WEST E English Batch 2

  1. "condition of England" novel
    dealing with teh negative social aspects of industrial revolution
  2. anapest
    • metrical foot. 3 syllables. 2 unstressed followed by 1 stressed. opp of dactyl
    • ex: I must finish my journey alone
  3. dactyl
    • metrical foot. 3 syllables. 1 stressed followed by 2 unstressed. opp of anapest
    • ex: Just for a handful of silver
  4. trochee
    • metrical foot. 2 syllables. 1 stressed followed by 1 unstressed.
    • ex: stories
  5. Bildungsroman novel
    • "formation novel" similar to coming of age but more technical
    • ex: David Copperfield; Great Expectations
  6. blank verse
    meter but no rhyme. often Iambic pantameter. Shakespeare
  7. diamante
    diamond shaped poem. -ing words
  8. elegy
    melancholic and mournful poem. funeral
  9. epigram
    a short poem. satirical. witty/ingenious ending or statement
  10. epitaph
    phrase/statement about one who has died. tombstone.
  11. Existentialism
    20th century. believe that each individual creates meaning in life through free will, choice and responsibility. ex: Albert Camus
  12. folklore
    handed down. songs/stories/myths of a people/"folk"
  13. free verse
    no rhyme or meter
  14. Horatian Ode
    short lyric poem. 2-4 line stanzas, each with some metrical pattern. Often to a friend. Friendship. Poetry. Love. Named after Horace, its creator.
  15. Iambic Pantameter
    • one short syllable followed by one long, 5 in a row.
    • la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH
  16. idyll
    poem that either depicts a peaceful, idealized country scene or a long poem about heroes and ages gone by
  17. irregular (pseudo-Pinaric or Cowleyan) Ode
    neither the 3 part form of the Pindaric ode nor the 2-4 stanzas of Horation. Irregularity of verse/structure. Lack of correspondence between parts.
  18. Italian Sonnet
    consiting of an octave (aabbaabba) followed by a sested (cdecde)
  19. limerick
    short, bawdy, humerous poem. 5 anapestic lines. Lines 1,2,5 have 7-10 syllables and rhyme. 3,4 have 5-7 syllables and rhyme.
  20. lyric poetry
    speaker expressed throught/emotion directly to reader. not character/plot
  21. metaphysical poetry
    • 17th century
    • elaborate and unexpected metaphors, called conceits
    • ex: comparring soul to a drop of dew
    • ex: John Donne
  22. Naturalism
    1880s-1940s. offshoot of Realism. Scientific method to portray characters as products of heredity/environment. Explain why characters are the way they are. Pessimistic. Humans bad. Anti-Romantic. Twist at end of story. Detatched narrator. Nature indifferent. Emile Zola; Stephen Crane; Frank Norris; Theodore Dreiser. American Naturalism focused on lower classes (often immigrants)
  23. Theodore Dreiser
    Sister Carrie 1900 - girl who moves to Chicago and away from Victorian ideals. Knocked at the time but since famous. An American Tragedy 1925. American novelist/journalist. Naturalist pineer. Known for characters whose value lies in their determination, not morality.
  24. Symbolism
    1850s-1960s. Orgins in France/Belgium. Budelaire; Mallarme; Verlaine. (1850s-80s). Evoke rather than present allegories.
  25. Dada
    1916-1922. Anti-war movement turned anti-established art movement. Anti-war in art too. Influenced Breton's Surrealist movement.
  26. Surrealism
    • 1920s-
    • Freedom of imagination. Organized under Andre Breton. Others too. Suprize. Juxtoposition. non sequitor. automatic writing. dreams. express thought.
  27. Harlem Renaissance
    • 1920s-1930s Harlem, NY and Carribean
    • Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston
  28. Langston Hughes
    Not Without Laughter 1930; The Negro Speaks of Rivers
  29. Zora Neale Hurston
    Their Eyes Were Watching God 1937 Seminal work for future black and female writers.
  30. Albert Camus
    The Stranger 1946. French. Nobel prize. Problems of human kind. Influenced Existentialists and Theater of the Absurd. The Myth of Sisyphus 1942 - Huamn condition meaningless. No rational explanation. All absurd.
