OT SURVEY Final - Curtis(2).csv

  1. 931 BC
    the division of the kingdom
  2. 722 BC
    destruction of Israel by Assyria
  3. 609 BC
    death of Josiah
  4. 605 BC
    first deportation to Babylon (Daniel &friends)
  5. 597 BC
    "2nd deportation to Babylon (Jehoachin
  6. 587/86 BC
    destruction of Judah by Babylon &third deportation to Babylon
  7. 538 BC
    Cyrus allows Jews to return to Judah
  8. 520 BC
    ministry of Haggai &Zechariah
  9. 515 BC
    Temple rebuilt &dedicated under Zerubbabel
  10. 458 BC
    Ezra’s return to Jerusalem
  11. 445 BC
    Nehemiah’s return to Jerusalem
  12. What material (books or parts of books) is included in the OT wisdom literature?
  13. According to Curtis the Law &Prophets are vertical revelation while the Wisdom Literature is *********** revelation.
  14. Job
  15. "Know the basic story &the major characters (Job
  16. What is the only OT book whose setting &characters are non-Isaraelite?
  17. What is meant by the doctrine of retribution?
    reap what you sow. sin is punished & righteousness rewarded
  18. Be aware of at least four reasons for suffering recognized in the book of Job.
    1)ppl suffer for their sins 2)ppl suffer cuz other's sin 3) means of refining character 4)to further God's purpose
  19. What is the “solution” that brings resolution to Job?
    "understanding why we suffer is not the key. the fear of the LORD is wisdom
  20. What is meant by the question of “disinterested piety”?
    Does Job fear God for nothing? -- Suffering happened in order to show Satan that disinterested piety does exist; that there are people who will serve God because of who He is rather than for what they get in return for serving God.
  21. This participant in the book of Job enters the debate late &promises far more than he is able to deliver.
  22. What does Job 1:9 suggest about the purpose of the Book of Job?
    Disinterested piety exists!
  23. What conclusion did your professor reach about the significance of the interrupted third cycle of speeches in the debate between Job &his friends?
    "the friends have been silenced
  24. What contribution does Job 28:28 make to the question of how to respond to suffering?
  25. The desire for a mediator &the idea that perhaps a person might be vindicated after death are suggested in this book though without really contributing to a solution to the problem raised by the events presented in the book.
  26. Since much of what Job’s friends said was true what was their basic mistake in their attempts to comfort Job?
    Unwise application of doctrine: their mistake lay in their incorrect application of doctrine to Job. They then made bad matters worse by insisting that Job's situation could not be an exception
  27. How does Job begin his discussion to his friends in Job 3? How do you think this influenced the direction of the debate that follows?
    -you misunderstood the meaning of my cries -you didn't give me kindness
  28. Psalms
  29. What is the basic characteristic of Hebrew poetry?
    "Parallelism (idea in one line
  30. What three purposes for the book of Psalms are suggested by the various titles given to the book?
  31. A _________________ is a cry to God for deliverance in a time of distress
  32. ________________ psalms call for God to bring judgment on the psalmist’s/God/s enemies.
    Imprecatory psalms
  33. ________________ psalms focus on the confession of sin.
    Penitential psalms
  34. Know the basic definition of the other types of psalms as mentioned in the course pack &the suggestion made there as to how they might have been used.
    "Thanksgiving hymn (used with thanksgiving offerings as a response to God when a prayer was answered)
  35. This psalm was written by David in the aftermath of his being confronted by Nathan because of David’s sin with Bathsheba &Uriah.
    Psalm 51
  36. Know the five messianic themes from Psalms identified by Kirkpatrick.
    "1. the Royal Messiah: the messianic king would fulfill God's promise to David and establish a universal rule characterized by peace and prosperity. 2. the suffering Messiah: Struggles of righteous people who suffered and were persecuted because of their commitment to do God's will 3. The Son of Man (Ps 8
  37. What type of psalm is Psalm 1?
    is a wisdom psalm. know what it teaches as the key to prospering in everything a person does.
  38. This psalm gives instruction about how to respond to injustice.
    Psalm 37
  39. What three responses to injustice found in Ps 37 were noted in our classroom discussion of the first few verses of the psalm?
