Greek Religion

  1. Theology
    study of religion, god, practices, rituals, etc.
  2. Theogony
    the study of the birth of the gods or origins
  3. Hesiod
    • poet who wrote "Works and Days" and Theogony
    • started theogony with himself as a character meeting a muse who tells him the stories of the gods
  4. Homer
    • epic poet
    • wrote Iliad and Odyssey
  5. Iliad
    • long poem about Trojan Wars
    • Agamenon vs. Achilles
  6. Odyssey
    • sequel to Iliad
    • about a hero, Odyseus, returning home after the fall of Troy
  7. Genos
  8. Phratry
    • brotherhood
    • name of the organiztion with which young boys must be registered in order to qualify for citizenship
  9. Sources of GR
    • prose
    • carving into stones
    • grave goods
    • poems
    • paintings
    • language
  10. Pausanias
    wrote about Greek: landscape, temples, shrines
  11. Zeus Dodona
    consulting Zeus
  12. Oikos
    household of family
  13. Deme
  14. Polis
  15. Heifer
    young female virgin cow sacrifice or offering for goddesses
  16. Hecatomb
    slaughter 100 cattles
  17. Miasma
    • "taint" or pollution
    • connected with shed blood
  18. Amphidroma
    ritual once child reaches the age of 10
  19. Apella
    • boy to adult
    • cutting of the hair
    • end of miltary training (?)
  20. Apatouria
    father introduces son to phratry
  21. Solon
    • Athenian statesman
    • created calendar
  22. Hekatombian
    • Athenian first month of the year
    • orginally from Hekatombaia festival
  23. Arrhephoria
    • quaint nocturnal festival
    • 2 young girls called Arrheph
    • carry object of Athena, from Acropolis down bronze staircase to Aphrodite
    • same way as Persephone went down to Hades
    • Rite of Passage for girls (teens to adolescent)
  24. Kronia
    • festival of Kronos
    • time where slaves run the place/festival
    • slaves and master eat together
    • not a major festival
  25. Panathenaia festival
    • celebration of Athena's bday @ the end of the moon
    • night before festival, no moon = darkness; new moon
    • hundreds of animal slaughtered
    • everyone there, except old women
    • annual festival, washing the old but giving goddess a new peplos
    • parade w/ a ship float to carry peplos
  26. Arrhephoroi
    • hephoroi = carrier
    • myth: of the girls carrying object of Athena
    • for Panathenaia festival
  27. Parthenon and Erechteion
    • two temples of Athena
    • Parthenon: more impressive, a statue made of gold and ivory
    • Erechtheion: more scared, smaller, wooden statue, holy and newer / for Athena, Poseidon, and Erchtheus
  28. Athens, orgin of:
    • plays
    • art
    • philosophy
  29. Panathenaian games and activities and prize
    • chariot race
    • foot race: wine
    • panathalon: oil
    • boxing
    • music (lyre, flute, choir): silver and gold awarded
    • citation of Homeric poem
    • torch race
  30. Pithoigia
    jar opening
  31. Choes
  32. Chytroi
  33. Bacchic mysteries
    myth of a society of women w/o men
  34. Anthesteria festival
    • 3 day festival
    • spring time
    • 12th month Elaphêboliôn, temple open for 1 day
    • "in the marshes"
    • new vinage, wine is made
Card Set
Greek Religion
Festivals, terms, people, etc.