Counseling Upload.txt

  1. Abnormal (complicated, unresolved) grief
    grief extending over a long period of time without resolution.
  2. Acute grief
    the intense physical and emotional expression of grief occurring as the awareness increases of a loss of someone or something significant.
  3. Adaptation
    the individual�s ability to adjust to the psychological and emotional changes brought on by a stressful event such as the death of a significant other.
  4. Affect
    is the feelings and their expression.
  5. Aftercare (post-funeral counseling)
    those appropriate and helpful acts of counseling that come after the funeral.
  6. Aggression
    the intentional infliction of physical or psychological harm on another
  7. A.I.D.S.
    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
  8. Alienation
    the state of estrangement an individual feels in social settings that are viewed as foreign, unpredictable or unacceptable.
  9. Alternatives
    providing a choice of services and merchandise available as families make a selection and complete funeral arrangements, formulating different actions in adjusting to a crisis.
  10. Anger
    is blame directed towards another person.

    • Anomic grief
    • is a term to describe the experience of grief, especially in young bereaved parents, where mourning customs are unclear due to an inappropriate death and the absence of prior bereavement experience; typical in a society that has attempted to minimize the impact of death through medical control of disease and social control of those who deal with the dying and the dead.
  11. Anticipatory grief
    syndrome characterized by the presence of grief in anticipation of death or loss; the actual death comes as a confirmation of knowledge of a life-limiting condition.
  12. Anxiety
    a state of tension, typically characterized by rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath and other similar ramifications of arousal of the automatic nervous system; an emotion characterized by a vague fear or premonition that something undesirable is going to happen.
  13. At-need counseling
    a death has occurred and the funeral director is advising the family from the time the death occurs until the final disposition including selection of the services and merchandise during the arrangements conference.
  14. Attachment (Blowlby)
    it is the tendency in human being to make strong affectional bonds with others coming from the need for security and safety.
  15. Attending (listening)
    giving undivided attention by means of verbal and non-verbal behavior.
  16. Attitude
    a learned tendency to respond to people, objects, or institutions in a positive or negative way.
  17. Bereavement
    the act or event of separation or loss that results in the experience of grief.
  18. Chronic grief
    excessive in duration and never comes to a satisfactory conclusion.
  19. Client centered (person centered) counseling
    see person centered counseling
  20. Cognitive psychology
    from the Latin, �to know;� the study of the origins and consequences of thoughts, memories, beliefs, perceptions, explanations, and other mental processes.
  21. Committal service
    the rite of finality in a funeral service preceding cremation, earth burial, entombment, or burial at sea.
  22. Communication
    a general term for the exchange of information, feelings, thoughts and acts between two or more people, including both verbal and non-verbal aspects of this interchange.
  23. Complicated (abnormal, unresolved, grief)
    see abnormal grief.
  24. Congruence
    according to client-centered counseling, the necessary quality of a counselor being in touch with reality and other�s perception of oneself.
  25. Coping
    characteristic ways of responding to stress.
  26. Counselee
    the individual seeking assistance or guidance.
  27. Counseling (Webster)
    advice, especially that given as a result of consultation.
  28. Counseling (Jackson)
    any time someone helps someone else with a problem.
  29. Counseling (Rogers)
    good communication within and between men; or, good (free) communication within or between men is always therapeutic.
  30. Counseling (Ohlsen)
    a therapeutic experience for reasonable health persons. Do no confuse this with psychotherapy which is treatment for emotionally disturbed persons, who seek, or are referred for assistance with pathological problems. A counselor�s clients are encouraged to seek assistance before they develop serious neurotic, psychotic, or characterological disorders.
  31. Counselor
    the individual providing assistance and guidance.
  32. Crisis
    a highly emotional temporary state in which an individual�s feelings of anxiety, grief, confusion or pain impair his or her ability to act.
