Reproductive System and Pelvis

  1. The pelvis is separated from the perineum by the ______ diaphragm
  2. What muscle makes up the urogenital diaphragm?
    Deep transverse perineal muscle
  3. What muscles make the pelvic diaphragm floor?
    Puborectalis, pubococcygeus, iliococygeus, and cocygeus.
  4. Internal female genital organs consist of _______ and are located in the ______ pelvis
    ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina; lesser pelvis
  5. External female genital organs consist of ______ and are located in the ______ pelvis.
    clitoris, labia minor and major, vaginal vestibule; perineum
  6. This is a cheesy/oily substance that can be found in uncircumsised men.
    Smegma. It is carinogenic to the cervix.
  7. What is the name of the sheath of peritoneum over the uterus?
    Broad ligament/Mesometrium
  8. How are the ovaries attached to the uterus?
    Ovarian ligament
  9. How are the ovaries attached to the lateral abdominal wall?
    Suspensory ligament
  10. Uterus anchored between the urinary bladder and rectu, by what ligament?
    Round (teres) ligament
  11. Epithelium in uterus
    Simple high columnar
  12. What is the branch from Japan that is used to absorb water gradually in order to dialate the cervix?
  13. If the internal os in incomplete, what could this lead to during pregnancy?
    Habitual abortion
  14. Name of the surgery to tie the cervix to prevent habitual abortions.
  15. Blood supply to the uterus.
    Uterine artery (from the internal iliac) and ovarian artery
  16. If a woman has intermentrual bleed, what condition is that indicative of?
    Leiomyomas (fiboroids)
  17. Yearly exam done to detect cervical cancer.
    Pap smear
  18. The uterus is normally ante-flexed and bent forward over the urinary bladder. This is responsible for ______ support of the uterus and prevents it from being pushed out of the genital opening.
    Passive (mechanical) support
  19. What is it called when part of the uterus bulges out of the vagina?
  20. What is shed during menstruation?
  21. In what phase does bleeding happen in the menstrual cycle?
    First phase of desquamation and regeneration
  22. In fallopian tube, cillia produce current towards the uterus, which is good for what?
    Migration and distribution of spermatozoa.
  23. Where is the site of fertilization?
  24. What is it called when implantation occurs in places other than the uterus?
    Ectopic pregnancy
  25. What is the parasympathetic innervations of the urinary bladder?
    Pelvic splanchnic nerve
  26. What volume of fluid can the bladder hold?
    Between 700-800 mL
  27. Volume of urine in bladder that leads urge to urinate?
    350 mL
  28. At what place do ureters enter the bladder?
  29. Place the urethra leaves the bladder?
    Trigone, which has smooth epithelium
  30. Type of epithelium that lines the bladder.
  31. Where do prostatic secretions drain into?
    Prostatic sinus
  32. What makes up the ejaculatory duct?
    Seminal vesicles and vas deferens
  33. What secretions do seminal vesicles add?
    Alkaline solution and fructose (energy for sperm)
  34. Innervation of deep transverse perineal muscle.
    Pudenal nerve
  35. Glands in males produces muscus to lubricate urethra.
    Cowper's gland (bulbourethral)
  36. Gland in female synonymous to Cowper's gland.
    Bartholin's gland
  37. Part of the male urethra is most vulnerable to injuries because it is fixed and less mobile.
    Membranous part
  38. What is the primitive urogenital sinus in females?
    Mullerian duct
  39. What is the primative urogenital sinus in males?
    Wolffian duct
  40. What glands in females are homologous to prostate in men?
    Paraurethral glands
  41. Why is the female urinary tract more prone to infection?
    Shorter in length and closer to the anus.
  42. How are the testis suspended in the scrotum?
    Spermatic cord
  43. Pathway of sperm
    SEVENUP - Seminiferous tubules > Epididymis > Vas deferens > Ejaculatory duct > nothing > Urethra > Penis
  44. What helps to keep the temperature of the testis constant?
    Pampiniform plexus
  45. Blood supply of the testis.
    Testicular artery
  46. Function of dartos fascia.
    Contraction causes scrotum to wrinkle when cold and prevents heat loss.
  47. Where does the external spermatic fascia originate from?
    External abdominal oblique muscle
  48. Where does the cremaster muscle originate from?
    Internal abdominal oblique muscle
  49. Where does the tunica vaginalis and internal spermatic fascia originiate from?
    Tunica vaginalis from peritoneum; Internal spermatic fascia from transversalis fascia
  50. Where do the seminal vesicles open into to produce ejaculatory ducts?
    Ductus deferens
  51. Where the prostate gland increases in number of cells causes enlargement which causes urinary problems due to compression on urethra and can eventually
    turn into cancer
    Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia or BPH
  52. The prostate is homologues to the what in females?
    Paraurethral glands
  53. The bulbs of the vestibule in females are homologus with what in males?
    Bulb of penis
  54. Lymphatics of the scrotum drain to the...
    superficial inguinal lymph nodes
  55. This ligament of the uterus extends from the cervix to the lateral pelvic walls
    Transverse cervical (cardinal) ligament
  56. This ligament is situation posteriorly in the uterus
    Sacrocervical (sacrouterine) ligament
  57. This ligament is situation anteriorly in the uterus
    Pubocervical (pubouterine) ligament
  58. An inflammation and infection of the Fallopian tubes which may lead to loss of the epithelium and may interfere with fertilization which can lead to sterility.
Card Set
Reproductive System and Pelvis
Anatomy of the male and female reproductive system and the pelvis