Hungarian Lesson 030

  1. -z(ik)
    Makes verbs from nouns, consonantal stems require linking vowel (nom. pl.), lengthens a final -a, -e, may or may not form a -ik verb.

    • Do the activity of the root
    • Use as an instrument or tool
    • To supply or furnish an object

    • zongora = piano, zongorázik
    • csavar = screw, csavaroz fasten with a screw
    • fal (-a, -at, -ak) = wall, falaz = to put up a wall.
  2. -l
    Forms verbs from nouns, consonantal stems require linking vowel (nom. pl.), final, -a, -e lengthened.

    To do an activity connected with the root.

    vásár = market (bazar), vásárol = to shop
  3. -ít
    Added to consonant stems, if stem ends in a vowel, vowel is dropped. Makes transitive verbs.

    • szép, szépít = to beautify
    • csúnya, csúnyít = to make ugly
    • fekete, feketít = to blacken
  4. -aszt/-eszt
    Makes transitive verbs with bound roots only.

    hala- = delay, halaszt = to postpone
  5. -ul/-ül
    Forms intransitive verbs of becoming, taking on a state.

    • sárga, sárgul = to turn yellow
    • szép, szépül = to become beautiful
  6. -ad/-ed
    Makes intransitive verbs.
  7. -kodik/-kedik/-ködik
    Makes intransitive verbs.

    • Reflexive verbs
    • Work in some occupation
    • Reciprocal action
  8. -skodik/-skedik/-sködik
    Forms intransitive verbs, -a, -e lengthened, requires linking vowel for consonant roots (o,e,ö), final long vowels shortened.

    To act as the root

    tanú = witness, tanuskodik = to bear witness
  9. -odik/-edik/-ödik
    Makes intransitive verbs. To become as the root.

    keskeny = narrow, keskenyedik = to become narrow
  10. -ódik/-ődik
    Makes intransitive verbs, often added to transitive stems.

    To take one a state

    befejez = to finish, befejezödik = to come to an end, become finished.
  11. -ll(ik)
    To appear to be; to consider to be something, to be too something.

    fekete, feketéllik = to show black, to appear black
  12. -ászik/-észik
    Forms verbs denoting a trade, hobby, action from the root.

    • vad = wild, vadászik = to hunt
    • madár, madarászik = to hunt birds
  13. -hat/-het
    may, can, is possible, might (be), could (be)

    kezd = to begin, kezdhet = may begin
  14. -at/-et
    Causative suffix that forms transitive verbs. Cause/make someone to do something.

    ért = to understand, értet = to cause one to understand
  15. -gat/-get
    Frequentative, to do something repeatedly, to do something for a while, a bit.

    beszél = to speak, beszélget = to converse, to chat
Card Set
Hungarian Lesson 030
Hungarian verbal suffixes: -z(ik), -l, -ít, -aszt, -ul, -ad, -kodik, kozdik, -skodik, -odik, -ódik, -ll(ik), etc.