World Civ Semester Exam
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results of the printing press
rapid spread of ideas
a ruler doing whatever it takes to stay in power
Why did Henry VIII break from the church
to divorce his wife
first book printed on the printing press
Why were the people critisizing the Church in the early 1500's
Too worldly, too interested in wealth
Renaissance schoholars were interested in studying this
Ancient Greece and Rome
Renaissance writer with the most far reaching influence
Ideas of the renaissance were spread by this invention
Martin Luther's teachings
Thomas More wrote
What is a sonnet?
14 line love poem
What is a fresco?
Painting on wet plaster
what is satire?
form of comedy
What did the council of Trent do?
ended the sale of indulgences
What was the index?
list of banned books
what did perspective add to art?
What did oil paints do to art
made them more colorful and vibrant
what was the Inquisition?
church court; to find heretics
What is a patron?
wealthy people who hired artists
What is simony?
buying/ selling of church positions?
what is usury?
money making money
what is an indulgence?
selling forgiveness of sins
What does recant mean?
to take back
City of God
birthplace of the Renaissance
Luther posted the 95 Theses here
Luther was excommunicated here
Headquarters of the Catholic Church
common language of the area
someone who goes against church teachings
cut off from the church
studied ancient greece and rome
government leader is the religious leader as well
The Bronze David
father of humanism
Van Eyck created
The Arnolfini Wedding
The Ceiling of the Sistine Chapek
The Gates of Paradise
Dome of Florence
Explorer who covered the most distance
What did the American Colonies provide
raw materials; markets for finished materials
changes in business due to exploration
idea that there are limited resources in the world and you have to go get them
gold and silver (precious metals)
why did they buy insurance
exploration was risky
drawn by the Pope, ended fighting between Spain and Portugal
Line of Demarcation
moved line of Demarcation west
Treaty of Tordesillas
First European country to explore
Why did europeans need slaves from Africa
natives of the Americas died from disease
1st englishman to circumnavigate the globe; second person to circumnavigate the globe
Sir Francis Drake
explored Canada and the St. Lawrence River
1st to reach India by water
opened a school of Navigation
1st to circumnavigate the globe
reached the southern tip of Africa; Cape of Good Hope
defeated the Aztecs
fleet of ships that went after england
source of wealth for spain in the age of exploration
power given by God
Spain was at its highest point in the
longest ruling monarch in european history
most powerful spanish monarch
allowed princes to choose between protestantism and catholicism
Peace of Augsburg
disected human cadavers
discovered by Robert Hooke
calculus is invented by
people who tried to turn ordinary metals into Gold
inventor of geocentric theory
developed heliocentric theory
proved heliocnetric theory using math
observed blood and heart
, carbonated drinks
World Civ Semester Exam