King David and Solomon FINAL

  1. David turned Israel into a significant power in the ancient Near East
    "And David became greater and greater, for the Lord, the God of hosts, was with him" (2 Samuel 5:10)
  2. Consolidating the Nation
    • David made the old Canaanite fortress of Jerusalem his capital, a politically neutral site
    • He moved the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem, making it a strong political and religious center to enhance national unity
  3. Consolidating the Nation
    David made the old Canaanite fortress of Jerusalem his Capital
  4. The Davidic (Royal) Covenant
    • David wants to build a Temple but Yahweh refuses; he will build a house or dynasty that will last forever instead.
    • This covenant is one of four major covenants in the Old Testament; Unlike the general covenant of Sinai, this was linked to a particular dynasty
    • After exile, revised to expectation for Messiah or messianic kingdom
  5. Court History
    A vivid, first hand account of the intrigues of David's Court
  6. David is No Stained Glass Saint
    • His personal failures and family troubles foreshadow the civil war that will split his kingdom
    • David spies Bathsheeba.
    • David is confronted by the Prophet Nathan
  7. Overview of David's Judgment
    • David confesses his sin, but it does not remove the consequences of his disobedience
    • His affairs set off a chain reaction of troubles in his house and kingdom (Amnon rapes Tamar, Absalom murders Amnon, and Absalom leads civil war)
    • The turmoil will not end until David's united kingdom is divided at the death of Solom
  8. David's story reveals that Israel's king is not to be defied like the Egyptian Pharaoh
    • The king's power is not absolute
    • He is answerable to God
  9. David is Confronted by Prophet Nathan
    A psalm of David when the prophet Nathan came to him, after David had gone into Bathsheba
  10. David's Consequences of His Disobedience
    • There is intrigue, murder, and rebellion among his sons
    • He ends up as a pathetic, old man, unable to get warm, even though a young concubine shares his bed
  11. King Solomon
    King David is succeeded by Bathsheba's second son, Solomon
  12. Solomon's Wisdom
    • Instead of wealth and riches, Solomon prays for wisdom
    • Two prostitutes dispute death of a son
    • Associated with the Wisdom literature (Proverbs and Song of Solomon)
    • Queen of Sheba came 1,500 miles (perhaps from modern Yemen) to meet him
  13. Solomon's Wealth
    Through heavy taxation and trade, he made Israel a world power
  14. Solomon's Temple
    • Built great temple to Yahweh as a symbol of his wealth and devotion
    • The temple hallowed God's name but could not contain God's glory
  15. Solomon's Royal Harem
    700 Wives and 300 Concubines turned his heart away from the Lord
  16. Historical Reasons for Kingdom Splitting
    • Excessive Taxation
    • Forced Labor: Embodied the best of the kingship through great accomplishments and the worst with a great cost
  17. The Northern Tribes
    At Solomon's death, the northern 10 tribes rebelled under Jeroboam and became Israel
  18. The Southern Tribes
    Benjamin and Judah, remained under Solomon's son, Rehoboam, and became Judah
  19. David and Solomon's Kingdoms
    • After the Civil War, 1 and 2 Kings records the reigns of the two kingdoms
    • Most receive a failing grade from the Deuteronomistic Historian
    • 3.5 centuries of judgment and decline lead to the fall of both Israel and Judah
Card Set
King David and Solomon FINAL