Photo final

  1. 4 factors of exposure…
    • 1-aperture
    • 2-shutter speed
    • 3-film speed
    • 4-amount of light
  2. Camera’s main function
    view the scene you selected
  3. film records...
    the image transmitted by the lens
  4. viewfinder
    shows the picture that the lens focuses on the film
  5. shutter
    opens and closes to control the length of time that light strikes the film
  6. aperture
    adjusts the amount of light reaching the film
  7. Film speed describes a film’s...
    sensitivity to light
  8. diffusion
    scattered, not all coming from the same direction such as sunlight on a cloudy day
  9. smaller the aperture size...
    more that a scene will be sharp from near to far
  10. What affects the amount of light entering the camera and the sharpness of a photo?
    shutter speed and aperture
  11. define a shallow depth of field
    specific abount of sharpness
  12. difine a deep depth of field
    everything in focus (pinhole camera)
  13. Depth of field:
    the part of a scene that appears sharp in a photo AMOUNT OF ACCEPTABLE SHARPNESS
  14. 3 ways to make a shallow depth of field
    • Shallow
    • Closer to the subject
    • Wide apperture
    • Long focal length
  15. 3 ways for a deep depth of field
    • small aperture
    • short focal length
    • far from subject
  16. stop of light:
    measure of light
  17. f/stop is the same as an:
  18. if you over expose your film then...
    it is too light
  19. Exposure:
    how much light is allowed to hit the paper, film or digital or sensor
  20. Developer:
    activates the exposed silver crystals
  21. Stop bath:
    mild acid bath and stops action of develop
  22. Fixer:
    removes the unexposed silver crystals and makes image permanent
  23. ISO/film
    speed refers to the sensitivity to light for the film
  24. grain
    refers to the size of silver crystals
  25. Enlarger printing
    • 1.Put negative you want in negative carrier, emulsion side down
    • 2.Fix it’s aperture and enlarger for good focus
    • 3.Make a test strip, starting with filter 2
    • 4.the test strip is not right go up or down for a new contrast
    • 5.With the right, filter make a test strip again with 20, 15, 10, and 5 seconds
    • 6.Choose which would look best
    • 7.Then make enlargement
  26. Balance/emphasis/contrast is related because...
    they rely on each other to make the contrast of gray, to balance it out and emphasis the picture. Contrast creates the emphasis and the balance makes it look right
  27. Shape:
    an object, any object, that may have a 2-D image
  28. Form:
    3D and encloses volume with width, height, and depth
  29. Dodging
    makes parts of a print lighter than other parts
  30. Burning
    makes selected parts of a print darker
  31. Shutter speeds:
    • 1000
    • 500
    • 250
    • 125
    • 60
    • 30
    • 15
    • 8
    • 4
    • 2
    • 1
  32. Compositional devices:
    • -simplicity
    • -fill the fame
    • -rule of thirds
    • -framing
    • -perspective
    • -leading lines
    • -repetition/rhythm
  33. Robert Capa famous quote:
    “if your pictures aren’t good enough, you aren’t close enough.”
  34. Spot/line-
    a spot/line helps viewer see the main point better and eye connects to 2 spots at once
  35. contrast attracts__________
  36. camera angle can__________a subject
  37. in film speed a higher # is more...
  38. hand holding cameras sutter speed
    1/60 or faster
Card Set
Photo final