What do you learn when you learn a language?
- -TACIT knowledge (not explicit)
- -Knowledge of symbols at different levels that combine productively.
What are the main parts of understanding the levels of combining language?
- -Semantics and Pragmatics
What is phonology?
Knowledge of sound structure for a certain language
Describe the phonological features.
- 1) Voicing- whether or not folds in vocal tract vibrate.
- 2) Point of articulation-where in the vocal tract air is constricted (labial, dental, alveolar, palatal velar)
- 3) Manner of articulation-the way air flow is altered(stop, fricative, affricate, nasal, liquid, glide)
How are vowels distinguished?
By the position of the tongue on two dimensions; high to low and front to back
What is a morpheme?
the smallest unit of meaning
What is the difference betweene free morphemes and bound morphemes?
Free morphemes can stand alone (ex. help), while bound morphemes must be combined with others (ex. ful).
What is the difference between inflectional rules and dervational rules.
Inflectional rules allows us to add on to a word or alter it by number or tense. Derivational rules deal with how we add on to and combine morphemes to change the form (verb vs. noun) or the meaning.