1. was a rider appended
    to the Army Appropriations Act presented
    to the U.S. Senate by Connecticut Republican Senator Orville
    H. Platt (1827–1905) replacing the earlier Teller Amendment.
    Platt Amendment
  2. also known as the CPI or the Creel Committee, was an independent
    agency of the government of the United States created to influence U.S. public
    opinion regarding American participation in World War I.
    Committee on PublicInformation
  3. re-imposed the federal income following the ratification of
    the Sixteenth Amendment and lowered basic tariff rates from 40% to 25%, well
    below the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act of 1909.
    Underwood Tariff Act
  4. was an extension of the Monroe Doctrine
    by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt in 1904.
    Roosevelt Corollary
  5. is
    the term used to describe the effort of the United States — particularly under
    President William Howard Taft — to further its aims in Latin America and East
    Asia through use of its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign
    Dollar Diplomacy
  6. describes
    an environment in which transactions between private parties are free from
    state intervention, including restrictive regulations, taxes, tariffs and
    enforced monopolies.
  7. were Republican
    political activists who bolted from the United States Republican Party by
    supporting Democratic candidate Grover Cleveland in the United States
    presidential election of 1884.
  8. Political Machines - is
    a disciplined political organization in which an authoritative boss or small
    group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses (usually
    campaign workers), who receive rewards for their effort
    Political Machines
  9. - also known as the Society of St. Tammany, the Sons of St.
    Tammany, or the Columbian Order, was founded in 1786 and incorporated on May
    12, 1789 as the Tammany Society. It was the Democratic Party political machine
    that played a major role in controlling New York City politics and helping
    immigrants, most notably the Irish, rise up in American politics from the 1790s
    to the 1960s.
    Tammany Hall
  10. - was a California labor
    organization led by Denis Kearney in the 1870s. The party took particular aim
    against Chinese immigrant labor and the Central Pacific Railroad which employed
    Workingman’s Party ofCalifornia
  11. - was
    the name given to the alliance between the British, the French Third Republic,
    and Russia after the signing of the Anglo-Russian Entente in 1907?
    Triple Entente
  12. - was a 1917 diplomatic proposal from the German Empire
    to Mexico to make war against the United States. The proposal was declined by
    Mexico, but angered Americans and led in part to the declaration of war in
    Zimmerman telegram
  13. favors the
    interests of certain established inhabitants of an area or nation as compared
    to claims of newcomers or immigrants. It may also include the re-establishment
    or perpetuation of such individuals or their culture.
  14. - was a major dimension of the Progressive Era in the United
    States. It flourished 1890-1932. Adherents argued that all aspects of the
    economy, society and government were riddled with waste and inefficiency.
    Efficiency Progressives
  15. - refers to the cost advantages that a business obtains
    due to expansion. There are factors that cause a producer’s average cost per
    unit to fall as the scale of output is increased. "Economies of
    scale" is a long run concept and refers to reductions in unit cost as the
    size of a facility and the usage levels of other inputs increase.
    Economy of scale
  16. - was
    the movement of 2 million African Americans out of the Southern United States
    to the Midwest, Northeast and West from 1910 to 1930.
    Great Migration
  17. - is a United States federal law
    passed on June 15, 1917, shortly after the U.S. entry into World War I. It prohibited any attempt
    to interfere with military operations, to support America's enemies during
    wartime, to promote insubordination in the military, or to interfere with
    military recruitment.
    Espionage and SeditionActs
  18. - is
    an essay written by Andrew Carnegie in 1889that described the responsibility of
    philanthropy by the new upper class of self-made rich.
    Gospel of Wealth
  19. - though it
    has a specific meaning, has also become a catch-all term for several different
    (but related) forms of late 19th-century and early 20th-century U.S. popular
    fiction, including “true” dime novels, story papers, five- and ten-cent weekly
    libraries, “thick book” reprints, and sometimes even early pulp magazines.
    Dime novels’
  20. - is one
    of two United States federal laws that gave an applicant freehold title to up
    to 160 acres (65 hectares or one-fourth section) of undeveloped federal land
    outside the original Thirteen Colonies. The law required three steps: file an
    application, improve the land, and file for deed of title.
    Homestead Act
  21. - was a
    United States Supreme Court decision that upheld the Espionage Act of 1917 and
    concluded that a defendant did not have a First Amendment right to freedom of
    speech against the draft during World War I. Ultimately; the case established
    the "clear and present danger" test.
    Schenck v. UnitedStates
  22. - is a work
    stoppage in which an employer prevents employees from working. This is
    different from a strike, in which employees refuse to work.
  23. - named for Representative Sereno E. Payne (R-NY) and Senator Nelson W. Aldrich
    (R-RI), began in the United States House of Representatives as a bill lowering
    certain tariffs on goods entering the United States. It was the first change in
    tariff laws since the Dingley Act of 1897.
    Payne-Aldrich Tariff
  24. - is a community whose growth and development was strongly shaped by the use of
    streetcar lines as a primary means of transportation. The earliest suburbs were
    served by horse cars, but by the late 19th century cable cars and electric
    streetcars, or trams, were used, allowing residences to be built further away
    from the urban core of a city
    “Streetcar suburbs”
  25. - is a minor political ideology and legal
    system which believes that there is a natural law, just and obvious to all,
    that crosses ideologies, faiths and personal thinking, that naturally
    guaranties justice.
  26. - is a concept in
    foreign affairs, which usually refers to the policy around 1900 allowing
    multiple Imperial powers access to China, with none of them in control of that
    Open Door Policy
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NCTHS midterm