Which of the following most accurately describes an organism that causes infection and disease?
Which classification of organisms is responsible for the disease malaria?
Which stage of infection is the period of time between the invasion of the infectious agent into the body and the onset of symptoms of the particular disease?
The mucous membranes filters and traps foreign bodies through
Which of the following is not a type of transmission-based precaution
Which transmission-based precaution must have monitored, negative air pressure?
What is the most serious type of meningitis?
One of the most common and serious complications a female may dvelop form gonorrhea is
B. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Which medical term refers to practices designed to eliminate all micro-organisms?
A. Surgical asepsis
Which substance is used to inhibit the growth and development of microorganisms on living tissue?
What type of isolation are patients highly susceptible to infection placed in?
What procedures are followed when transporting an infectious patient to the radiology department?
B. Give the patient a gown, mask, and gloves to wear before transport.
An acceptable alternative to an anteroom for an isolation unit is
A. an isolation cart
When using a mask in an isolation unit, put the mask on
B. before entering, and take it off before leaving.
What is the first step in preparing objects for sterilization
How long is an item immersed in the sterilant during the sterilization cycle of a peracetic acid sterilizer?
D. 12 minutes
Which is not a commonly used disinfecting agent?
A. Hydrochloric acid
How often do you clean and inspect steam sterilizers?
D. daily and weekly
Diagnostic tests should be run on a peracetic acid sterilizer every
A. 24 hours
How often should biological testing be conducted and documented for hydrogen peroxide plasma sterilizers
B. at least once per day
Which basic human need category is rest included in?
Which vitamins are necessary for the production of red blood cells?
C. B-complex vitamins
What substance is necessary for hemoglobin synthesis?
Plasma lipids include what three substances?
A. Triglycerides, phospholipids, and cholesterol
What two actions are included in the physiological need of rest?
A. Pain free and rest
What reflex is displayed when an infant reacts to a sudden noise or movement by extending and retracting the arms and legs?
A toddler is expected to weigh four times the birth weight at age:
B. 24 months
Which of the following is most likely to be a part of a work site wellness program?
C. Blood pressure screenings
What substance does the body need in order to absorb vitamin B12?
B. Intrinsic factor
B12 deficiency are first noted by :
B. Pernicious anemia
Vitamin B6 concentration in food sources is lost through:
Large doses of Vitamin C cause all of the following except:
Vitamin D interacts with all of the following except:
A primary sign of a vitamin E overdose is readily seen through the disease process of:
A. Prolonged clotting times
Vitamin K is not used to treat which of the following ailments?
B. Heparin Overdose
Which of the following vitamins is not fat soluble?
C. Vitamin C
Signs of sodium chloride deficiency can be seen:
D. Through an excessive amount of fluid loss
Half-normal saline solution is represented by:
Potassium helps to maintain:
A. Heartbeat Regulation
Caution must be taken when administering potassium to individuals with all of the following except:
Oral Iron supplements should not be taken with:
B. Tea, Milk, or Coffee
Which route is injectable iron administered?
A. Intra Muscular
When larger molecules are constructed from smaller molecules, this is known as:
Cellular Metabolism is controlled by a specific kind of:
Electrolytes that release ions in water are called:
When excessive amount of fats are metabolized, it can be noted by:
B. acetone in the breath and urine
Which of the following is an accurate definition of leukocytes:
B. Protect against disease at the cellular level.
The two main categories of leukocytes are:
B. granulocytes and agranulocytes
Neutrophils are also known as:
D. Polymorphonuclear lymphocytes
The life span of lymphocytes is
What cells do lymph nodes contain in large number to fight invading microorganisms?
D. lymphocytes and macrophages
When a child scrapes his or her hands and infection results, which lymph nodes will become enlarged?
Children who recieve routine childhood immunizations are protected by
C. artificially acquired active immunity
The body's first step in the healing process is:
During which stage of healing are immature fiber cells and capillaries formed?
The fibrous structural protein collagen is found in all connective tissue during which stage of healing?
Full maturation of a wound is evident when
A. the scaring is white and glossy
For many patients who suffer form severe injuries or medical conditions, their first psychological reaction is?
D. shock and disorientation
What electrolyte deficit or excess can cause dysrythmias, leading to cardiac or respiratory arrest?
What acid-base imbalance is likely to occur when a patient has excessive vomiting, excessive suctioning, or ingested too many antacids?
A. Metabolic alkalosis
Which acid-base imbalance is caused by hyperventilating?
C. Respiratory alkalosis
Deficiency in respirations such as slow or irregualr shallow respirations can lead to an excessive accumulation of carbon dioxide in the blood which results in a condition called:
C. Respiratory acidosis
To avoid infections, you should change a patient's hyperlimentation solution bag and tubing daily and not allow the container to hang longer than:
D. 8 hours
When selecting an intravenous(IV) solution, what size IV bags in cubic cnetimeters(cc) would you possibly be able to select from?
