Understanding Windows

  1. GUI
    Graphical User Interface
  2. What is the advantage of the NTS File system?
    Comes with a better way to organize hard drives and files, but most importantly, security.
  3. What file system was available before the NTFS sfile system?
  4. FAT stands for ...
    File Allocation Table.
  5. What is the major disadvantage of the FAT sile system?
    It has no security.
  6. What is the first version of Windows that gave users a full operating system?
    Windows 95
  7. Which versions did Windows 2000 come in?
    Professional and Server.
  8. Which was the first Windows OS to cater to media junkies?
    Windows XP
  9. Which was the last version of Windows to come in both a Server and Professional version?
    Windows 2000
  10. Which version of Windows XP is the only version that has the capability to log into a domain?
    Windows XP Professional
  11. What is a domain?
    A domain is a group of computers and devices on a network that are administered under the same protocol. (per dictionary.com).

    A domain is a group of networked computers all under the control of a single computer that is running a version of Windows Server.
  12. What is special about a user on a domain?
    Users on a domain can make one login to their computer that will define everything they can do on every computer on the domain.
  13. Compared to XP Pro, what are some things that XP Home does not offer?
    • access to Windows domain,
    • no encrypting file system,
    • does not support more than one CPU,
    • cannot be accessed remotely,
    • cannot control NTFS permissions individually, and
    • does not have support for group policies.
  14. If you want control over folders, files, users and the network, which version of Windows XP would you need?
    Windows XP Professional
  15. What does Windows XP Media Center allow you to do?
    Let's you watch and record TV and organize media files.

    It has a PVR (Personal Video Recorder) program that let's you watch and record TV (you need a TV tuner card) and organize your media.
  16. Name the versions on Vista.
    • - Vista Home Basic
    • - Vista Home Premium
    • - Vista Business
    • - Vista Ultimate
  17. In these Windows version, you right-click on My Computer to determine your Windows version, and select Properties.
    Windows 2000 & Windows XP
  18. In this Windows version, you right-click on Computer to determine your Windows version, and select Properties.
    Windows Vista & Windows 7
  19. 32-bit CPU's can only use a maximum of how much RAM?
  20. 64-bit CPU's can use up to how much RAM?
    16TB of RAM
  21. Who first started making CPU's that could run in 32-bit and 64-bit mode?
  22. Which Windows version began the move into using 64-bit processors?
    Windows Vista
  23. Which Windows operating systems come in 32-bit and 64-bit versions?
    Windows Vista & Windows 7
  24. 64-bit versions of Windows require what kind of CPU?
    64-bit CPU
  25. Can a 64-bit CPU run a 32-bit or a 64-bit operating system?
    It can run either one.
  26. Is the desktop an actual folder on your computer?
  27. What is needed to use Aero?
    A video card that supports Aero.
  28. Name the 4 sections of the taskbar.
    • - Start menu
    • - Quick Launch Toolbar
    • - Running programs area
    • - Notification area/System Tray
  29. Another name for the notification area is ...
    system tray
  30. What is an extension?
    A set of characters at the end of a filename.
  31. Sometimes file names have no extensions. True or False.
  32. How many characters can an extension have?
    2-4 characters.
  33. What amount of drive space is set to default for the Recycle Bin?
  34. Can you set the amount of drive space that you want to use for the Recycle Bin?
  35. What is the purpose of the registry?
    THE registry keeps track of all hardware and drivers that let you use that hardware.
  36. What is the SystemRoot?
    This is the folder where Windows is installed by default.
  37. You cannot choose a different location besides the default location to place an operating system during installation. True or False.
    False. You can.
  38. Where is the default SystemRoot located in Windows 2000?
  39. Where is the default SystemRoot located in Windows XP and Vista?
  40. To find out where Windows is installed, what do you type in the command prompt?
    cd %systemroot%