  31. Franz Kafka
    Czech novelist. wrote in German. Enigmatic and nightmarish reality. Individual lonely, perplexed, and threatened. The Metamorphosis 1917
  32. Theater of the Absurd
    1950s/60s Staged the philosophy of Albert Amus. Abandoned conventional dramatic form to portray the futility of human struggle in a senseless world. Samuel Becket. Eugene Iomesco. Harold Printer
  33. Heart of Darkness
    1902. Joseph Conrad
  34. American Realism
    1865-1910. rural. real. Twain; Crane; Horatio Alger Ragged Dick 1868; Upton Sinclaire
  35. Mark Twain
    Tom Sawyer 1876; Huckleberry Fin 1884
  36. Stephen Crane
    The Red Badge of Courage 1895; Maggie: a Girl of the Streets 1893
  37. Realism
    1800s/early 1900s. George Eliot. Leo Tolstoy
  38. Leo Tolstoy
    • pak of realist ficiton. War and Peace 1869 - Napolean's Russian invasion. Graphic detail. realism. History.
    • Anakarenina 1875 - height of realist novel. transition to modern novel
  39. George Eliot
    • Marian Evans
    • Middlemarch 1872 - sophisticated character portraits. Political like all her works. Victorian period. Realism.
  40. American Transcendentalism
    1830s-1900. Revolt against Harvard and Unitarian church ideas. Ideal spiritual state that transcends. simple lifestyle. Progressive thiners on women. emerson, Thoreau, Whitman.
  41. Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Nature 1836 - essay that is watershed in which transcendentalism became a major movement. individualism
  42. Henry David Thoreau
    transcendentalism. Walden, or Life in the Woods 1854 - 2 year experiment in self sufficiency. Civil Disobedience 1849.
  43. Walt Whitman
    Leaves of Grass 1855 - free verse poetry. obsence in parts. transcendentalism to Realism transition. "Father of free verse"
  44. pastoral
    poem that depicts rural life in a peaceful, romanticized way
  45. petrarchan Sonnet
    14 line sonnet consisting of an octave (abbaabbba) followed by a sestet (cdecde)
  46. Pindaric ode
    a ceremonious poem consisting of a strophe (2+ lines repeated as a unit) followed by an antistrophe with teh same metrical pattern and concluding with a summary line (epode) in a different meter
  47. quatrain
    4 lines. 2,4 must rhyme. 1,3 can but don't have to
  48. refrain
    repeated phrase. often at ends of stanzas
  49. Rhyme Royal
    a type of poetry of 7 line stanzas in iambic pantameter
  50. Roman a clef
    a novel that depicts real life but hides as fiction
  51. Shakespearean Sonnet
    3 quatrains. 1 ending couplet with a twist.
  52. Tanka
    Haiku with 2 extra 7 sylllable lines
  53. tercet
    3 line stanza
  54. Engl Lang: Old English
    450-1100. Beowulf. not recognizable but much shared. Invading Germanic tribes in Britain
  55. Middle English
    • 1100-1500
    • 1066 William the Conquerer, Duke of Normandy conquers England. French becomes elite. 1400s - English comes back as Middle English. much more French. Chaucer.
  56. Early Modern English
    • 1500-1800
    • The Great Vowel Shift 1450-1750 - vowels shorter and shorter
    • Printing Press 1450
    • English Dictionary 1604
    • Shakespeare
  57. Phonological Awareness
    not only teh ability to manipulate phones but larger units of sound like onsets, rimes, syllables, prosody, alliteration, rhythm
  58. Phonemic awareness
    ability to recognize and manipulate phonemes. like breaking down cat into phonemes
  59. Metonymic (essay organization)
    moves from one experience to the next
  60. Synecdochic (essay organization)
    goes from part to whole and back again
  61. Metaphoric (essay organization)
    focuses on similarities that tie experiences together
  62. Emphatic order
    ideas arranged according to importance
  63. Authentic assessment
    calls students to put knwledge into practice in real world or through acting out
  64. summative assessment
    tresting summarize learning up to that point
  65. Listening strategies
    critical (fact from opinion); emphatic/reflective (build trust); deliberative (learn info)
  66. The 5 m's of Medieval Theatre
    • 1. Mummings - yearly rituals. Pagan roots
    • 2. Mystery plays - "cycle" plays. summer. Act out portions of the Bible. Didactic and scriptural
    • 3. Miracle plays - Lives of Saints
    • 4. Morality plays - heavily allegorical and didacticism. death a major focus.
    • 5. Play of Manners - social and secular instead of religions. people acting socially inappropriately.
Card Set
WEST E English Batch 2
WEST E English Language arts