  33. Crisis counseling
    interventions for a highly emotional, temporary state in which individuals, overcome by feelings of anxiety, grief, confusion or pain are unable to act in a realistic, normal manner. Intentional responses which help individuals in a crisis situation.
  34. Death anxiety
    a learned emotional response to death-related phenomenon which is characterized by extreme apprehension.
  35. Defense mechanisms
    an unconscious, irrational means used by the ego to defend against anxiety.
  36. Delayed grief (Worden)
    inhibited, suppressed or postponed response to a loss.
  37. Denial
    the defense mechanism by which a person is unable or refuses to see things as they are because such facts are threatening to the self.
  38. Directive counseling
    counselor takes a live speaking role, asking questions, suggesting courses of action, etcl.
  39. Discrimination
    treating members of various social groups differently in circumstances where their rights or treatment should be identical.
  40. Displaced aggression
    redirecting anger toward a person or object other than one who caused the anger originally.
  41. Emotion(s)
    feelings such as happiness, anger or grief, created by brain patterns accompanies by bodily changes.
  42. Emotional expression
    the outward expression or display of mood or feeling states.
  43. Empathy (Wolfelt)
    the ability to perceive another�s experience and communicate that perception back to the person.
  44. Euthanasia (right to die)
    an act or practice of allowing the death of persons suffering from a life-limiting condition.
  45. Exaggerated grief (Worden)
    persons are usually conscious of the relationship of the reaction to the death, but the reaction to the current experience is excessive and disabling.
  46. Facilitate
    to assist understanding of the circumstances or situations the individual is experiencing, and to assist that person in the selection of an alternative adjustment if necessary.
  47. Fear
    strong emotion marked by such reactions as alarm, dread or disquieting.
  48. Focusing
    centering a client�s thinking and feelings on the situation causing a problem and assisting the person in choosing the behavior or adjustment to solve the problem.
  49. Funeral rite
    an organized, flexible, purposeful, group centered, time-limited response to death which reflects reverence, dignity and respect.
  50. Funeral service psychology
    the study of human behavior as related to funeral service.
  51. Frustration
    the state of being prevented from attaining a purpose; thwarted; the blocking of the satisfaction of a perceived need by some kind of obstacle.
  52. Genuineness (Wolfelt)
    the ability to present oneself sincerely.
  53. Goals
    adjustment, motivational in nature, to be achieved.
  54. Grief
    an emotion or set of emotions due to loss
  55. Grief counseling
    helping people facilitate uncomplicated grief to a healthy completion of the tasks of grieving within a reasonable time frame.
  56. Grief syndrome (Lindermann)
    a set of symptoms associated with loss.
  57. Grief therapy (Worden)
    specialized techniques which are used to help people with complicated grief reactions.
  58. Griefwork (Lindemann)
    a process occurring with losses aimed at loosening the attachment to that which has been lost for appropriate reinvestment.
  59. Guidance
    support or support system provided to the counselee who is seeking an alternative adjustment to problems.
  60. Guilt
    blame directed toward one�s self based on real or unreal conditions.
  61. Homicide
    the killing of one human being by another.
  62. Hospice
    historically an inn for travelers, especially one kept by a religious order; also used to indicate a concept designed to treat patients with a life-limiting condition.
  63. Illustrating
    detailed examples of adjustments, choices or alternatives available to the client or counselee, from which a course or action may be selected.
  64. Informational counseling
    counseling in which a counselor shares a body of special information with a counselee.
  65. Interpersonal attraction
    social attraction to another person.
  66. Living will
    a document which governs the withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment from an individual in the event of an incurable or irreversible condition that will cause death with in a relatively short time, and which such person is no longer able to make decisions regarding his/her medical treatment.
  67. Masked grief (Worden)
    occur when persons experience symptoms and behaviors which cause them difficulty but they do not see or recognize the fact that these are related to the loss.
  68. Mitigation
    any event, person or object that lessens the degree of pain in grief.
  69. Motivation
    the process that initiates, directs, and sustains behavior satisfying physiological or psychological needs.
