Quiz modules 11 and 12

  1. What is declarative memory?
    Memories for facts or events, such as scenes, stories, words, conversations, faces or daily events. We are aware of and can recall these kinds of memories.
  2. What is a cognitive interview?
    Technique for questioning people by having them imagine and reconstruct the details.
  3. What does storing mean?
    Process of placing encoded information into permanent mental storage for later recall.
  4. Repression
    According to Freud, a mental process that automatically hides emotionally threatening information in the unconscious. (can't be voluntarily recalled)
  5. Network Theory
    Theory that we store related ideas in separate memory categores. As we make associations we create links.
  6. Photographic memory
    Ability to form sharp, detailed visual images after examining a picture or page for a short period.
  7. Recognition
    Identification of previously learned information with the help of external clues.
  8. Method of loci
    Mnemonic device that improves encoding by creating visual associates between memorized places and new items to be memorized.
  9. Echoic memory
    Sensory memory that holds auditory information for 1-2 seconds.
  10. Short term memory
    Can hold limited amount of information, appox 7 items for 20-30 seconds. Sometimes called working memory.
  11. Interference
    The forgetting process, recall of a memory is blocked by new information that overwrites or interferes with it.
  12. chunking
    Combining separate items of information into a larger unit then remembering chunks of information rather than individual items.
  13. Tip of the tongue phenomenon
    Despite making a great effort, we are temporarily unable to recall information that we absolutely know is in our memory.
  14. Forgetting
    Inability to retrieve information that was stored or is still stored in long term memory.
  15. Network Hierarchy
    Concrete ideas are at the bottom of the heirarchy and are connected to more abstract ideas located above them. Most abstract ideas are at the top.
  16. Recall
    Retrieval of previously learned information without the aid of or with very few external cues.
  17. Encoding
    Storing information in memory by making mental representations.
  18. Iconic Memory
    Form of sensory memory that holds visual information for a quarter of a second (Icon means Image)
  19. Long Term Memory
    Can store unlimited amounts of information over long periods of time.
  20. Procedural Memory
    Memories of performing motor or perceptual tasks (playing sports). We cannot retrieve these memories and we are not conscious of them.
  21. Retrieving
    Recalling information that has been places into short term or long term storage.
  22. Semantic Memory
    Declarative memory consisting of factual knowledge about the world.
  23. Amnesia
    Memory loss that may occur after damage to the brain.
  24. Nodes
    Memory files that contain related information organized around a specific topic.
Card Set
Quiz modules 11 and 12
Modules 11 and 12