Chapter 15

  1. psychotherapy
    the generic name given to formal psychological treatment
  2. biological therapies
    treatment based on medical approaches to illness and to disease
  3. insight
    a goal of some types of therapy; a patient's understanding of his or her own psychological processes
  4. client-centered therapy
    an empathic approach to therapy; it encourages perosnal growth through greater self-understanding
  5. cognitive therapy
    treatment based on the idea that distorted thoughts produce maladaptive behaviors and emotions
  6. cognitive restructuring
    a therapy that strives to help patients recognize maladaptive thought patterns and replace them with ways of viewing the world that are more in tune with reality
  7. cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
    a therapy that incorporates techniques from behavioral therapy and cognitive therapy to correct faulty thinking and change maladaptive behaviors
  8. exposure
    a behavioral therapy technique that involves repeated exposure to an anxiety-producing stimulus or situation
  9. expressed emotion
    a pattern of interactions that includes emotional over-involvement, critical comments, and hostility directed toward a patient by family members
  10. psychotropic medications
    drugs that affect mental processes
  11. anti-anxiety drugs
    a class of psychotropic medications used for the treatment of anxiety
  12. antidepressants
    a class of psychotropic medications used to treat depression
  13. selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI's)
    work by blocking reuptake into the presynaptic neuron, thereby allowing serotonin to remain in the synapse, where its effects on postsynaptic receptors are prolonged; ex. Prozac
  14. antipsychotics
    a class of drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other disorders that involve psychosis
  15. electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
    a procedure used to treat depression; it involves administering a strong electrical current to the patient's brain
  16. transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
    a current flows through a wire coil place over the scalp area to be stimulated
  17. deep brain stimulation (DBS)
    an electrical generator placed just under the skin below the collarbone sends out continuous stimulation to the implanted electrodes
  18. dialectic behavior therapy (DBT)
    a form of therapy used to treat borderline personality disorder
  19. applied behavioral analysis (ABA)
    an intensive treatment for autism, based on operant conditioning
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Chapter 15