    "don't fret
  40. What teaching does Psalm 73 have in common with the book of Job in terms of responses to suffering that transform?
    trust that God is good
  41. According to the course pack what time period is covered by the psalms in the book of Psalms?
    Moses(P 90) until after the exile (P 126)-- 1000 years
  42. What kind of psalm is Ps. 78? Based on the verses of the psalm that we looked at in class what is the purpose of these salvation history psalms?
    Psalm 78-salvation history: review Israel's history & renew their vows to obey God's covenant
  43. What kind of psalm is Ps. 107? What does the psalm demonstrate about the importance of giving public testimony about God’s deliverance?
    Salvation history/thanksgiving
  44. Proverbs
  45. What is wisdom as seen by the Old Testament?
    -skill in living accord. to Yahweh's order -search for the order that God created
  46. Note the importance of Prov. 1:7. Why is it such a central principle in the book?
    """the fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge"
  47. Know the basic characteristics of the sluggard as noted in class
  48. Know the basic difference between the wise person &the foolish person as noted in class.
  49. Know what a proverb is.
    general truth rather than an invariable law or promise; an individual proverb captures a tiny cross section of truth rather than providing a comprehensive teaching on a topic
  50. Note where the pursuit of wisdom leads according to Prov. 2:1-5.
    protect from a variety of dangers including evil men & wicked woman & keep a person flourishing on good & righteous paths
  51. Know the three contributors to the book who are mentioned by name.
  52. Know where the acrostic poem describing the excellent woman is found.
    Proverbs 31:10-31
  53. Ecclesiastes
  54. This book emphasizes the uncertainties &inequities of life.
  55. What does Ecclesiastes present as the key to living in this fallen world?
    Be realistic/trust God in the midst of realities of life in a fallen world/live wisely & be diligent/live in the light of death & eternity/Enjoy/Recognize God's sovereignty/ Fear God & keep his comm&ments
  56. In which biblical book would you find Qoheleth?
    Ecclesiastes (Qohelet: one who convenes an assembly of some kind)
  57. How does Ecclesiastes provide a balance to the material that dominates Proverbs? Does Ecclesiastes discourage the use of proverbs &wisdom in living life?
    "Even as this book makes it clear that there are few guarantees in life in a fallen world
  58. How does Ecclesiastes affirm the importance of living by faith?
    "by faith
  59. This book frequently exhorts the reader to “enjoy life.”
  60. This book is characterized by an emphasis on the vanity of things in this world.
  61. "This book looks for a way to live that will generate a “profit” or “advantage
    ” &presumably one that death cannot rob us of."
  62. Song of Songs
  63. Be familiar with both the “two major character” &the “three major character” interpretation of Song of Songs.
    "2 character(Solomon
  64. What did Curtis suggest about solving the problem of seeing Solomon (with his seven hundred wives &three hundred concubines [1 Kings 11:3]) as a role model for an ideal relationship between a man &a woman in marriage?
    " See this as an ideal relationship that Solomon in his wisdom realized was possible
  65. "Be familiar with Solomon
  66. Curtis suggests that this book is a commentary of sorts on Genesis 2:24 & that it further describes the “one flesh” relationship mentioned in Genesis.
    Song of Songs
  67. Isaiah
  68. What is meant by the “Day of the Lord” in prophetic literature?
    when the Lord will come to punish sin and deliver his faithful people
  69. Know the six major themes of Isaiah’s preaching.
    (1) the holiness of God (2) sovereignty of God (3) the Messiah (4) the remnant: the core of the faithful who would form the nucleus of a restored Israel (5) new Zion and the future Messianic kingdom (6) the need for faith or trust
  70. In which chapter of Isaiah would you find the account of God calling Isaiah to be a prophet?
    Ch 6
  71. In which chapter of Isaiah would you find the Immanuel passage applied by Matthew to the birth of Jesus?
    Isaiah 7-9
  72. In which chapter of Isaiah would you find the oracle against the king of Babylon described in terms often thought to be indicative of the fall of Satan?
