Diversity Final

  1. a preconceived outlook, may be favorable or unfavorable and may lead to prejudiced behavior
  2. making a distinction against a person not according to his or her actual merit but upon a categorical basis
  3. passing judgment prematurely - the word usually refers to forming unfavorable opinions or attitudes without reason or knowledge
  4. every perspective on the social world emerges from a particular vantage point
    why perspective is important
  5. why do we segregate
    fear of the unknown
  6. the common body of knowledge that allows diverse people to communicate, to work together, and to live together. However, the term is also often used to refer to the customs of a particular social group
  7. some people believe that their cultural ways are not only valid and superior to other people's, but also universally applicable in evaluating and judging human behavior
  8. the process by which the members of a society are taught the elements of that society;s culture. everyone goes through this process, immigrants and non immigrants
  9. homoginizing all cultures intoa single cultural unit - melting pot
    cultural unity
  10. all categories of cultural diverity remain unique but exist in accord with one another - salad bowl
    cultural harmony
  11. regulates life in human society and protects rights of human kind
    why we have legislation
  12. right to life liberty security and dignity - assumes that all people are members of the human family and that equality is the foundation for freedom, justice, and peace in the world
    human rights
  13. seperate but equal does not work
    brown vs board of education
  14. an anthropological concept used to divide humankind into categories based on physical characteristics of size and shape of the head, eyes, ears, lips, and nose and the color of skin and eyes - never scientifically been equated with any mental characteristics such as intelligence, personality, or character
  15. how members of a group perceive themselves and how they are in turn perceived by others. descibes a group of people iwhtin a larger society distinguished or set apart by others and or by itself, primarily on the basis of racial and cultural characteristics
  16. all humans make up one species (homosapiens) -difference among races 6% -difference among tribes or nations is ___ - difference with in local groups 85%
  17. Race is determined on the U.S. Census by
    personal preference
  18. assist people who are discriminated against because of their race to obtain equal treatment in housing, employment, and banking
    affirmative action
  19. a biological and anatomical clasification relating to specific organs of reproduction
  20. a broad topic which focuses on the roles occupied by males, females, and intersexed persons
  21. people whose appearance and behavior do not conform to the cultural norm for the gender into which they were born
  22. a movement designed to eliminate gender bias and stereotyping in education, sports, and the workplace - a set of actions, attitudes, and assumptions that provide opportunities and create expectations about individuals, regardless of gender
    gender equity
  23. refers to difference and inequality between men and women - due to and fueld by the fundamental belief that menand women are not equal
    gender gap
  24. name calling, innuendo, insults, obscene gestures, gender bashing jokes ,physical threats, and actualy physical violence
    sexual harrassment
  25. has not yet been ratified - equal rights under the law for women
    Equal rights amendment
  26. most people refrain from talking about sexual orienctation and gender expression identity because it feels taboo or because they're afraid of saying the wrong thing
    culture of niceness
  27. discrimination based upon the assumption that heterosxuality is the only viable or acceptable orientation
  28. a dislike or distrust stemming from feelings about a person's sexual orientation or lifestyle
  29. child abuse = homosexuality - 95% of all incidents of sexual abuse are by straight men
    Men who wear women's clothes are homosexual - transvestites are predominately straight
    gay men are feminine
    its a choice and a lifestyle same sex relationships don't last
    myths about GLTB
  30. an inner sense of oneself a a sexual being, including how one identifies in terms of gender and sexual orientation - invisible unless we choose to reveal it - different scientific views of definition and roots of sexual orientation - complex issue full of emotion
    sexual identity
  31. outdated term because sexual orientation is no longer comonly considered to be one's conscious individual preference or choice, but is instead thought to be formed by a complicated network of social, cultural, biological, economic, and political factors
    sexual preference
  32. refers to the general way a person identifies his or her own sexual identity, based upon feelings of attraction toward other people and how one acts upon those attractions
    sexual orientation
  33. GLTB?
    Gay, Lesbian, Transgender, Bisexual
  34. Religion and diverstiy is about - includes faith, conviction, etc.
    belief and identity
  35. an institutionalized set of beliefs and practices, often of a moral nature
  36. religious identiy has its strongest roots in the _____, and many _____ not only encourage but demand their children follow in their religious traditions
  37. stems from one's own faith is favored by God - despite teaching in most religions of tolerance, unity, and love
    religious prejudice
  38. what is the goal when discussing religion with people of differing beliefs?
    not agrement but respect
  39. 3 major religions of the world
    Hindu, Buddhist, or Judeo-Christian-Islamic
  40. skeptics- denial of knowledge about whether or not there is a god - open to the posibility that god exists but believe that there can be no proof either way
  41. reject all religions outright - the denial that there is any God, no matter how God is defined
