Astronomy Review

  1. At which two positions of the Moon is an eclipse of the Sun or Moon possible?

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    1 and 5
  2. The diagram below illustrates three stages of a current theory of the formation of the universe.
    A major piece of scientific evidence supporting this theory is the fact that wavelengths of light from galaxies moving away from Earth in stage 3 are observed to be

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    longer than normal (a red shift)
  3. The length of an Earth day is determined by the time required for approximately one
    Earth rotation
  4. The apparent daily path of the Sun changes with the seasons because
    Earth's axis is tilted
  5. Predictable changes in the direction of swing of a Foucault pendulum provide evidence that
    Earth rotates on its axis
  6. At which location will the highest altitude of the star
    1. Equator
    2. Tropic of Cancer
    3. Arctic Circle
    4. central New York State
    3. Arctic Circle
  7. The apparent rising and setting of the Sun, as viewed from Earth, is caused by

    1. Earth’s rotation
    2. Earth’s revolution
    3. the Sun’s rotation
    4. the Sun’s revolution
    1. Earth’s rotation
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    2. away from Earth
  9. The diagram below represents the development of our universe from the time of the Big Bang until the present. Letter A indicates two celestial objects.
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    The present-day celestial objects labeled A are best described as:
    spiral galaxies
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    Which location in Earth's orbit represents the first day of summer in New York State?
  11. Which diagram best represents the Sun's apparent path as seen by an observer in New York on December 21st?

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  14. The diagram below shows the Moon at four positions in its orbit around Earth as viewed from the North Pole.
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    Which photo shows the appearance of the moon one week later on May 17th, 2000?
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    • Full Moon
  15. How many days are required for the moon to go from full moon phase to the next full moon phase when viewed from Earth?
    29.5 days
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    How many hours was the lens open to produce this photograph?
    6 hours (The Earth rotates 15 degrees per hour. If you divide 90 degrees by 14, you get 6 hours.)
  17. What does a red shift in light from distant celestial objects indicate to a scientist on earth?
    The Universe is expanding!
  18. Using your ESRT, which electromagnetic radiation has the longest wavelength?

    1. Ultraviolet
    2. gamma rays
    3. visible light
    4. radio waves
    4. radio waves
  19. The diagram below shows the Moon as it revolves around Earth. The numbered locations represent positions of the moon in its orbit.
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    Which moon phase would be seen by an observer in New York State when the Moon is at position 2?
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  20. The photographs below show the surface of the Moon as seen from Earth over an 80-minute period during a single night.

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    What motion is responsible for this changing of the appearance of the moon?

    1. the Moon moves into the shadow of the Earth.
    2. The moon moves into the shadow of the Sun.
    3. The Sun moves into the shadow of the Earth.
    4. The Sun moves into the shadow of the Moon.
    1. the Moon moves into the shadow of the Earth.
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    In which direction will the sun rise on June 21st?
    1. north of due west
    2. north of due east
    3. south of due west
    4. south of due east
    2. north of due east
  23. Approximately how many degrees per day does Earth revolve in its orbit around the Sun?

    1. 1 degree per day
    2. 13 degrees per day
    3. 15 degrees per day
    4. 23.5 degrees per day
    1. 1 degree per day
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    The highest high tides occur on Earth when the Moon is in what positions?
    1 and 3
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    At what moon positions do Neap tides occur?
    4 and 2
  26. The symbols below are used to represent different regions of space.
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    Which diagram shows the correct relationship between these four regions? (If one symbol is within another symbol, that means it is part of or included in, that symbol.)
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    • From the inside, out, the Earth is in the Solar system, which is in the Milky Way galaxy, which is in the Universe.
Card Set
Astronomy Review
Earth Science Astronomy Review