1. what are bryophytes?
    •Primitive plants

    •Reproduce by spores

    •Alternation of generations

    •Most have stems and leaves

    •Lack vascular tissue

    •Lack root system
  2. what are the substrate tolerance for bryophytes?
    rock, wood and soil
  3. what are the types of growth forms for bryophytes?
    • turf
    • cushion- stems packed together conserve H20
    • mat- grows on rotting logs
    • weft- starts growing straight then curving
    • fan- grows on tree trunks, (tropical region)
    • dendroids- look like trees
  4. what is apocarp?
    means upright growth
  5. what is pleurocarp?
    means relaxed growth
  6. what is the protonema?
    thread-like chain of cells that forms the earliest stage of a bryophyte life cycle
  7. what is a rhizoid?
    structure in plants, fungi and some other organisms that functions like a root in support or absorption
  8. leaf types
    • cell shapes
    • alar cells
    • costa
    • margin
    • awn
  9. what are the reproductive features?
    Image Upload 1
  10. reproduction in bryophytes involve....
    sexual and asexual stages
  11. vegatative reproduction include..

    brood bodies

  12. Image Upload 2
    broom moss
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    common fern moss
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    common haircap moss
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    common liverwort
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    cord moss
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    flat forked moss
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    peat moss
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    plume moss
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    purple fringed riccia
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    rock orchard moss
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    silvery pincushion moss
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    silvery thread moss
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  25. Image Upload 15
    toothed mnium
  26. Image Upload 16
    tree moss
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