    Isaiah 14
  73. This prophet is characterized by the use of the term “the Holy One of Israel.”
  74. Know the difference in focus between chapters 1-39 & 40-66.
    1-39: God's judgment on the sin of the nations and especially Judah / 40-66: hope and God's deliverance of hispeople from Exile
  75. "This prophet
    almost two hundred years before the event
  76. What are the “Servant Songs” of Isaiah? Where would you find them in the book?
    "ch 49-57; king
  77. "Be familiar with Ahaz
  78. What Gentile nation did God use to judge: (a) the Northern Kingdom of Israel; (b) the Southern Kingdom of Judah?
    (a) Assyria (b) Babylon
  79. Jeremiah
  80. Which Babylonian king destroyed Jerusalem & took Judah into exile?
  81. Who was the king of Judah when Jeremiah was called to the prophetic ministry?
  82. Who was Jeremiah’s scribe?
  83. Briefly describe the reign of Josiah; the reign of Jehoiakim; the reign of Jehoiachin.
    "(a) Josiah: religious reforms
  84. Which king was taken into captivity into Babylon?
    Jehoiachin (son of Jehoiakim)
  85. What is the basic point made by Jeremiah in his famous Temple sermon in chapter 7?
    Judeans supposed that because they were people of God and had the Temple in their midst they were guaranteed God's protection from their enemies. Jeremiah says it's not so and God wants repentance and obedience if he is to bless the people.
  86. Which king destroyed the scroll containing Jeremiah’s prophecies? What was Jeremiah’s response to that action?
  87. This prophet predicted that the exile would last for 70 years.
  88. "This prophet was allowed to stay in Judah after 586
    but was then forced to go to Egypt where he died."
  89. This prophet was specifically instructed by God to remain unmarried.
  90. What is the significance of the “New Covenant” prophecy in Jeremiah?
    He realizes that people's heart was wicked and looks forward to a time when God's people have new hearts of obedience (jesus and Holy Spirit makes these possible)
  91. Lamentations
  92. 1. This book contains poems mourning over the destruction of Jerusalem.
  93. 2. Why was there such theological concern about the destruction of a capital city?
    "For Zion to be in ruins suggested that the covenant was also in ruins. For Jerusalem or Zion was the place where the Lord chose to establish His name
  94. 3. This chapter is the source of the song Great is Thy Faithfulness &the chorus The Steadfast Love of the Lord Never Ceases.
    Lamentation chp 3
  95. "4. What principle
    seen also in several psalms
  96. Ezekiel
  97. 1. This prophet was taken to Babylon as an exile in 597 BC.
  98. location of Jeremiah
  99. location of Daniel
    Babylon (exiles)
  100. Location of Ezekiel
    Babylon (exiles)
  101. Location of Hosea
  102. Location of Amos
  103. 3. This king was taken into exile to Babylon.
  104. "4. This prophet was told to lie on his side for 390 days with Israel’s iniquity on top of him
    &then to lie on the other side for 40 days with the iniquity of Judah on him."
  105. 5. When did Ezekiel’s wife die?
    "on the day Nebuchadnezzar laid siege to Jerusalem (symbolize that the desire of the people's eyes
  106. 6. What was the significance of the brick on which Ezekiel inscribed the map of Jerusalem?
    He was to build siege ramps against and put military camps around the brick to symbolize the Babylonian siege of Jerusalem that would shortly occur
  107. 7. Note the three major divisions of Ezekiel & the general contents of each.
    "(1) ch 1-24: time before the Fall of Jerusalem
  108. 8. This prophet is famous for the extensive use of the phrase “they shall know that I am the Lord.”
  109. 9. Where would you find Israel & Judah described as prostitutes pursuing their lovers?
    "Ezekiel (ch 16
  110. 10. What finally cured Judah of her idolatry?
    Babylon Exile
  111. "11. Who used the proverb
    “The days are long & every vision fails?”"
  112. 12. According to Hill &Walton what is the basic intent of the chariot visions of Ezekiel?
    "show God's majesty
  113. 13. What is the significance of the “dry bones vision” in chapter 37; the two sticks in Ezek 37; &God’s glory returning to the Temple in 40-43?
    "dry bones-- come to life
  114. 14. Why did your professor conclude that the Temple described in Ezek 40-43 is a temple that will be built in the future?
    different in a number of details from information given in the Law or Solomon's temple or the refurbished Temple.
  115. Daniel
  116. 1. This prophet was taken into exile to Babylon in 605 BC.
