english terms

  1. Alliteration
    the use of the same consonant ( consonantal alliteration ) or of a vowel, not necessarily the same vowel ( vocalic alliteration ), at the beginning of each word or each stressed syllable in a line of verse, as in around the rock the ragged rascal ran
  2. Metaphor
    Compare simile a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action that it does not literally denote in order to imply a resemblance, for example he is a lion in battle
  3. synecdoche
    a figure of speech in which a part is substituted for a whole or a whole for a part, as in 50 head of cattle for 50 cows, or the army for a soldier
  4. metonymy
    • –noun Rhetoric .
    • a figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another to which it is related, or of which it is a part, as “scepter” for “sovereignty,” or “the bottle” for “strong drink,” or “count heads (or noses)” for “count people.”
  5. simile
    • a figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared, as in “she is like a rose.” Compare metaphor.
    • 2.
    • an instance of such a figure of speech or a use of words exemplifying it.
  6. apostrophe
    • –noun Rhetoric .
    • a digression in the form of an address to someone not present, or to a personified object or idea, as “O Death, where is thy sting?”
  7. oxymoron
    n , pl -mora

    rhetoric an epigrammatic effect, by which contradictory terms are used in conjunction: living death ; fiend angelical
  8. onomatopoeia
    • noun
    • 1.
    • the formation of a word, as cuckoo or boom, by imitation of a sound made by or associated with its referent.
    • 2.
    • a word so formed.
    • 3.
    • Rhetoric . the use of imitative and naturally suggestive words for rhetorical effect.
  9. allusion
    • a passing or casual reference; an incidental mention of something, either directly or by implication: an allusion to Shakespeare.
    • 2.
    • the act of alluding.
  10. personification
    the attribution of human characteristics to things, abstract ideas, etc, as for literary or artistic effect
  11. hyberbole
    • obvious and intentional exaggeration.
    • 2.
    • an extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally, as “to wait an eternity.”
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english terms
poem vocabulary