effect
    Low pressure upward force
  50. Axes of Flight
    Pitch, Roll, & Yaw
  51. Pitch
    Lateral Axis (thru wings) Nose & Tail up and down Elevators
  52. Roll
    Longitudinal Axis (thru body) Wings up and down Ailerons
  53. Yaw
    Vertical Axis (up and down) Wings side to side Rudder
  54. Rudder
    Push left pedal, rudder moves left, moves tail to right and nose to the left.
  55. Secondary Flight Controls
    Flaps, leading edge devices, spoilers and trim devices
  56. Trim Systems
    Relieve pilot of the need to maintain constant pressure on flight controls
  57. Altimeter Purpose
    One of most vital inst. in acft. Measures where acft is at in atmosphere presents as altitude.
  58. Altimeter Hands
    • Short: 10,000's feet
    • Middle: 1,000's feet
    • Long:100's feet
  59. Vertical Speed Indicator VSI or VVI
    Indicates whether plane is climbing, descending or in level flight Ex: rate of climb500fpm
  60. Airspeed Indicator
    • Pressure measured, different colored arcs.
    • White-Flap operating range
    • Yellow-Caution range
    • Red-Never exceed speed
  61. Turn Indicators
    Like a "level", if ball is uncentered aerodynamic forces are unbalanced.
  62. Attitude Indicator
    Miniture airplane and horizon bar. Indicates attitude of airplane relative to the true horizon
  63. Heading Indicator (aka directional gyro)
    Basically compass, not affected by flight.
  64. Turn Indicator
    If aileron & rudder movements are coordinated during turn, ball remains centered.
  65. Magnetic Compass
    Sets gyroscopic heading indicator. 30 degrees appears as 3.
  66. Basic Flight Maneuvers
    Straight & Level Turns Climbs Descents
  67. Rudder moves
    airplanes nose left and right
  68. Aileron moves
    Airplane wing
  69. Elevator control moves
    airplane nose up and down
  70. Flying by attitude
    visually establishing airplanes attitude with reference to natural horizon
  71. Trim
    Used to relieve all possible control pressure sheld after desired altitude has been attained
  72. Straight and level flight
    Main maneuver Constant heading and altitude is maintained Wing tips even with horizon
  73. Level Turns
    All 4 primary controls used (ailerons, elevator, throttle & rudder)
  74. 3 Types Level Turns
    • Shallow 20 degrees
    • Medium 20-45 degrees
    • Steep 45+ degrees
  75. Empannage (cabin)
    not considered a major component of an aircraft structure
  76. Moving the control wheel or stick to the right will cause the right aileron to
    Rotate forward
  77. If the control wheel or stick is moved forward
    Airspeed will increase Aircraft pitch will change
  78. If the left rudder is pressed then the aircraf twill
  79. Mach refers to
    Speed of Sound
  80. As the radius of a turn decreases the
    positive g-forces are increased
  81. As altitude increases in order to maintain the same amount of lift an aircraft must
    fly faster
  82. If a pilot is instructed to land on Rwy 27 using a straight approach, the heading should be
    270 degrees
  83. When flaps are extended
    Drag and lift increase
  84. Which two flight controls are used to control the rate of a turn
    Elevator and ailerons
  85. An aircraft on a heading of 325 is flying
  86. Under normal VFR conditions how much of a pilots attention should be focused on cockpit instruments
  87. Large yellow X's painted on the end of the runway indicate
    closed runway
  88. The axis which extends lengthwise thru the fuselage from the nose to tail is
    longitudinal axis
  89. The transponder code which indicates an in-flight emergency is
  90. The control system used primarily to relive the pilot from having to maintain constant pressure on the flight controls is the
  91. Drag (during climb) requires increase in thrust.
    Need sufficient thrust to continue climb
  92. Climb Types
    • Normal Best rate of climb (Vy)
    • Best angle ofclimb (Vx)
  93. An aircraft instructed to land on Rwy 23L would establish an approach heading of
    230 degrees
  94. The four aerodynamic forces acting on anairplane are
    Drag, lift, thrust, & weight
  95. Moving the control stick to the right or left affects which aircraft controls
  96. The tachometer
    is not a flight instrument
  97. Flaps are generally used
    during takeoff during landings
  98. A flashing green air traffic control signal directed to an aircraft on the surface is asignal that the pilot
    is cleared to taxi
  99. In creating lift
    the air moving over the wing moves faster than the air moving under the wing
  100. The propeller blades are curved on one side and flat on the other to
    produce thrust
  101. On the ground, an aircraft is steered by
    pushing the rudder peddles
  102. Depressing the left rudder pedal would move the tail of the aircraft
  103. An aircraft on a heading of 300 degrees is heading
  104. Supersonic means
    Faster than the speed of sound
  105. What is the standard weight for gasoline used in aircraft
    6 lbs /gal
  106. The pilot of an airplane can best detect the approach of a stall by the
    ineffectiveness of the ailerons and elevator
  107. What makes an airplane turn
    horizontal component of lift
  108. Larger aircraft generally tend to
    land on longer runways
  109. For runway 23L, what does the L indicate
    L stands for the left-hand runway at airports with two runways aligned in the same direction
  110. Tachometer
    indicates the speed at which the engine crankshaft is rotating. Not a flight instrument!
