What % of African Americans make up the US population?
Most slaves came from what part of Africa?
West & Central Africa
An Attorney that claimed that in reality seperate black public schools are bound to be poorer. He was the Attorney for Brown vs. The Board of Education. He was the first African American to be on the US Supreme Court.
Most African Americans live where in the US?
In the South, because the slave trade came into port in the South because they were coming from Africa.
Omnibus Civil Rights Bill
Passed in 1964. It banned all racial discrimination in public accomodations and voting registration.
What % of African Americans lived in poverty in 1966 and 1988?
41.8% in 1966 and 26.1% in 1988
What two key measurements indicate that African Americans are less healty than whites?
Infant mortality rate and life expectancy.
Doctor Ralph Bunche
Helped Dr. Marin Luther King found the United Nations and received the Nobel Peach Prize
The Chairman of the Joint Chief of Staff. Was responsible for coordinating the US Military effort in Iraq in 1991 under the presedency of George H. W. Bush. He became the Secretary of State when George Bush became President.
The % of single parent families headed by a female.
47% of blacks and 13% whites
% of homeowners
69% of whites own their own homes. 44% of blacks own their own homes.
A major candidate for the Democratic nomination. African American and ran for President 3 or 4 times but never won.
Department of Housing & Urban Development Housing Descrimination
Estimates that at least 2 million people are subjected to some form of housing descrimination each year.
First woman Secretary of State
US Senate in November of 2000
First female Speaker of the House in 2006
Sandra Day O'Connor
First female to be appointed to the US Supreme Court by Ronald Reagan in 1991.
First female US Attorney General
First female US Security Advisor. Became Secretary of State when Colin Powell.
The transport of some students to school out of their neighborhood in order to de-segregate the schools.
Segregation in fact but not by Law
To eliminate segregation
Introducing varying subjects from different races. Desegregation efforts to cease being segregated
Jim Crows Laws
State and Local Laws that enforce segregation by race.
The hiring and promotion of women and members of minorities so that they take an even amount of men, women and different races.
Opponents argued that Affirmative Action leads to Reverse Descrimination
The movement out of a neighborhood as other minorities are moving in.
Democrats are usually........
In favor of Affirmative Action
Republicans are usually..........
Against Affirmative Action
1790 to 1860
About 4 million Africans came to the US with the slave trade.
How did the Africans feel about the slave trade and leaving home
They realized that they were being sent far away and there was often violence prior to leaving. These uprising were often easily put down.
Packed alot of slaves in small areas that they had on ships
Packed a small amount of people on ships
What were the conditions on the ships that the slaves travelled on
There was not much ventilation and little to no sanitation. Slaves might die on the ship of suffocation or disease. Bodies were packed so tightly that it would not be uncommon to find a slaves body completely covered in lice.
When were slaves fed the best?
A couple days before arrival to the "new world" so that they would look good for auction.
Were the slave ships allowed to dock at port?
No. Due to their smell and possibility of spreading disease.
What were common diseases found on the slave ships
Smallpox as well as Ophthalmia.
What caused slaves to be driven insane on the slave ships
Where in the US were the first slaves brought and in what year?
Jamestown, VA in 1619.
What Colony became the first to institutionalize slavery and in what year.
Maryland. In 1640.
What is an endentured servant
A person who is endebted for 7 to 8 years to pay back for the voyage to the US
What 4 trades created a higher demand for slaves by other slave trading countries.
Cotton, tobacco, coffee and sugar.
How was the economy of the US enhanced
By the labor of slavery
Was slave labor cheap or expensive
It was expensive. Mostly rich farmers and plantation owners with commercial export oriented operations on the best lands could afford slaves. Operations such as sugar, coffee, cotton and tobacco.