key terms

  1. In what way does the size of family # of children influence how the family deals with a child with a disability
    • more hands on available to help out
    • greater atomsphere of normalcy
    • more children may absorb parents expectation
    • evidence that parents can reproduce a normal child
    • remind parents that a child with exceptionality is more liked than disliked
  2. family systems theory
    individual members of a family are so interrealted that any experience affecting on member with affect all.
  3. in what way does the disability itself influence how the family deals with a child with disability
    • caretaking demands
    • monetary demands
  4. know the dynamics of each of type of
    2 parent family
    • supportive spouse has the most positive effect on the mother's attitude and behavior
    • spouses share in the emotions, physical care nurturance and concern
    • marital stability maybe threatened
    • marital satisfaction is the best single indicator of family
  5. single parent
    • higher rate of poverty
    • general level of disorganization
    • less choice
    • added role demands
    • lack of time and energy
    • conflict between fulfilling on
    • maybe highly cohesive
  6. blend family
    • children may feel loyality to absent parent
    • children may have to give up adult roles
    • children may have to adjust to living in 2 households
    • financial obligations may cause problems
    • step parent may be uncertain of role
  7. how might the characteristics of each these families influence how the family deals with a child with a disability
    • 2 parents going to love and support of family members
    • single parent is to the same but also have other people like friends to give loveand support
    • blended family is going to have more family members and may actually know other people that have the same style of disability
  8. how could you as an educator be sensitive to the needs of each of these families
    as an educator we have to give all the support we can whether it being flexible with time or coping with a 2 spouse that are divorced
  9. know the culture the child may be seen as punishment
  10. know which culture the greater good of the family is more important than the needs of the individual members
  11. which culture that tend to have a stron kinship with extended family
    hispanic and african american
  12. what are the resources of high SES families
    • more funds available
    • more educated parents
    • more achievement oriented
    • may have a limited support
    • feel the loss of control over enironment
  13. low SES
    • larger families
    • extensive support networks
    • didn't ever assume they had control
    • not future oriented
  14. how does having a child with a disability inpact high SES
    • may lose friend
    • may have to give up free time
    • strain on family budget
    • may deny having a child with a disability
  15. low SES
    • maybe a single parent home
    • may lose friends and family
    • may not have any time to share more work
  16. what are the different coping styles used by parents
    • passive appraisal Ignoring
    • reframing changing thought process
    • spiritual support
    • social support
    • professional support
  17. what are some characteristics of families who live in poverty
    • mothers have the highest rate of depression of demo group
    • maybe unemployed
    • often no consistent male figure
    • parental response are unpredictable
    • frequent move
    • maybe dirty
  18. what can u the educator do to be helpful
    • be supportive give advice and
    • don't judge
  19. what is the impact of a child with a disability on the marriage partners

    • support of partner is even more important
    • matital stability maybe threatened
    • however marriage may stay intact and be strengthen
  20. what is the key factor in mom accepting and dealing with a child with disabilities
    mom will have to raise the child od her household duties and may have to work outside the home for an extra income
  21. what is the divorce rate
  22. what are the cycles of grief

    • denial
    • blame someone else
    • depression
    • anger
    • bargaining
    • acceptance
  23. what is the nonsquential cycle of grief
    • recurring cycle
    • parent may be thrown back into an earlier phase of the cycle and have to go through the cycle again
    • often triggered by memories
  24. what does research on fathers report
    • centainly about the cause and nature of a disability has a positive effect on fathers
    • involvement of the father provides psych protection
    • fathers are more anxious about social status
    • less emotional and more future oriented
    • likely will be the less apparent parent
  25. what are the positive and negative impacts on sibling when there is a childwith a disability in the family

    • olders sister at risk or parentification
    • may have concerns about surpassing on older sibling
    • may worry they will catch the disability
    • maybe concerened about the future responsibilities
    • receive more pressure to achieve
  26. what is parentification and who is at risk
    a temporary or continuous reversal of role between parents and children and it the older sister
  27. what does the research on grandparents reports
    • experience dual hurt
    • sometimes deny trivialize the problem
    • gioing through loss and grief
    • may react with anger
    • support from paternal grandparents had the greatest impact on the parents acceptance of child
  28. extremes of cohesion and adaptability
    enmeshment weak or blurred boundaries
    • over involvement
    • over protection
    • little privacy
    • family focussed decisions
  29. disengagment rigid boundaries
    • under involvement
    • excessive privacy
    • great deal of time spent apart
  30. adaptability
    • ability to change in response to a situation and developemental stress
    • rigid-------------------------chaotic
  31. stages in the family life cycle
    • 1. newly married
    • 2.families with children
    • 3. child rearing years
    • 4.families with adolescents
    • 5. families launching children
    • 6 families in later life
  32. predictable stressors for each stage