  42. means disadvantage - it is now rarely used due to its negative connotations. It has been replaced by the term disability
  43. refers to an interference with mobility, coordination, communication, or behavior - not necessarily unable to do things, but they may do them in a different way or by a different means
  44. notice differences first and the person second - describes everything from body shape and type - the cultural standard
    cultural pressure for sameness
  45. setting up social barriers turns those with diabilities into ______ people - pushing out those that are different puts them at a disadvantage by being out of society
  46. idea image ____ but we still compare ourselves to it- GI Joe 1920 vs 2000
  47. a division of social rank - members of the same social ___ generally share economic, political, and cultural characteristics
  48. abstarct concept which refers to a hierarchical layering of people into categories based upon their income, level of education, family name or bloodline, and influence
    social class
  49. based on income, level of education, and occupation - when talk about staus and stereotypes - make assumptions about people- play into our knapsack of privelege - make assupmtions about what htey know, how they think and push people out
    Socio economic status
  50. focus on race disparity - disproportionate groups in this - based on race, gender and ethnicity - connections to other aspects of diversity- pay gap, race, segregated neighborhoods
  51. Introversion(I) and Extroversion(E)
    Sensing(S) and Intuition(N)
    Thinking(T) and Feeling(F)
    Judgment(J) and Perception(P)
    Myers Briggs
  52. Birth order
    Disabilities or health problems
    Family crises
    Sibling competitions
    Family values
    Socioeconomic status
    Cultural and ethnic differences
    influencing factors of behavior and personality
  53. ____ unusual or inappropriate behavior needs help - some are situational and temporary
  54. may be related to childhood experiences - parents divorced
    behavior problems
  55. deals with individual ability to compe with everyday life rather than standardized tests
  56. 1. has previously attempted suicide 2. talks about death or suicide 3. a noticeable change in the personality or mood of the individual, for which there is no explanation 4. changes in sleep and eating patterns 5. may withdraw from friends and his or her usual activities 6. may take unusual risks 7. may be uncharacteristic drug or alcohol abuse 8. may make final arrangements
    warning signs of suicide
  57. meausres such as threats, lectures, loss of privileges, scolding, or humiliation - not directly related to the rule which has been violated
  58. teach the person a lesson he or she can internalize, without a loss of self esteem
  59. outstanding preformance on achievement or apptitude
  60. not acheiving success for reasons including not being interested or ot wanting to conform to rule or being bored with course work
  61. formed group in response to the idea that gifted individuals can experience isolation and loneliness
  62. Intelligence testing is _____ norm is based on population
  63. shows that intelligence can be multifaceted - categories include - linguistic, logical mathematical, musical, kinesthetic, spatial-viual, interpersnal intrapersonal
    multiple intelligence tests
  64. What are the three major ways people award status?
    Occupation, appearance/dress, and where one lives
  65. . The American society has 5 major class systems... What are they?
    • Upper class
    • Upper middle class
    • Lower class
    • Working class
    • Lower class
  66. Families with a female
    head of the household, make up the majority for people living in poverty. True
    or False
  67. Occupation is a very reliable way to determine someones social status-
    True or False
  68. What Percentages go with the correct social class?
    Wealthy in America
    Working middle class
    Working lower class
    • Wealthy in America- 5%
    • Working middle class-5%
    • Working lower class- 50%
    • Poor- 10%
  69. Gifted and Talented populations should not need
    assistance from others
  70. Talented people are, by definition, academic
  71. MENSA is a society only for people whose I.Q. is
    in the top 2% of the population.
  72. An I.Q. test is the only way to test for gifted
    and talented characteristics.
  73. It is ok to alienate those who are gifted and
    talented because they are different.
  74. To be diagnosed with bipolar 1 disorder you must expericence at least one manic
    episode and one depressive episode. T or F
  75. Anxiety and Depression have several similar symptoms? T or F
  76. Anxiety and Depression can lead to:

  77. ADHD can affect a childs:
    a. attitude
    b. abilility to behave
    c. what they will do for
    a living
    d. none of the above
  78. Which level of hoarding is the worst?

    d. none of the above
  79. T/F Claude Monet painted Water Lilies almost
    completely blind.
  80. T/F Even people who have been blind their entire
    life can still see light.
  81. What percentage of the population has some
    visual problem?
  82. What is referred to as a hearing impairment in both ears? It is commonly treated by use of hearing aids.
    bilateral loss
  83. T/F: Farsightedness refers to a condition in
    which one can see distinctly at a short distance only
  84. Which Famous person was both blind and deaf
    throughout their life?
    a- Annie Sullivan
    B- Ray Charles
    C- Helen Keller
    D- None of the Above
  85. People with visual impairments like to be treated
    differently than others. True or False?
  86. T/F You
    should not stare at people who are using sign language.
  87. You should speak in what kind of tone to people
    who are Deaf
  88. T/F When you are speaking to a person with a hearing impairment speak directly to the person not to the interpreter
Card Set
Diversity Final
Diversity Final