    and then press ENTER
  41. Which folder in the SystemRoot is actually the operating system?
    %systemRoot%\SYSTEM 32
  42. 64-bit versions of Windows Vista & Windows 7 create 2 directories for Program Files. Which directory do the 32-bit applications go into?
    c:\Program Files (x86)
  43. Almost any configuration done in Windows involves editing ...
    the Registry.
  44. Registry files are also called ...
  45. Name the editor to access the Registry.
  46. A part of the hard drive that's an extension of the system RAM is called ...
    RAM cache.
  47. RAM cache sets aside as
    a "page file," "swap file," or 'virtual memory."
  48. When does "page file" come into play?
    When the computer starts running out of real RAM because too many programs have been loaded, it swaps programs from RAM to the page file, to open up more space for programs currently running.
  49. The default and recommended page file size is ...
    1.5 times the amount of installed RAM on your computer.
  50. How does Windows determine which program to choose to swap between RAM and a page file?
    Windows looks for the program used the least to swap.
  51. Can a program run from a page file?
    A program cannot run from a page file, so it has to be placed into RAM before it can run.
  52. Where is the page file often found?
    The page file is often found in the c: drive as a hidden file.
  53. What is the purpose of the Control Panel?
    Handles most maintenance, upgrade and configuration aspects of Windows.
  54. Errors opening the Control Panel usually means ...
    that there's a corrupted CPL file.
  55. What can be done with the Device Manager?
    Examine and configure all hardware and drivers in a PC.
  56. The red X problem icon means ...
    that a device is disabled.
  57. The problem icon that displays as a blue "i'" on a white field means ...
    that the auto configuration for a device has been turned off.
  58. Where can you update drivers?
    In the Device Manager.
  59. Which versions of Windows do not include a back up during installation?
    Windows XP Home and Windows XP Media Center.
  60. In Windows Vista and Windows 7, personal information can only be backed up using ...
    the Backup Status & Configuration Tool.
  61. Where is the Character Map found?
    The Character Map is found in System Tools.
  62. When is the Disk Cleanup performed in Windows XP and Vista?
    The Disk Cleanup is automatic once the hard drive gets below 200MB of free disk space.
  63. What does the Disk Cleanup do?
    The Disk Cleanup looks for unneeded files in your computer.
  64. What does the Disk Defragmenter do?
    The Disk Defragmenter makes the hard drive run faster.
  65. The Files & Settings Transfer Wizard will not copy ...
    The Files & Settings Transfer Wizard will not copy programs or settings for any other programs besides Internet Explorer and Outlook Express.
  66. To copy everything on your computer, it is best to use ...
    To copy everything on your computer, it is best to use a disk-imaging tool.
  67. What can the Windows Easy Transfer for Windows Vista copy that the Files & Settings Transfer Wizard could not copy?
    user accounts and other settings
  68. What is the purpose of System Restore?
    System Restore lets you take a "snapshot" and return to that state later.
  69. System Restore is found in which version(s) of Windows?
    Windows XP & Windows Vista
  70. What is BitLocker used for?
    BitLocker encrypts files, folders and hard drives.
  71. What is the risk of using BitLocker?
    BitLocker makes data recovery risky.
  72. When a graphical portion of Windows does not work, it is most useful to use ...
    the command lines.
  73. MMC stands for ...
    Microsoft Management Console.
  74. What is the purpose of the MMC?
    The MMC allows you to hold individual utilities in one spot.
  75. What is a good applet to use when building or maintaining a system? Where is it found?
    The Computer Management applet foudn in Administrative Tools.
  76. What is the purpose of the event Viewer?
    The Event Viewer shows you what has happened in the last day, week, etc. including when people logged in and when the PC had problems.
  77. Which Administrative Tool can you use to monitor real-time performance?
    The Performance tool.
  78. What is Windows Vista's version of the Event Viewer?
    The Reliability Monitor.
  79. The small version of Windows designed for PDAs and phones is called ...
    Windows Mobile.
  80. Windows Mobile is only available as what kind of product?
    An OEM product.
  81. OEM stands for ...
    Original Equipment Manufacturer.
  82. What does it mean when a product is an OEM product?
    This means that when you buy the device, it automatically comes with the operating system. You cannot buy the operating system separate.
  83. A laptop with a built-in touch screen is called a ...
    Tablet PC.
  84. The Tablet PC was created to ...
    eliminate the keyboard.
Card Set
Understanding Windows
CHapter 4, Understanding Windows, A+