  70. Mourning
    an adjustment process which involves grief or sorrow over a period of time and helps in the reorganization of the life of an individual following a loss or death or someone beloved.
  71. Non-verbal communication
    that which is expressed by posture, facial expression, actions, physical behavior; that which is communicated by means except verbally.
  72. Option
    choice of actions provided through counseling as a means of solving the counselee�s problem.
  73. Panic
    a strong emotion characterized by sudden and extreme fear.
  74. Personality
    is a relatively stable system of determining tendencies within a individual.
  75. paraphrasing
    expressing a thought or idea in an alternate and sometimes a shortened form.
  76. Person centered (client centered counseling
    a phrase coined by Carl Rogers to refer to that type of counseling where one comes actively and voluntarily to gain help on a problem, but without any notion of surrendering his own responsibility for the situation; a non-directive method of counseling which stresses the inherent worth of the client and the natural capacity for growth and health.
  77. Persuasion
    a deliberate attempt to change attitudes or beliefs with information and arguments.
  78. Post-funeral counseling (aftercare)
    see aftercare.
  79. Prejudice
    negative attitude towards others based on their gender, religion, race, or membership in a particular group.
  80. Pre-need counseling
    that counseling which occurs before a death.
  81. Projection
    attribution of one�s unacceptable thoughts, feelings, or behaviors to someone else.
  82. Psychology
    the scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
  83. Psychotherapy (Jackson)
    intervention with people whose needs are so specific that usually they can only be met by specially trained physicians or psychologists. The practitioners in this field need special training because they often work with deeper levels of consciousness.
  84. Rapport
    a relation of harmony, conformity, accord or affinity established in any human interaction.
  85. Rationalization
    supplying a logical, rational, socially acceptable reason rather than the real reason for an action.
  86. Regression
    returning to more familiar and often more primitive modes of coping.
  87. Repression
    blocking of threatening material from consciousness.
  88. Respect (Wolfelt)
    the ability to communicate the belief that everyone possesses the capacity and right to choose alternatives and make decisions.
  89. Searching
    preoccupied and intense thoughts about the deceased.
  90. Shame
    the assumption of blame directed toward one�s self by others.
  91. Shock
    the reaction of the body to an event often experienced emotionally as a sudden, violent and upsetting disturbance.
  92. Situational Counseling
    • related to specific situations in life that may created crises and produce human pain and suffering. This type of counseling adds another dimension to the giving of information in that it deals with significant feelings that are produced by life
    • crises.
  93. Social comparison
    making judgments about ourselves through comparison with others.
  94. Social facilitation
    a phenomenon that occurs when an individual�s performance improves because of the presence of others.
  95. Stress
    the mental and physical condition that occurs when a person must adjust or adapt to the environment.
  96. Stressor
    any event capable of producing physical or emotional stress.
  97. Sublimation - redirection of emotion to culturally or socially useful purposes.
  98. Sudden infant death syndrome (S.I.D.S. or crib death)
    the sudden and unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant, which remains unexplained after a complete autopsy and a review of the circumstances around the death.
  99. Suicide
    a deliberate act of self destruction.
  100. Summary
    a brief review of points covered in a portion of the counseling session.
  101. Suppression
    a conscious postponement of addressing anxieties and concerns.
  102. Survivor guilt
    guilt felt by survivors
  103. Sympathy
    sincere feelings for the person who is trying to adjust to a serious loss.
  104. Thanatology
    the study of death.
  105. Thanatophobia
    an irrational, exaggerated fear of death.
  106. Unconscious
    the region of the mind that is beyond awareness especially impulses and desires not directly known to a person.
  107. Unresolved (abnormal, complicated) grief
    see abnormal grief.
  108. Verbal communication
    spoken, oral communication.
  109. Warmth and caring (Wolfelt)
    the ability to be considerate and friendly as demonstrated by both verbal and non-verbal behaviors.
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Counseling Upload.txt
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