Rome Review Sheet 2

  1. Romulus and Remus
    According to legend, the city of Rome was founded by the two brothers.
  2. Latins
    The Latins built the original settlement of Rome. First Romans.
  3. Tarquin
    Last king of Rome. Because of him, the Romans declared they would never again be ruled by a king.
  4. Etruscans
    Strongly influenced the development of Roman civilization
  5. Hannibal
    A Carthaginian general, in the second Punic War. Tried to capture Rome, did not.
  6. Hamilcar Barca
    Carthaginian general. First Punic War. Led a successful war against Rome.
  7. Scipio
    a Roman general that devised a plan to attck Carthage. They defeated Hannibal because of him.
  8. Grachi Brothers
    Two brothers who attempted to help Rome's poor. They made enemies with numerous senators who felt threatened by their ideas.
  9. Julius Caesar
    military leader, strong leader and genius at military strategy. Govenor of Gaul, dictator of Rome.
  10. Pompey
    general. Formed triumvirate with Caesar and Crassus. Caesar's political rival, ordered him to disband his legions in Gaul and return home.
  11. Crassus
    wealthy Roman. Created triumvirate.
  12. Octavian
    Related to Caesar. Joined with Mark Antony and Lepidus to create the Second Triumvirate and take control of Rome. Became the unchallenged ruler of Rome.
  13. Mark Antony
    An experienced general. Formed the Second Triumvirate. Became rivals with Octavian. Met queen Cleopatra and fell in love with her. Octavian defeated him.
  14. Lepidus
    A powerful politician. Formed Second Triumvirate with Mark Antony and Octavian. Was forced to retire by Octavian.
  15. Cassius
    senator that plotted Caesar's assassination.
  16. Brutus
    senator that plotted Caesar's assassination.
  17. Augustus Caesar
    He became the unchallenged ruler of Rome. Octavian - accepted the title Augustus. Rome was at the peak of its power while he ruled. First emperor of the Roman empire.
  18. Jesus/Messiah
    His teachings contained many ideas from Jewish tradition. Emphasized God's personal relationship to each human being. Ignored wealth adn status - appealed to the poor. Growing popularity - crucified.
  19. Peter
    apostle. First bishop.
  20. Paul
    an apostle. Enormous influence on Christianity's development. Spent his life spreading and interpreting Christ's teachings.
  21. Apostles
    followers of Jesus who preached and spread his teachings.
  22. Constantine
    gained control of the western part of the empire (after Rome split). Years later he got control of the East. He moved the capital from Rome to the Greek city of Byzantium. The center of power shifted from Rome to the east.
  23. Diocletian
    emperor of Rome. Limited personal freedoms, but restored order to the empire and increased its strength. He divided the Roman Empire into the East and West. He took the eastern half and appointed a co-ruler for the West.
  24. Attila the Hun
    The Huns united for the first time under Attila. Led attacks against the Roman empire.
  25. Patricians
    the wealthy landowners that held most of the power.
  26. Plebeians
    the common people. They made up the majority of the population.
  27. Greco-Roman Culture
    Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman culture mixed together.
  28. Pax Romana
    peace and prosperity in Rome during Augustus's rule.
  29. Punic Wars
    Three wars that were fought between Rome and Carthage. First was for control of Sicily, ended with the defeat of Carthage. Second Punic War Hannibal wanted to avenge Carthage's earlier deafeat by capturing Rome - inflicted enormous losses on the Romans, they prevented Hannibal from capturing Rome. Third Punic War, Rome laid siege to Carthage - set on fire, in habitants sold into slavery.
  30. Republic
    a form of government - power rests with citizens.
  31. Empire
    The Republic ended and a dictator-ruled empire began. Caesar Augustus was the first emperor of the Roman empire.
  32. Legions
    large military units that soldiers were organized into.
  33. Dictator
    a leader who had absolute power to make laws and command the army. Power lasted onlky six months.
  34. Gravitas
    values of discipline, strength, and loyalty
  35. Diaspora
    dispersal of the Jews
  36. Romance Languages
    French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, and Romanian.
Card Set
Rome Review Sheet 2
Rome Review Sheet 2