  111. Flaps
    Increase lift and drag.
  112. Compass headings
    • 360 North
    • 90 East
    • 180 South
    • 270 West
  113. 113. Northwest Heading
    Falls between 270 and 360 degrees
  114. Inverse Operation
    Subtraction & Division
  115. Prime Number
    Whole # which can be divided by itself and 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, ...
  116. Addition Answer
  117. Subtraction Answer
  118. Multiply Answer
  119. Division Answer
  120. Factors
    #s that can be multiplied resulting in a whole number Ex: 2 X 3 = 6
  121. Composit Number
    Whole # that can be divided evenly by it selfand 1 AND by at least one other whole # Ex: 46 8 10 15 27
  122. Order of Operations
    "Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally"
  123. Convert fahrenheit to celsius
    C=5/9(F-32), where

    • F=fahrenheit
    • C=celsius
  124. Convert celsius to fahrenheit
    F=9/5C+32, where

    • C=celsius
    • F=fahrenheit
  125. 1 acre =
    43,560 sq. ft
  126. Area of a rectangle
    Length X Width
  127. An eclipse of the sun throws the shadow of the
    moon on the earth
  128. Substances that hasten a chemical reaction without themselves undergoing change arecalled
  129. Lack of iodine is often related to what disease
  130. Under natural conditions, large quantity of organic matter decay therefore
    soils maintain their fertility
  131. The thin layer that forms the front of theeyeball is called the
  132. The most likely reason why dinosaurs became extinct was that they
    Failed to adapt to a changing environment
  133. Which of the following is a chemical change
    Burning one pound of coal
  134. A person with high blood pressure should
    avoid salt
  135. The chief nutrient in lean meat is
  136. Spiders can be distinguished from insects bythe fact that spiders have
    four pairs of legs
  137. An important ore of uranium is called
  138. Of the following the lightest element known on earth is
  139. Of the following gases in the air, the most plentiful is
  140. The time it takes for light from the sun to reach the earth is approximately
    8 minutes
  141. Of the following types of clouds, the ones that occur at the greatest height are
  142. New drug test. Group A takes drug. Group B takes sugar pill. Group B called
    An experimental control
  143. After adding salt to water, the freezing point of the water is
  144. Radium is stored in lead containers because
    the lead absorbs the harmful radiation
  145. The type of joint that attaches the arm to the shoulder blade is the
    Ball and socket
  146. Limes were eaten by British sailors in order to prevent
  147. The time that it takes for the Earth to rotate 45 degrees is
    3 hours
  148. Of the following planets, the one that has the shortest revolutionary period around the sun is
  149. What is the negative particle that circles the nucleus of the atom
  150. In the International System of Units, a measurement for mass is a
  151. What is energy called that is derived from the Earth's internal heat?
  152. Compouds that include fat and oils found in foods and the human body are
  153. Resistance is the tendency for a material to oppose the flow of electrons and is measured in
  154. In order for a lunar eclipse to take place the
    earth's axis of rotation must point toward the moon
  155. A scientist who studies animals would be called a
  156. A group of tissues in the human body which work together is
  157. What is an insect scientist called
  158. A "dalton" is a unit of measurement for measuring
  159. The adult human of average age and size has approximately how many quarts of blood
  160. The smallest of the FORMED elements of the blood are the
  161. Polaris is
    North Star
  162. A fish breathes with
  163. The type of element an atom is is determined by
    the number of protons
  164. Seasons are caused primarily by
    the Earth's tilting on its axis
  165. Planets in our solar system rotate
    counter clockwise
  166. A common name for sodium chloride (NaCI) is
  167. Animals that eat plants AND other animals are called
  168. Which planet in the solar system has the least surface gravity
  169. How many legs does an arachnid have
  170. A herpetologist would be primarily concerned with the study of
    amphibians and reptiles
  171. Excepting the three tiny bones in each ear, how many bones are there in a normal adult skeleton
  172. An elephant can not
  173. Blood is returned to the heart through tubes called
  174. What kind of bird can build a nest which weighs more than a ton
    Bald eagle
  175. Paleontologist studies
  176. Which panet in our solar system has the shortest year
  177. Chloroplasts are found in which type of cells
    Plant Cells
  178. Your forearm contains two bones.
    The ulnaand & Radius
  179. Which planet in our solar system has thelongest day
  180. Which of the Earth's NATURAL elements hasthe highest atomic number
  181. The lowest or most narrow level of theclassification of organisms is called
  182. Water freezes at what temperature
    0 degrees C
  183. W Is burning charcoal in your BBQ a chemical reaction
  184. Where are electrons found in an atom
    in orbital layers around the nucleus
  185. H2O is the chemical formula for
    water and ice
  186. What percentage of elements are metals
  187. How many meters are there in one kilometer
