1. The extinction of one's sense of separation existence before achieving union with Allah
    Al- fana
  2. For the Australian Aboriginal religion, they are the supernatural beings (or deities) who emerged and roamed the earth, they gave shape to the landscape and created various forms of life. When it is lowercased, it refers to the deceased who can assist the living while requiring religious devotion.
  3. One who has become enlightened; the ideal type for Theravada Buddhism
  4. material success and social prestige, one of four goals in life
  5. one who renounces physical pleasures and worldly attachments for the sake of spiritual advancement; common in Hinduism and many other religious traditions, most notably Jainism
  6. The eternal Self, which the Upanishads identify with brahman; the eternal self or soul of tan individual that is reincarnated from one body to the next
  7. Common to many religions, an entity such as a mountain, tree or pole that is believed to connect the heavens and the earth, and is sometimes regarded as the center of the world
    Axis mundi
  8. A short section of the epic poem Mahabharata in which the god Krishna teaches the great warrior Arjuna about bhakti marga and other ways to God; Hinduism's most popular sacred text
    Bhagavad- Gita
  9. An account holding that the universe was created through an explosion about thirteen billion years ago resulting in the rapid expansion of matter, energy, time, and space
    Big bang theory
  10. Future Buddhas
  11. The eternal essence of reality and the source of the universe, beyond the reach of human perception and thought.
  12. The highest of the four classes of the caste system, made up of priests
  13. Siddhartha Gautama and all others who have by their own insight attained perfect enlightenment.
  14. The military and political leaders of the Muslim community who succeeded Muhammad after his death
  15. Traditional division of Hindu society into various categories
    Caste system
  16. The understanding of the nature of the universe
  17. believed to be an incarnation of the bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara
    Dalai Lama
  18. The evolutionary theory, holding that human life originated from the simplest life- forms, that each generation of life passes on to the next generation the genetic traits that best enabled it to survive and reproduce over time this process has led to a variety of increasingly complex life forms
  19. Ethical duty based on the divine order of reality; one of the four goals of life
  20. The teachings of the Buddha, and one of the Three Jewels of Buddhism
  21. The use of various techniques, such as throwing bones or shells and then interpreting the pattern in which they fall, for gaining knowledge about an individual’s future or about the cause of a personal problem; important among many religions worldwide.
  22. Ritual practitiones who specialize in the art of divination
  23. the basic Buddhist insight that suffering is part of the human condition.
  24. the capacity for seeing things from another�s perspective, and an important methodological approach for studing religions
  25. A dimension of religion that deals with how we are to act while living in the world
  26. Experience of the divine or holy presence sometimes involving intellectual belief and sometimes emphasizing personal trust
  27. Specific religious and ethical requirements for Muslims: The confession of faith, prayer or worship, fasting, wealth sharing, and the pilgrimage to Mecca
    Five Pillars
  28. The basic moral requirements that are binding for all Buddhists.
    Five Precepts
  29. The central teachings of Buddhism: to live is to suffer; suffering is caused by desirel the cessation of suffering can be achived
    Four Noble Truths
  30. In its strictest sense, and emphasis on a literal interpretation of a religion's sacred texts and primary teachings. In a more general sense, an intensely traditionalist form of religion impelled by reaction against modern forces and the religious reforms they encourage; it tends to reject diversity of interpretation in favor of an authoritarian approach that insists on one "true" interpretation.
  31. The journey to Mecca that all Muslims are to make at least once iin their lifetime, if they can afford it and are physically able.
  32. The emigration of Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Yathrib in A.D. 622; the founding event of the Muslim community
  33. The leader of the Friday worship service who directs the prayers and delivers a sermon
  34. Sometimes counted as the sixth pillar of Islam, the general spiritual struggle to be a devout Muslim. In a more narrow context, it refers to armed struggle for the sake of Islam
  35. The stone cubical structure in the courtyard of the Great Mosque of Mecca, believed to be built by Abraham and regarded by Muslims as the sacred center of the earth
  36. Pleasure, especially of sensual love; one of the four goals of life
  37. The moral law of cause and effect of actions; determines the nature of one's reincarnation
  38. The moral law of cause and effect of actions; determines the nature of one's rebirth
  39. The second of the four classes of the caste system, made up of warriors and administrators
  40. The largest of Buddhism's three divisions prevalent in China, Japan, and Korea; encompasses a variety of forms, including those that emphasize devotion and prayer
  41. Patterned icons that visually excite
  42. Phrases or syllables chanted to evoke a deity or to enhance meditation
  43. Cosmic illusion brought about by divine creative power
  44. A basic Buddhist teaching that rejexts both the pleasures of sensual indulgence and the self- denial of asceticism, focusing instead on a practical approach to spiritual attainment
    Middle Way
  45. Liberation or release of the individual self, atman, from the bondage of samsara; salvation; one of the four goals of life
  46. the doctrine that reality is ultimately made up of only one essence
  47. The Muslim place or building of worship, traditionally including a prayer hall and courtyard, with towers called minarets at the corners
  48. Choreographed hand movements
  49. A category of religious experiences characterized by communing or uniting with the divine through inward contemplation
  50. a story (often recorded in scripture) that tends to answer questions of origins and serves as a source of sacred truth
  51. a relatively recent field incorporating psychological and biological studies of religion, focusing on the brain�s involvement in religious experience and ritual
  52. The ultimate goal of all Buddhists, the extinction of desire and any sense of individual selfhood
  53. defines the basic practices of Buddhism that lead to nirvana
    Noble Eightfold Path
  54. An ancient language of India, similar to Sanskrit but more commonly understood, and used in the writing of the earlies Buddhist texts
  55. the belief that the divine reality exists in everything
  56. The most popular of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing loving devotion to one's chosen god or goddess.