B. 100 to 2000 cc
Normally, how high above patients should you hang an intravenous(IV) solution bag?
B. 24 to 36 inches
If a patient exhibits a mild allergic response to an intravenous(IV) solution, what should you do?
A. slow the infusion
How much fecal material should you collect to send to the laboratory for a stool specimen?
B. 2 tablespoons
After obtaining a blood sample, instruct the patient to maintain pressure over the venipuncture site for:
B. 2 to 3 minutes
During a skin puncture, why is the first drop of blood wiped away?
A. It contains epithelial cells, which may interfere with test results
What step should you take before operating a glucose meter?
D. Read the operating instructions
The normal fasting blood glucose level in milligrams/deciliter (mg/dl) is?
B. 70 to 115 mg/dl
In the subjective information section of the paperwork, it is important to identify the patient's:
A. complaint of a headache
A proctoscopy is an inspection of the:
What position would you normally place a patient in for a sigmoidoscopy?
When educating the patient with psuedofolliculitis barbae(PFB) on proper shaving methods, you should instruct the patient to avoid all of the following except shaving:
D. in the direction of hair growth
How do you measure the visual field?
C. Determine degrees away from fixation
When asking the patient if he or she wears glasses, contact lenses or if he or she has ever had eye problems prior to conducting an Optec 2300 Vision Tester exam, the patients response will determine:
C. sequence of test performance
How many test slides are included in the standard test category of the Optec 2300 Vision Tester(OVT)?
How many inches from the test plate must the examinee be sitting for the psuedoisochromatic plate set(PIP) test?
When performing a pulmonary function test on a patient, according to Air Force standards, abnormal functions are present if the predicted forced expiratory volume at 1 second(FEV1)or forced vital capacity(FVC) percentage is less than:
During pulmonary function testing, the minimum number of practice attempts and acceptable tracings an examinee must perform are:
Where does the electrical stimulation of the heart muscle initiate?
D. Sinoatrial node
Where is the Purkinje fiber network the most elaborate?
A. left ventricle
Any artificial products or features which appear on an electrocardiogram tracing are called:
If you are performing an electrocardiogram on someone who is rated, a copy of that electrocardiogram must be sent to the:
C. US Air Force Central Electrocardiographic Library
For orthostatic vital sign measurments, what is the correct sequence to take the blood pressure and pulse;and what is the correct time interval between readings?
A. Lying, sitting, standing;3 minutes
Notify the nurse or physician immediately if the patient's oxygen saturation falls below:
When checking the eyes during a nuerological exam, the pupils should:
A. constrict quickly and simultaneously
When can the minor surgery procedure begin?
D. after the consent form is signed
When cleaning a two inch laceration on a healthy active duty male's right forearm, you notice some foreign material in the wound, what would be the next step?
B. flush the wound
After you have applied a topical anesthetic to a wound that requires treatment, what should you do next?
A. assess sensory awareness
In the Air Force, how often should you check emergency equipment and supplies in the crash ambulance?
How much vacuum must suction units provide when the tube is clamped?
B. 300 mmHg
Which emergency response refers to and emergency, responding with lights and sirens on?
C. code 3;hot
When transmitting information about a patient over the radio, what information should not be broadcast?
In the Air Force, you can use lights and sirens on an ambulance call only:
A. when local protocol authorizes it
The action of assessing the scene of an accident to provide valuable information to the EMT is called:
A. scene sizeup
If the patient is not alert and his or her breathing is slower than 8 breaths per minute, provide:
C. ventilations with a BVM and high flow oxygen
A rapid trauma assessment is performed on a patient with:
A. a significant MOI, and focuses on the are of the body where the greatest threats to the patient are
When you ask a medical patient what may have triggered his or her pain, you are questioning about:
While gathering a history of illness, when you ask a medical patient if the pain is constant or intermittent, what are you trying to determine?
When preparing to unload a patient from an ambulance, what should you do first?
D. ensure all straps are secured on the patient
If you see clear fluid running out of the ears, you should:
D. not block the fluid from draining
While examining a patient that fell from a ladder, you notice a bruise behind the ear, what injury should you suspect?
B. basal skull fracture
Which acronym is used by EMT's in the field to describe a possible fracture?
C. Painful, swollen deformity(PSD)
While working in the emergency room, a patient comes in and states that he has splashed a chemical in his eye, what should you determine first?
A. If the patient is wearing contacts and which type
In what anatomical location is the pacemaker lead inserted when using a temporary external pulse generator system?
C. right atrium
When setting up a cardiac monitor, the legal document you should pay particular attention to and fix if it is not correct is?