  117. 2. This prophet lived into the reign of Cyrus.
  118. 3. What two languages were used in writing the book of Daniel?
    Hebrews & Aramic
  119. 4. Note two major themes of Daniel.
    1) Sovereignty of God 2) Detailed prophesy of gentile kingdom down to the time of Christ.
  120. 5. In this chapter describes Nebuchadnezzar’s vision of the image made of different materials.
    Ch 2
  121. Empires as .....a. the head of gold
  122. Empires as .....b. the chest &arms of silver
  123. Empires as .....c. the belly &thighs of bronze
  124. Empires as .....d. the legs of iron
  125. a. where would you find the story of Daniel &his friend’s refusal to eat the king’s food
    CH 1
  126. b. where would you find the story of the fiery furnace
    CH 3
  127. c. where would you find the story of the lion’s den
    CH 6
  128. 8. Why was Daniel put into the lion’s den?
    No prayer for 30 days except to King
  129. 9. Why were the friends put into the blazing furnace?
    Refused to bow down to image of Nabuchanezzar
  130. 10. Against which Babylonian ruler was the handwriting on the wall directed? What had he done to provoke God’s anger?
    Belshazzar / took out vessel and used to idol
  131. 11. Who was Antiochus Epiphanes? What did he do that is referred to by Daniel as the “abomination of desolation?”
    "In 175 BC
  132. 12. What revelation did God give Daniel as he was reflecting on the seventy years predicted by Jeremiah? Why was Daniel thinking about this prophecy?
    Seventy Sevens.
  133. 13. Where would you find the first clear statement about the resurrection of both the wicked &the righteous in the Old Testament?
    Dan 12:2
  134. 14. What connection did your professor suggest between Daniel’s prophecy &Ezekiel’s prophecy about Gog &Magog?
    future time when anti-Christ attempts to destroy God's people & put himself in the place of God. Battles same as Ezekiel 38-39.
  135. 15. What significant event took place in 538 BC?
    Decree of Cyrus II/ First Return
  136. HOSEA:
  137. 1. This prophet is famous for marrying an unfaithful wife to illustrate God’s gracious treatment of his wayward people.
  138. 2. This prophet emphasized God’s “delight in loyalty rather than sacrifice &in knowledge of God rather than burnt offerings.”
  139. "3. This prophet describes Israel by saying
    “There is no faithfulness or kindness of knowledge of God in the l&.”"
  140. 4. Where did Hosea prophesy? In whose reign did he minister?
  141. 5. Lo-ruhamah:::Who were the following? What is the meaning &significance of the names? How do the changes in the names contribute to the message of the book?
  142. b. Lo-ammi:::Who were the following? What is the meaning &significance of the names? How do the changes in the names contribute to the message of the book?
  143. JOEL:
  144. 1. Where did Joel minister?
  145. 2. What theme characterizes the message of Joel?
  146. 3. This prophet is quoted by Peter on the day of Pentecost as the Holy Spirit comes on the church in power.
  147. 4. What is meant by the Day of the Lord?
  148. 5. This prophet describes the invading army in terms of a locust plague.
  149. AMOS:
  150. "1. This man was not a professional prophet. He is famous for saying
    “I am neither a prophet nor a prophet’s son.”"
  151. "2. This shepherd &farmer of sycamore figs from Judah preached at Bethel
    the religious center near the southern border of the northern kingdom."
  152. "3. This prophet began his sermon to Israel by announcing judgment on her neighbors
    including Judah."
  153. 4. This prophet is famous for beginning each section of his sermon with the words “for three transgressions . . . &for four I will not turn aside judgment.”
  154. 5. This prophet was run out of town by Jeroboam II &his high priest Amaziah.
  155. "6. Where would you find the verse ""Let justice roll down like waters
    &righteousness like an ever-flowing stream?"" "
  156. "7. This prophet is well known for his denunciation of a society characterized by greed
    injustice &exploitation of the poor."
  157. OBADIAH:
  158. 1. This is the shortest book in the Old Testament.
  159. 2. Against whom is the book of Obadiah directed?
  160. 3. What was the reason for God’s displeasure with Edom as reflected in the book of Obadiah?
  161. 4. Where does the animosity between Edom &Israel have its origins?