    Path of Devotion
  57. One of three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing knowing the true nature of reality through learning and meditation
    Path of Knowledge
  58. One of three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing performing right actions according to dharma
    Path of Works
  59. Islam's primary sacred text, regarded by Muslims as the direct words of Allah, revealed to Muhammad through the archangel Gabriel.
  60. The ninth month of the Islamic lunar calender, a period during which Muslims fast
  61. The transmission of the divine will or knowledge to human beings, typically through myths or some form of religious experience
  62. A collection of 1,017 Sanskrit hymns composed about 1500 BC or earlier; Hinduism's oldest sacred text
    Rig Veda
  63. Formal worship practice, often based on the re-enactment of a myth
  64. A trancelike state in which selfconsciousness is lost, and the mind is absorbed into the ultimate reality; the culmination of the eight steps of Yoga
  65. The wheel of rebirth or reincarnation; the this-worldly realm in which rebirth occurs
  66. The Buddhist community of monks and nuns; one of the Three Jewels of Buddhism
  67. A system of Hindu philosophy and one approach within jnana marga, "the path of knowledge," asserting that reality comprises two distinct categories: matter and eternal selves.
  68. a wandering ascetic who has advanced to the fourth and highest stage of life
  69. The worldview that science is the only valid method of acquiring knowledge/ wisdom Scientism
  70. the worldview that ultimate value is grounded entirely in the human realm, not in the divine
    Secular humanism
  71. The confession of faith, creedal statement of Islam: "There is no god except God. Muhammad is the messenger of God."
  72. The devine law, encompassing all and setting forth in detail how Muslims are to live
  73. A teacher and master in Islam
  74. The division of Islam dominant in Iraq and Iran, originating as a result of an early dispute over leadership
  75. the lowest of the four classes made up of servants and laborers
  76. The form of Islam characterized by a mystical approach to Allah, who is experienced inwardly
  77. Ritual of the Lakota and other tribes of the North American Plains that celebrates the new year and prepares the tribe for the annual buffalo hunt; performed in the late spring or early summer in a specially constructed lodge.
    Sun Dance
  78. The teachings and actions of Muhammad recorded in writings known as hadith, which provided the model for being Muslim. second most authority
  79. the division of Islam practiced by most Muslims
  80. A system of social ordering that dictates that specific objects and activities, owing to their sacred nature, are set aside for specific groups and are strictly forbidden to others; common to many primal peoples.
  81. selfish desire, which causes dukkha
  82. The mythic time of Australian Aboriginal religion when the Ancestors inhabited the earth
    The Dreaming
  83. Sri Lanka, and Thailand; focuses on the earliest texts and emphasizes monastic lifestyle
  84. Characteristics that summarize the changing nature of reality
    Three marks of Existence
  85. A natural entity, such as an animal or a feature of the landscape, that symbolizes an individual or group and that has special significance for the religious life of that individual or group; a common motif among Australian Aborigines and other primal peoples.
  86. Within religious traditions, a common reaction to rapid changes in the surrounding world, involving the maintenance of older forms of belief and practice regardless of new social norms
  87. Overcoming the normal limitations imposed by the human condition. This gift enables people to live fully in the human condition, with all its joys and sorrows, while maintaining an underlying state of joy and tranquility
  88. A type of supernatural being who tends to disrupt the normal course of life, found among many primal peoples
    Trickster figure
  89. The community of all Muslims
  90. A collection of over two hundred texts composed between 900 and 200 B.C. that provide philosophical commentary on the Vedas.
  91. the third of the four classes of the caste system, made up of producers, farmers, merchants, and artisans
  92. Named for vajra, the Buddha's diamond scepter prevalent form of Buddhism in Vajrayana
  93. emphasizes the harnessing of sensual energies
  94. A system of Hindu philosophy and one approach within jnana marga, "the path of knowledge," holding that all reality is essentialy Brahmanl most notable advocate is the medieval Hindu philosopher Shankara.
  95. A means of seeking spiritual power through an encounter with a guardian spirit or other medium, usually in the form of an animal or other natural entity, following a period of fasting and other forms of self-denial; common to many primal peoples, including the Lakota and other tribes of the North American Plains
    Vision quest
  96. Lakota name for the supreme reality, often referring collectively to sixteen separate deities
    Wakan Tanka
  97. A system of Hindu philosophy and one approach within jnana marga, "the path of knowledge," seeeking to free the eternal self from the bondage of personhood, culminating in the experience of samadhi; lowercase: physical and psychological techniques for spiritual advancement.
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