- 1. Cerebral cortex
- 2. Cerebellum
- 3. Medulla
- 4. Central nervous system
- 5. Hypothalamus
- decision making
- Act without thinking.
- Coordinating everyday movement
- Loss of balance
Central Nervous System
- Sending signals through the body
- Slow movement
- Heart rate
- Increased hunger
- Difficulty learning
Alcohol- short-term eyes
- blur eyesight
- hard to adjust to light
- harder to absorb calcium
What effects drunk level?
- body size
- food (slows it down)
- amount & rate of intake
medication has different or greater effect when taken with alcohol.
Alcohol effects what in nervous system?
Alcohol- short-term brain
- Less able to control body
- Impaired movement, speech, & vision.
Alcohol- short-term memory
- Thought processes disorganized.
- Memory & concentration dulled
Alcohol- short-term judgement
- Judgement altered.
- Coordination impaired.
Alcohol- short-term heart
- With a little, heart increases. With more, decreases (depressant).
- Irregular heart rate.
Alcohol- short-term blood vessels
- Expand, causing increased surface area.
- Temperature drop.
Alcohol effects what in cardiovascular system?
Alcohol effects what in digestive system?
Alcohol effects what in respiratory system?
Alcohol- short-term stomach
- Increase stomach acid
- Nausea & vomiting
Alcohol- short-term liver
- Releases toxic chemicals as it metabolizes alcohol.
- Inflammation & scarring
Alcohol- short-term kidneys
- Increase urine
Alcohol- short-term lungs
Exhales CO2 from liver
Alcohol- short-term breathing
Effects nerves, so with a lot, breathing may become slow, irregular, or stop.
Alcohol and drug interactions
- Slow absorbtion-increase side effects
- Increase metabolism-borken down faster, less effective
- Increase effect
- Metabolism can change medications into chemicals that damage organs.
Drinking to get drunk; 5 or more beers in one sitting.
Sever and potentially fatal physical reaction to alcohol overdose.
How much alcohol is oxidized per hour?
3-7x more than tobacco
Stuck, don't want to do anything. No motivation.
Marijuana harvested from
Alcohol long-term brain
- loss of functions (verbal, memory, vision)
- damage (reduced size & cell)
Alcohol long-term cardiovascular
- heart damage
- enlarged heart
- high blood pressure
Alcohol long-term liver
- Fatty liver- fat builds, can't be broken down, blocks blood & kills liver cells.
- Alocoholic hepatitis-inflammation/infection
- Cirrhosis- liver tissue replaced by useless scar tissue
Alcohol long-term digestive
Alcohol long-term pancreas
Lining swells and blocks passage from pancreas to small intestine. digestive chemicals can't escape & destroy it.
Fetal alcohol syndrome
- alcohol-related birth defect.
- small head
- slow growth and learning
- addicted to alcohol
physical or physchological addiction to alcohol.
process of learning to live an alcohol-free life.
living without alcohol.
Alcohol is _____, not __________ (Stomach)
absorbed, not digested
Blood alcohol level
measures amount of alcohol in the blood.
What level dpoes breathing stop?
- personality changes
- denies drinking
- drinks frequently
- increased tolerance
Middle stage alcoholism
- drinks in morning
- drinks at work/school
- noticeable signs
- memory loss
- doesn't keep promises
- lives to drink
- ignores hygeine
- liquor more important than family/friends/job
- liver disease
- decreased tolerance
Chemicals that affect the chemical nervous system and alter activity in the brain.
- crystal meth
- rohypnol (roophies)
drugs that speed up the central nervous system
Drugs that slow down the central nervous system
- specific drugs derived from the opium plant that are obtainable only by prescription.
- relieve pain.
drugs that alter moods, thoughts, and sense perceptions including vision, hearing, smell, and touch.
- synthetic substances meant to imitate the effects of hallucinogens and other dangerous drugs.
- can be 100 times more powerful (ecstacy)
- household cleaners/products that are inhaled
- aerosal cans