American Government Final

  1. voters choose the party's candidate in this election
  2. voters choose which candidate will win the office being sought in this election
  3. a meeting of the party members held to select delegates to the national convention
  4. What are four characteristics of defining a political party?
    • they run candidates under their own label, or affiliation
    • they seek to govern
    • they have broad concerns, focused on many issues
    • they are quasi-public organizations that have a special relationship with the government
  5. How are Republicans today different from the traditional Republicans?
    • Traditional Republicans advocated smaller governmental role in social welfare
    • Republicans today advocate stronger governmnent with traditional moral values
  6. the situation that exists when Congress is controlled by one party and the presidency by the other
    divided government
  7. a shift in party allegiances or electoral support
  8. the practice od rewarding political supporters with jobs
    spoils system
  9. system in which a party leader rewarded political supporters with jobs or governmental
  10. a group of like-minded individuals for the purpose of promoting an issue
    interest group
  11. What all do campaigns do?
    • promote their issues
    • raise money
    • recruit canadiates
    • develop the issues
    • conduct the primary
    • turnout on Election Day
  12. the situation in which fewer voters support the two major political parties, instead identifying themselves as independent, or splitting their ticket between canididates from more than one party
  13. voting on a constitutional amendment, local sales tax, basically on an issue; none in Georgia
  14. a issue generated by the citizens; none in Georgia
  15. What determines newsworthiness?
    framing & agenda-setting
  16. Discuss the Fairness Doctorine.
    • passed in the 1960's to get news to cover both sides of news
    • Reagan repealed it , fueling the talk radio circuit
  17. The largest newspaper in circulation
    Wall Street Journal
  18. a phenomeonon that helps incumbents; if you have to choose between a familiar but unpleasant situation and an unfamiliar situation, choose the familiar one because the unfamiliar situation may turn out to be worse
    risk aversion
  19. the phenomenon where candidates running for a lower-level office such as city council benefit in an election from the popularity of a top-of-ticket nominee
    coattail effect
  20. the ides that Internet traffic should flow without interference or discrimination by those who own or run the Internet pipeline
    web neutrality
  21. the practice of aiming media content at specific segments of the public
  22. the determination of what will go on the news for your certain time slot, showing bias
  23. What is the difference between media and journalism?
    • A journalist engages in newsgathering and subsequently newsreporting for financial gain
    • the media entertains us
  24. what is the difference between a political party and an interest group?
    • A political party is an organization of ideologically similar people that nominates and elects its members to office
    • An interest group works to promote an issue and can become a political party
  25. What are the fundamental aspects of civic engagement?
    • elections
    • campaigning
    • voting
  26. What are the fundamental aspects of political participation?
    • voting
    • volunteering for campaigns
    • running for office
  27. Why have levels of political participation decreased?
    because the levels of social capital have decreased
  28. The day in early March where the most primaries are held; many in the South
    Super Tuesday
  29. Describe how a runoff works.
    If no candidate receives more than 50% of a vote, then several of the top vote-getters run in another subsewuent election
  30. Citizens can directly decide on policy questions how?
    • refrendums
    • initiatives
  31. proposed by the state legislature; state bond issues, state constitutional amendments, etc.
  32. citizen-sponsored; typically propelled to public vote through efforts of citizens and interest groups
  33. How does a proposition work and what is it?
    An initative where 10% of voters from the previous election must sign a petition for the proposition to be placed on the ballot
  34. a ballot that organizes candidates by political party
    party-column ballot
  35. a ballot that arranges all candidates for a particular office under the name of that office
    office-block ballot
  36. What are some of the drawbacks of voting by mail?
    • people do not consider all the facts of the candidates before they cast their ballot
    • increases the chances of voter fraud
    • eliminates privacy
    • undermines feelings of civic engagement by eliminating a source of psychological rewards of voters
  37. What are reasons to run for a political office?
    • sense of responsibility
    • sense of party loyalty
    • personal goals
    • interest in increasing candidates name recognition (often for business reasons)
  38. What are the most important factors when considering voter turnout?
    • education
    • age
    • race
    • income
    • party competiveness
  39. What are the main functions of the media?
    • provide political information
    • help us interpret events and policies and are influential in setting the national policy agenda
    • provide a forum for political conversations
    • socialize children to the political culture
  40. the process by which the media set a context that helps consumers understand important events and matters of shared interest
  41. the public issues that must demand the attention of government officials
    public agenda
  42. bringing certain policies on issues to the public agenda through media coverage
  43. irresponsible, sensationalist approach to news reporting
    yellow journalism
  44. criticism and exposes of corruption in government and industry by journalists at the turn of the 20th century
  45. What was the first electronic medium and who was the first president to make use of it?
    Radio; Franklin D. Roosevelt
  46. the sharing of viewpoints and the articulation of personal positions on public issues
    civic discourse
  47. the breaking down of the media according to the specific audiences they target (ex. BET, Spike TV, HGTV, etc.)
    media segmentation
  48. one who simultaneously consume info and news and produce information in forms like video, blogs, and websites
Card Set
American Government Final
American Government