1. What are the Level of Prevention?
    • Primary
    • Secondary
    • Tertiary
  2. Primary Prevention=

    • vaccinations
    • nutrition
    • prenatal class
    • water fluoridation
  3. Secondary Prevention=

    • HIV testing
    • Mammograms
    • Lead Screening
  4. Tertiary=

    • rehab counseling
    • Therapy
    • Teaching diabetic to give insulin
    • support groups
    • shelter for battered woman
  5. Basic Principals of Infection Control

    Define Infection
    Clinical Syndrome caused by the invasion and multipication of a pathogen in body tissues
  6. Basic Principals of Infection Control

    Name the phases
    • Incubation Period
    • Prodromal Period
    • Clinical Illness
    • Convalescence
  7. Basic Principals of Infection Control

    Describe Incubation Period
    Time of expossure to the organsim to the appearance of the first symptoms
  8. Basic Principals of Infection Control

    Describe Prodromal Phase
    Period of vagues nonspecific symptoms

    Low grade fever, nausea, weakness preceded the full manifestation of the infection
  9. Basic Principals of Infection Control

    Describe Clinical Illness
    Time when symptoms are fully manifested and most clearly recognized as a specific infection
  10. Basic Principals of Infection Control

    Describe Concalescence
    Time following the heaight of the acute symptoms to the time the person experiences a return to normal health

    Decreased energy
  11. What is a Nosocomial Infection
    Infection you get when you are in the hospital
  12. Defenses against infection

    skin/mucus membranes resp. system, gastrointestinal system, circulatory system
  13. Defenses against infection

    • inflammatory response-
    • a localized reaction to injury

    immune response- specific to the antigen or foreign body that has invaded the body
  14. Morbidity

  15. Potential life lost
    Potential is different and quality of life has decreased
  16. Falls
    Who is at most risk and what is the concern

    resluts in increased morbidity, immobility, early nursing home placement, death
  17. Difference between subjective and objective
    Subjective- what the pt tells you

    Objective- what can be measured
  18. Pressure Ulcer Causes
    Shear--sliding, parallel movement

    Friction- Rubbing

    Excoriation- Scratching
  19. What does is mean when the skin is not blanchable and what does it indicate
    press on the skin and it does not turn white

    1st stage of pressure ulcer
  20. Describe Disuse Syndrome
    Cease or decrease use of organs or body part to restrict activites or to be immobile
  21. Name the phases of the nursing process
    • Assessment
    • Diagnosis
    • Planning
    • Interventions
    • Evaluation
  22. Vital Signs

    What is normal for each sign
    • Temp- 98.6
    • Resp- 12-20
    • Pulse60-100
    • BP 110-130 systolic 60-80 diastolic
  23. Name the 4 routes you can take temp
    • Oral
    • Rectal
    • Axillary
    • Tympanic
  24. Community Nursing

    Describe Assessment
    Used to determine health status, resources or needs of community
  25. Community Nursing

    Where can Community Based Care be given
    Hospitals, ambulatory care, surgical centers, clinics dr office, home
  26. Click to to get to answer space. It's just a card to know :)
    Community health nursing- definte philospohy of practice and requires specific knowledge and skills
  27. Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

    Define Health
    state of physical, mental and social well being not merely absence of disease or infirmity
  28. Health promotion and Disease Prevention

    What does Acute Care focus on
    focus on resolving immediate health problems
  29. Health promotion and Disease Prevention

    What does community based care focus on
    focus on prmotin health and preventing illness to enhance quality of life, maximize individual potential for self care
  30. Health promotion and Disease Prevention

    2 goals of healthy people
    • eliminating health disparities
    • increase quality and years of healthy life
  31. Ethics

    Examples of Intentional Torte
    • Fraud
    • Defamation
    • Assault
    • Battery
    • false imprisonment
    • invasion of privacy
  32. Ethics

    Examples of Unintentional Torte
    • Negligence
    • Malpractice
  33. The nursing Profession

    5 Characteristics
    • Body of knowledge
    • Long Period of Education and Training
    • Controlled Entry
    • Enforced code of ethics
    • Unselfish service to others
  34. The Nursing Profession

    What does the ANA do
    improves nursing practice standards and seeks higher status for nurses
  35. The Nursing Profession

    What does the NLN do
    Promotes increased development of nursing services and education in nursing
  36. Documentation

    Purpose of
    • Communication between health care providers
    • legal accountability
    • reimbusement
    • research
    • quality assurance

    Not Documented=Not Done
  37. Documentation

    • Admit notes
    • change of shift notes
    • assessment notes
    • intervention or progress notes
    • transfer notes
    • discharge notes
    • client teaching notes
  38. Anxiety

    Name 2 Categories
    Threat to biological Integrity

    Threat to ego integrity
  39. Anxiety

    • Normal response to stress
    • Alerts to potential harm
    • Initiates protective defenses
    • Provokes us to take action
  40. Anxiety

    What does the SNS do
    Activates emergency response
  41. Anxiety

    What does the PNS
    Return body to relaxed state
  42. End of Life Care

    Define Loss
    removal, change, or reducation in value of something valused or held dear and the feelings that result
  43. End of Life Care

    Define Bereavement
    Deprived by death
  44. End of Life Care

    Define Grief
    Emotional, Physical Cognitive and behavioral response to bereavement, separation or loss
  45. Cultural and Spiritual Diversity

    Define culture
    group of people with same lanquage beliefs practices
  46. Cultural and Spiritual Diversity

    Barriers to providing competent care
    • Sterotyping
    • Ethnocentrism (ones own way is superior)
  47. Cultural and Spiritual Diversity

    Increases nurses understanding of health care behavior

    improves clients compliance

    increases clients satisfaction
  48. Spirituality defined
    connectedness to self world others nature

    sense of peace
  49. Benefits of Spirituality
    Related to high level wellness and anziety is lower
  50. Nursing Diagnosis for Spirituality
    • Spiritual distress
    • readiness for enhanced spiritual well being
    • impaired religiosity
    • ineffective coping
    • hoplessness
    • complicated grieving
  51. Lewins 3 Phase Change Model
    Unfreezing- assists to become ready to change

    Change- The change is introduced

    Refreezing- estability new stability or status quo
  52. 5 Facts to memorize about Older Adults
    most don't live in nursing homes

    Memory problems are part of a disease process

    Not preoccupied w.dying

    age doesn't change personality or bring wisdom

    they need ongoing learning and stimulation
  53. Safety
    • Rescue/Remove
    • Alarm- Shout out code red
    • Confine fire/close doors
    • Extiquish small fire/Evacuate
  54. Safety Codes

    Code Triage
    Code Red
    Code Blue
    Code Pink
    Code Adam
    • Code Triage= Diaster
    • Code Red= Fire
    • Code Blue= Adult Cardiac Arrest
    • Code Pink= Infant Cardiac Arrest
    • Code Adam= Missing Person
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