Complex Societies of East & Southeast Asia

  1. Give 2 facts about the location of Khotan.
    It lay along the Silk Road, and benefited from its location between East and West (P.582)
  2. The craftpeople of ---- created gigantic bronze trees and human heads.
    The Changjiang culture (P.562)
  3. State 3 facts about the Xia Dynasty.
    It was the first dynasty of China.

    It is mentioned in early historic sources.

    It had many kings over a period of at least four centuries (P.557)
  4. The practice of venerating a named 'linga' was shared by...
    ...the Angkorians & the Dvaravati (P.591)
  5. What religious practices did the kings of Angkor follow?
    Venerating royal ancestors & the god Shiva, and honouring a named 'linga' within an elaborate temple (P.585)
  6. What language did the Cham people of coastal Vietnam speak?
    An Austronesian language (P.591)
  7. Subterranean tomb chambers at Lintong, were filled with famous life-sized terracotta replicas of the Emperor's armies, but for who?
    Qin Shi Huangdi (P.569)
  8. What gods did the rulers of Angkor mainly worship?
    Hindu gods (P.587)
  9. Military defeat of ---- was accompanied by so much widespread destruction and looting, that few structures survive intact.
    Paekche, Korea (P.575)
  10. Loulan, which lies at the junction of the Kuruk Darya river and Lop Nur lake...
    ...was a city within the Shanshan polity (P.582)
  11. What have archaeologists found at Anyang?
    A palace precinct with at least 25 buildings covering an area of over 10 ha (25 acres).

    A royal necropolis with 12 subterranean tombs.

    Temples dedicated to the supreme god Di (P.558)
  12. What was the main foreign trading destination of Arakan merchants?
    India, which lay across the Bay of Bengal (P.590)
  13. State 3 facts about the end of the Shang Dynasty.
    It came in 1045 BC.

    It came at the hands of the Tiger Warrior infantry.

    It was orchestrated by the king of Zhou (P.563)
  14. What was Funan?
    A state in modern Vietnam & Cambodia that traded with China & India (P.585)
  15. Which was the most powerful of the early Korean kingdoms?
    Silla (P.575)
  16. Give 3 facts about the Lower Xiajiadian culture.
    It had both large and small defended sites.

    It constructed large, richly endowed elite graves up to 8.9m deep.

    It shows that complex societies were developing in regions remote from the central plains (P.556)
  17. Who was the supreme deity of the Shang rulers?
    Di (P.562)
  18. What was the philosopher Confucius' view of the Warring States period?
    He strongly disapproved of the absolutism and self-interest of rulers during the Warring States period (P.567)
  19. What happened to China's territory under Emperor Wudi of the Western Han Dynasty?
    China expanded its territory a great deal (P.570)
  20. Comment on the documentation of the Zhou Dynasty.
    It is well-documented in the Shi Ji and 'Bamboo Annals', and in the archaeological record (P.563)
  21. Despite adopting Buddhism, Yamato rulers still venerated...
    ...the local kami spirits, who inhabited mountains and other natural features (P.578)
  22. Give one piece of evidence for the extension of Yamato control during the 5th century.
    Inscribed swords bearing Yamato terms and concepts (P.578)
  23. How was divination through oracle bones practiced?
    Applying heat to the bones, generating cracks that were then interpreted (P.558)
  24. What was the complex state society that rivalled the Shang culture?
    The Changjiang culture (P.562)
  25. What did the Chinese believe about the Pyu people?
    They believed the Pyu were civilised, heirarchically organised people (P.590)
  26. What have excavations at Longshan sites revealed?
    Exposed stamped-earth walls, early, pre-Shang inscribed oracle bones, and sacrificed adults & children (P.555)
  27. How were archaeological remains of the Shang Dynasty discovered?
    Through the recognition of archaic texts inscribed on turtle shells used in Chinese medicine.

    They were discovered in the 19th Century at Zhengzhou and Anyang (P.558)
Card Set
Complex Societies of East & Southeast Asia
Adapted from 'The Human Past' ed. Scarre 2005 Thames & Hudson