  162. "5. In what book would you find the doctrine of retribution stated in these terms
    ""As you have done
  163. JONAH:
  164. 1. The theme of this book is God's sovereign right to show compassion on whomever he chooses.
  165. "2. While prophets like Jeremiah were frustrated because the people to whom they ministered did not respond to the message he proclaimed
    this prophet was angry when the people repented. Why? "
  166. 3. What do Jonah &Nahum have in common? What was different about their messages?
  167. 4. Why do you think Jonah was angry when God was gracious to Nineveh? Do you think there were significant messages for Israel in this book?
  168. 5. Who was king in Israel when Jonah did his prophetic work?
  169. 6. God’s grace is apparent in the “second chance” God gave to this prophet. How does the same incident illustrate God’s sovereignty?
  170. MICAH:
  171. 1. Like Amos this prophet focuses special attention on the importance of moral ðical uprightness.
  172. "2. Where would you find the verse
    ""He has told you
  173. 3. Where would you find the prediction that Messiah will be born in Bethlehem?
  174. 4. Where did Micah prophesy?
  175. NAHUM:
  176. 1. What is the theme of the book of Nahum?
  177. 2. This book is the one that Jonah probably would have liked to write. Why do you think this would have been the case?
  178. 3. Against what nation is the judgment predicted by Nahum directed?
  179. 4. What was the capital of the Assyrian Empire?
  180. HABAKKUK:
  181. 1. What is meant by the term theodicy?
  182. 2. Which minor prophet struggles with how a just God to use a nation even more wicked than Judah to punish God’s own people?
  183. "3. Where in the Old Testament would you find the words
    “The righteous person will live by his faith?” What is the meaning of the verse in its Old Testament context?"
  184. 4. How does the book of Habakkuk illustrate what it means to live by faith?
  186. 1. What is the theme of the book of Zephaniah?
    Day of the Lord. punish sin &secure justice. both local & historical
  187. 2. Why is it likely that Zephaniah was written before 612 B.C.?
    predicts the destruction of Nineveh
  188. 3. This prophet was probably a member of the royal family of Judah. He prophesied during the reign of Josiah &was a contemporary of Jeremiah.
  189. HAGGAI:
  190. 1. What was the major emphasis of Haggai’s ministry?
    rebuilding the temple
  191. 2. Why was Haggai’s ministry needed?
    delay in temple building
  192. 3. What significant event occurred in 515 B.C.?
    temple dedication
  193. 4. This prophet accuses the people of having the wrong priorities.
  194. 5. This prophet affirms that the obedience of faith is one of life’s highest priorities.
  195. 6. Why did Haggai argue that the people never had enough to begin work on the temple?
    Priority problem.
  196. 7. The message of this prophet &that of Prov 3:5-12 are very similar.
    Haggai: similar to Prov 3:5-12/obey&begin work then will bless with sufficient means & their own need
  198. "1. This prophet’s contemporary was concerned about rebuilding the temple while this prophet was concerned about repentance
    spiritual renewal &proper worship after the temple was rebuilt."
  199. "2. This prophet preached to a discouraged postexilic community in Judah &assured them that God’s promised had not failed
    that they were heirs to those promised
  200. 3. This book is famous for the “night visions” it contains.
  201. "4. This prophet foretold Messiah’s triumphal entry into Jerusalem on a donkey
    the ""striking of the Shepherd"" on the cross
  202. 5. Who was the political leader of the group that returned to Israel from Babylon? Who was the high priest?
  203. 6. Note three things that Zechariah predicted about the Messiah.
    1) his relationship w/ ppl of Israel 2)striking of the shepherd 3)mourning of Israel on the one who they have pierced 4) Lord's dramatic return to the Mt. of Olives
  204. MALACHI:
  205. "1. This prophet accused his generation of failing to obey God’s Law about divorce
    of failing to give God the offerings he specified
  206. 2. Where would you find the prediction that Elijah will come call the people to repentance before the coming of the Day of the Lord &the arrival of Messiah?
  207. "3. This book takes the form of charges leveled by God against the people
    followed by their denial of the charges &then God’s presentation of evidence to support the charges."
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OT SURVEY Final - Curtis(2).csv
Curtis Final v.2