    stage one
    developing dual careers and balancing changwith extended family
  33. stage 2
    finances career decisions child care
  34. stage 3
    involvement with school sharing authority extra activities
  35. stage 4
    financial strains loosening boundaries
  36. stage 5
    paying for college weddings helping set up households empty nest syndrome
  37. stage 6
    financial strain planning for retirement paying for health care
  38. child with a disability
    stage 1
    is the disability genetically transmitted
  39. stage 2
    understanding the disability coping with the loss of a dream child
  40. stage 3
    diagnosis may come during school years interaction with may be stressful greater level of stress
  41. stage 4
    disability exacerbaters adjustment in adolescence family struggles
  42. stage 5
    woring with agencies/ employment finding residence providing opportunities
  43. stage 6
    parents must plan for and establish support for long term assistance for the child
  44. collective wisdom
    families and professional collaborate to achieve
  45. seven partnership principles
    • communication
    • professional competence
    • respect
    • commitment
    • equality
    • advocacy
  46. communication
    • be friendly
    • listen empathically
    • be clear
    • be honest
    • provide and coorindate information
  47. professional competence
    • provide an appropriate quality education
    • continue to learn
    • set high expectation
  48. respect
    • honor cultural diversity
    • affirm the family's strength
    • treat students and families with dignity
  49. commitment
    • professionals consider their relationship
    • be sensitive to emotional needs
    • be accessible and available
    • go above and beyond
    • affirm the strengths of the child and family
  50. equality
    • share power
    • foster empowerment
    • provide options
  51. advocacy
    • refers to speaking out
    • advocay is problem oriented
    • advocay identifies a problem
    • preventing problem
    • keep your conscience primed
    • pinpoint and document problems
    • broaden alliance
    • create win-win solutions
  52. defintion of trust
    having confidence in someone else's reliability, judgement, word and action to care for and not harm the entrusted person
  53. where is trust in the archway
    it is the middle of the archway
  54. what are some things that a teacher can do to earn the trust colleagues, parents, and families
    • be reliable
    • use sound judgment
    • maintain confidentiality
  55. why do some parents distrust teachers
    • the effort you invest in the parent and the trust you establish will make it easier for you and future professionals in the family life
    • the cost of distrust is high may lead to mediation due process
  56. conditional trust
    people neither fully trust or fully distrust the other party
  57. how does cultural impact trust
    • it is easier to trust others who share common values, goals, and experiences
    • same racial/ethic background
    • same income level
    • low ses affects student achievement and teacher trust
  58. what are the reasons why collaborations is so necessay in today's school
    collaboration among professional from a variety of disciplines is necessary to improve student learning
  59. definition of collaboration
    is a style for direct interaction between at least 2 co-equal parties voluntarily engaged in shared decision making as they work toward a common goal
  60. why is it important that collaboration be voluntary
    • motorivated and willing participants
    • increased moral
    • voluntary behavior is contagious
    • increased sense of self efficacy and professional self worth
    • ensures that problem will be speedily addressed
  61. what is parity
    each person's contribution is valued and each person has equal power in decision making
  62. characteristics of collaboration
    • parity
    • based on mutal goals
    • shared responsiblilty
    • shared resources
    • shared accountablity
    • follows the step of problem solving
  63. what are some of the barriers of collaboration
    • school structure preference toward working in isolation
    • professional socialization
    • pragmatic issues
  64. what prevents collaboration from happening
    time space material experise
  65. are collaboration and inclusion the same thing
  66. what are attending skills
    • maintain a posture of involvement
    • use appropiate body motion
    • eye contact
    • choose a nondistracting enironment
  67. what are minimal encouragers
    • head nod
    • being attentive
  68. what is paraphasing
    a consise response to the speaker which states the essence of the other's content in the listeners own words
  69. why is paraphasing so important
    it let the person who is talking that you fully understand the conversation
  70. what is reflection of affect
    verbally mirroring back to the speaker the emotions that is communication you look upset,
  71. what is reflection of meanng
    when feeling and facts are joined in one succint response

    you feel_________--because
  72. why use summarization techniques
    • brief restatement
    • tie things together
    • may bring a conclusion to the conversation
  73. know how to build rapport with colleagues/families/parents before problem-solving become necessary
    develop a relationship by gaining respect, establishing trust, model a collaborative approach
  74. what is the most important step of problem-solving process why
    identify the problem if you don't know what the problem is how can you fix it
  75. what is hidden agenda why is this important to know
    sometimes stated problems is really not the problem
  76. what is brainstorming
    is the start of problem solving, giving of ideas for a possible solution
  77. what are some different way to brainstorm why
    • plan-ahead send out statement
    • writing it down
    • add an idea
    • to move the meeting along more quickly
  78. what are the do's and don't's of brainstorming
    write all ideas down

    don't critize and evaluate doing this time
  79. why does conflict occur.
    when 2 or more colleagues can not get along
  80. know the different styles of conflict management
    • competitive overpowering others
    • accommodation set aside own need so other needs are met
    • avoidance try to ignore the conflict
    • collaboraton joining together
  81. competitve
    • advantages
    • ethical issues are at stake
    • when u know u r right
    • dis adv.
    • others may stop interacting with u
    • damage relationship
  82. compromising
    • A
    • limited time
    • issue isn't problematic
    • D.
    • feeling of dissatisified
  83. Accommodation
    • A.
    • conflict is not importance
    • u realize u r wrong
    • D.
    • feeling of being taken advantage of
  84. Avoidance
    • A
    • if time is inadequate for addressing problem
    • when an issue is trivial
    • D
    • Avoidance gives the impression that all is well
  85. collaboration
    • A. when concerns needs are interests of both parties
    • when you want to find innovative solutions
    • No disadvantages
  86. what are some possible reasons that colleagues/parent might be resistant to change
    • fear of failure
    • lack of time to implement change
    • loss of autonomy
  87. what are some way to manage resistance
    • enlist administrative support
    • actively involve classroom teachers
    • identify specific way in collaborative programs can help
    • learn the values of classroom teachers nurture a trusting relationship
  88. what are the stage of group process
    what happens at each stage
    • Instructional groups
    • Decision making group
    • problem-solving group
  89. what is empathy
    listen with ears,eyes and heart be nonjudgemental
  90. what are positive illusions
    regarding themselves, their words and thier futures with positive self-enhancing illusion
  91. what are vertical hierarchies
    professional dominate parents
  92. what are horizontal hierachies
    • powered share relationship
    • equal partners
Card Set
key terms
term for collaboration