  188. An oxide is formed when an element is chemically combined with what type of specific element
  189. A very strong acid would have a pH closer to
  190. Carbon has an atomic number of 6. How many protons would the element contain?
  191. Elements with the same number of protons but different numbers of neutrons are called
  192. What percentage of the worlds population lives in the United States?
    6 percent
  193. Which is the deepest ocean
    Pacific Ocean
  194. Which of the planets in our solar system has the most known moons
  195. What does the color of a star signify
    surface temperature
  196. Cloroplasts
    help plant cells turn sunlight into energy for the plant
  197. Lanthanum
    has a higher atomic number than uranium but is not a NATURAL element
  198. Nitrogen
    Makes up 78% of the gases in the air
  199. Jupiter
    Has 60 known moons
  200. Pacific Ocean
    averages about 4,000 meters deep
  201. Star color
    Blue stars are hotter than red stars
  202. Pentagon
    5 sided polygon
  203. Hexagon
    6 sided polygon
  204. Octagon
    8 sided polygon
  205. Decagon
    10 sided polygon
  206. Triangle
    3 sided polygon
  207. Quadrilateral
    4 sided polygon
  208. Polygon
    closed-in shape, made up of 3 or more straightlines
  209. Equilateral Triangle
    All 3 sides are equal, the angles of all 3 sides are 60 degrees each
  210. Isosceles Triangle
    2 sides have equal length, and whos eopposing sides have equal angles
  211. Scalene Triangle
    A triangle all 3 sides and all 3 angles are unequal
  212. Acute Triangle
    All 3 angles are less than 90 degrees
  213. Obtuse Triangle
    1 angle is greater than 90 degrees
  214. Right Triangle
    Triangle with a 90 degree right angle
  215. Hypotenuse
    Longest side of a right triangle. Other sides are called LEGS
  216. Concurrent Triangles
    Triangles which are identical
  217. Similar Triangles
    Triangles same shape but not same size
  218. Special Lines
    Indicate altitudes, medians and angle bisections (dashed line you create solvingproblem)
  219. Quadrilateral
    Polygon with 4 sides. Sum always measures 360 degrees.
  220. Parallelogram
    Quadrilateral whose opposing sides are parallel to each other. Opposite sides are also equal
  221. Rectangle
    All angles are 90 degrees
  222. Square
    All four sides are equal in length
  223. Rhombus
    All four sides equal but 2 are slanted
  224. Trapezoid
    two sides parallel but two are not
  225. Circle
    360 degrees Circumfrance is the length around
  226. Diameter
    line going across the circle, 1/2 circle
  227. Radius
    1/4 circle, 1/2 diameter
  228. Perimeter
    Sum of the length of all sides
  229. Pythagorean Theorem
    hypotenuse (long line) equal to sum of thesquare of the legs c^2=a^2+b^2
  230. Diameter of Circle
    pi (3.14 or 22/7 or 3 1/7)
  231. Circumference of Circle
    pi X diameter or pi X radius X2
  232. Area of Rectangle or Square
    Length X Width
  233. Area of Parallelogram
    Base X Height
  234. Area of Triangle
    1/2 base length X Height
  235. Area of Circle
    (pi X radius) ^2
  236. Volume
    inside of 3 dimensional objects (instead of area on flat objects)
  237. Rectangle Volume
    L X W X H
  238. Cube/Square Volume
    1 side cubed (s^3)
  239. Cylinder Volume
    • Base X Height
    • Find base using area of circle (pi X radius)^2, then multiply by height
  240. In chemistry, what are alpha particles
    helium nuclei
  241. The Baume scale is used to measure
    specific gravity
  242. The Antoine equation is used to
    estimate the vapor pressures of pure liquids or solids
  243. Surplus red blood cells are stored in what organ
  244. What region of brain influences body temp, metabolism etc
  245. What causes the stars to twinkle
    turbulent air
  246. Electrons which move thru an electric circuit as current have a
    negative charge
  247. Fire is a form of
  248. Rust is caused by a chemical reactino known as
  249. When heat is transferred through a solid the process is called
  250. At higher altitudes, water boils
    at a lower temperature
  251. What is the name fo the negative particle which circles the nucleus of the atom
  252. When entering a climb from level flight, the weight of the aircraft
    results in increased drag
  253. Turbulence is caused by
    convective air currents, obstructions to wind flow, wind shear
  254. A minimally safe airspeed descent is principally used
    when clearing obstacles during landing
  255. When in the down (extended) position,wing-flaps provide
    greater lift and more drag
  256. An aircraft must travel __________ at 10,000ft than at 1,000ft
  257. Are flaps a primary flight control
  258. What does the term yaw mean
    directional turning from the tail section
  259. The IFF on a military aircraft
    indicates whether an aircraft is an enemy orally
  260. The line on an airspeed indicator to warn that operating above the indicated level is danderous is colored
  261. When taking off into a headwind, the result will be
    shorter takeoff distance and increased climb angle
  262. If the elevator tabs on a plane are lowered, the plane will tend to
    nose up
  263. If one end of a runway is number 27, what will the other end be
  264. Air moving over the wing
    moves faster than the air moving under the wing
Card Set