CFI psych quiz 3

  1. declarative memory
    involves memories for facts or events such as scenes, stories, words, conversations, faces, or daily events. We are aware of and can recall/retrieve these memories.
  2. cognitive interview
    technique for questioning by having them imagine and reconstruct details of event and report everything
  3. storing
    process of placing encoded info into relatively permanent mental storage for later recall
  4. repression
    process of mind pushing memory of threatening or traumatic event deep into unconscious. Once there, memory cannot be retrieved at will.
  5. Network theory
    We store related ideas in separate categories, or files, called nodes. As we make associations among info, we create links among thousands of nodes, which make up interconnected network of files for storing and retrieving.
  6. photographic memory
    ability to form sharp, detailed visual images after examining picture or page for short period of time and recall later
  7. recognition
    identifying previously learned info with the help of external cues
  8. method of loci
    encoding technique that creates visual associations between already memorized places and new items to be memorized
  9. echoic memory
    form of sensory memory that holds auditory info for 1 to 2 seconds
  10. short term memory
    process that can hold only a limited amount of info (average of 7 items) for short period of time 2 to 30 seconds
  11. interference
    we may forget info not because it is no longer in storage or memory but because old or newer related info produces confusion and thus blocks retrieval from memory
  12. chunking
    combining separate items of info into a larger unit and then remembering chunks of info rather than individual items
  13. tip of the tongue phenomenon
    having strong feeling that a particular word can be recalled, but despite making a great effort, we are temporarily unable to recall this particular info
  14. forgetting
    inability to retrieve, recall, or recognize info that was stored or is still stored in long term memory
  15. network hierarchy
    arrangement of nodes or memory files in a certain order of hierarchy. At bottom are nodes with very concrete info, which are connected to nodes with somewhat specific info, which in turn are connected to nodes with general/abstract info
  16. recall
    retrieving previously learned info without the aid or with very few external cues
  17. encoding
    making mental representations of info so that it can be placed in our memories
  18. iconic memory
    form of sensory memory that automatically holds visual info for about a quarter of a second or more; as soon as you shift your attention, the info disappears
  19. long term memory
    process of storing almost unlimited amounts of info over long periods of time
  20. procedural memory
    involves memories for motor skills, some cognitive skills(reading), and emotional behaviors learned through classical conditioning(fear). We cannot recall or retrieve these memories
  21. retrieving
    process of selecting info from long-term memory and transferring it back into short term memory
  22. semantic memory
    type of declarative memory and involves knowledge of facts, concepts, words, definitions, and language rules
  23. amnesia
    can be temporary or permanent, loss of memory that may occur after a blow or damage to the brain or after disease, anesthesia, drugs, or severe psychological trauma
  24. nodes
    memory files that contain related info organized around specific topic or category
Card Set
CFI psych quiz 3
quiz 3