kin 252

  1. Motor behavior includes 4 ares of kinesiology
    exercise physiology, biomechanics, sport psychology, sport sociology
  2. exercise physiology
    recruitment; motor units; neuromuscular junction
  3. biomechanics
    kinetics; kinematics; neuromuscular control
  4. sport psychology
    motivation; inverted U hypothesis
  5. sport sociology
    reasoning for specific behavior
  6. motor control
    underlying mechanisms; behavioral& neural; changes with learning; walking, running, jumping, kicking, throwing = fine motor control
  7. motor learning
    how we learn and facilitate learning; relatively permanent changes in skill performance resulting from practice; expert vs. novice
  8. motor devlopment
    milestones; fundamental motor patterns and changes
  9. developmental coordination disorders
    down's syndrome, developmental dyslexia, cerebral palsy
  10. aging/lifespan
    balance; learning/memory disease (alzheimer's)
  11. control and learning issuses
    different from young adults = specific problems and specific advatages
  12. ADL's
    activities of daily living; gerontology minor available
  13. the brain (aging/lifestyle)
    decreases in size; cells die; fewer connections; fewer support cells; plasticity is still evident = changes based on interaction with the environment
  14. history of motor behavior-motor learning
    world war II military and air force; physical education and sports
  15. history of motor behavior-motor control
    neurophysiology; cognitive experimental
  16. history of motor behavior-motor development
    growth and maturation; motor milestones; fundamental motor skills
  17. Motor equivalence
    accomplishing the same goal in more than one way
  18. feedback
    primary sensory information
  19. reaction time
    speed of information processing
  20. attention
    effortful and limited processing; multitasking = interference; automaticity depends on experience and practice
  21. physical activity
    more exercise = less cognitive decline
  22. cardio health
    those who engage in 4 or more activities regularly have half the risk of dementia; not absolute energy expenditure, but number of activities
  23. cognition
    increased blood flow; Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor; work in conjunction with estrogen
  24. exercise physiology
    study of acute physiological responses to physical activity and the changes in physiological responses to chronic physical activity. Serves as the foundation for conditioning, fitness, and rehabilitation programs
  25. goals of exercise physiology
    to use physiology principles and measurement techniques to understand health benefits of physical activity, improve sport performance, and improve physical fitness
  26. research/study topics-exercise physiology
    • heart&lung function-acute&chronic effects
    • muscle-strenght, mass, & function
    • endocrine & immune systems
    • skeletal- bone health
    • metabolism-nutrient process
    • disease processes-diabetes, heart disease, musculo-skeletal, cancer, immune disorders
  27. development of speedo lazer racer
    • physiology-oxygen uptake and economy
    • biomechanics-drag, resistance, & propulsion
    • engineering- fluid dynamics
    • textiles-fabric properties & water repellent (amt of polyurithane that is allowed to be used per suit is low)
    • anatomy-athlete fit
    • CFD-computational fluid dynamics, allows visual of water flow, red=high drag, blue=low drag
  28. testing of speedo lazer racer
    • mannequin flume drag tests
    • athlete body scanning-to determine patters for different suit sizes
    • swimmer economy tests in flume-lower VO2 = less effort required for given speed
    • australian institute of sport pool testing
  29. Timeline of speedo lazer racer development
    • began in 2004
    • used in 2008 olympics
    • approved in 2009
  30. Cardiovascular disease
    starts at an early age, due to smoking, drugs, not exercising, poor diet/eating habits
  31. nisting figure
    ecological model of factors that affect health
  32. signs of CVD
    high BMI, high blood pressure, high cholesterol
  33. Clinical and Commercial fitness jobs/careers/options
    • private fitness center-desk, manager, owner
    • corporate wellness and health promotion
    • public health agencies-profit-non-profit
    • personal trainer
    • strength and conditioning coach
    • clinical
    • cardiac rehabilitation
    • group fitness instructors
    • physical/occupational therapy
    • chiropractic medicine
    • physicians assistant/medical doctor
    • graduate school-more experience=more opportunities/options
  34. start work at entry level
    shadow professionals, volunteer, join clubs/organizations, pre-internships opportunities
  35. developing a program from training
    • assessment=diagnostic or functional
    • methods of finding fitness capacity of healthy clients
    • maximal testing = as hard and long as possible until can't go any more
    • sub-maximal = has a set limit to be reached in a certain amount of time
    • make sure it fits you and your clients- time constraints, goals, limits, equipment
  36. Sport instruction and coaching
    • rewarding and satisfying
    • allow you to change the behavior of those you work with
    • roles of instructor and coach significantly overlap
  37. settings
    • elementary
    • colleges
    • youth sport agencies
    • golf courses/tennis centers
    • private sport clubs
    • fitness centers
  38. how to become a coach
    • attend college classes
    • get certified
    • obtain a license though an endorsement or authorization
  39. issues and topics of importance
    • parent-coach relationships
    • ethical behavior-athletes and coaches
    • youth sport
    • fitness and health related activities
    • mega-sport events
    • outdoor recreation
    • leisure
  40. iowa coaching requirements
    • physiology or anatomy
    • growth and development
    • athletic training
    • coaching theory
    • ethics of coaching
    • FBI background check
    • child and dependent adult abuse training
  41. community sport and recreation
    • broad field requiring diverse preparation
    • major focus on marketing and management issues
    • need to understand sport tourism and recreation
    • youth sport
    • fitness and health related activities
  42. sport tourism
    • extremely competitive
    • important economic development tool
    • ex. olympics; professional sports tournaments; ncaa world series
    • careers: management w/recreation and sport organizations (YMCA); management w/ city or state; convention and visitors organizations; sport and leisure; event marketing and managing
  43. Perfomance enhancing substances
  44. athletes and non-sport violence
    • college athletes compose 3% of male student body
    • responsible for 19% of college sexual assaults
    • responsible for 35% of college domestic violence cases
  45. sociology
    • study of all aspects of social life, including all forms of interactions and relationships
    • behavior= function (person, environment)
  46. undergrad course-sociology
    • critical thinking of physical activity
    • analyze social problems and issues associated w/ physical activity
    • look beyond issue of physical performance and scores/rank
    • learn how to make informed decisions about involvement
    • brainstorm how physical activity can be transformed to provide mostly positive experiences
  47. Aging & immunity
    can aging and associated decline in immunity response be reversed by exercise?
  48. topics of aging/immunity
    • impact of aging on infection and immunity
    • age-related changes in physical activity
    • age-related diseases
    • age-related changes in structure/function of barriers, skin & mucus
    • lung defenses- respiratory infections are leading cause of death due to infectious disease in elderly
  49. methods to restore immunocompetence among the aged
    • caloric restriction
    • endocrine manipulations
    • grafting of cells/tissue
    • thymic peptides
    • antioxidants
    • diverse exercise routine
Card Set
kin 252
final exam