Pleasure focused on the bowel and bladder elimination; coping with the demands of control
Anal retentive-you try to control everything
Pleasure zine if the genitals; coping with incestuous sexual feelings
son wants to take dad's place with mom
Daughter wants to take mom's place with dad
The Oedipus/Electra complex both come from Eros
dormant sexual feelings
(puberty on )
Maturation of sexual interests
phychoanalytic theory, the ego's protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality
unconsciously pushing threatening memories, urges or ideas from conscience awareness: A person may experience loss of memory for unpleasant events
Attempts to make actions or mistakes seem reasonable: The reason or excuse given (e.g., "I spank my children because it is good for them." sounds rational, but they are not the real reasons for the behavior
Unconsciously attributing one's own unacceptable thoughts or impulses to another person: Instead of recognizing that "I hate him." a person may feel that "He hates me."
Defending against unacceptable impulses by action opposite to them: Sexual interest in a married friend might appear as strong dislike instead.
Converting unacceptable impulses into socially acceptable action and perhaps symbolically experssing them: Sexual or aggressive desires may appear as artisiic creativity or devotion to athletic excellence.
Deflecting an impulse from its original target to a less threatening one: Anger at one's boss may be expressed through hostility toward a clerk, a family member or even the dog
Simply discounting the existance of threatening impulses: A person may vehemently deny ever having had even the slightest degree of physical attraction to a person of the same sex.
Striving to make up for inconscious impulses or fears: A business executive's extreme competitiveness might be aimed at compensating for unconscious feelings of inferiority
characteristic pattern of behavior
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
Great man theory
divine rights som of think we are better than others
the beliefs in the sense of self that is created by what we think
social anxiety disorder
low self esteem
reject significant portions of the self
40% of people think they are shy
Blame problems on anything other than our lack of ability
Represents the basic drive to survive, reproduce and be aggressive
Freud called this the pleasure principal
Wants immediate gratification
Has childlike and creative qualities
Can be a tyrant
Devil in the movie
Ex: Take a kid to the store, they see someithing they want, you don't give it to them and they pitch a fit.
Personality executor/manager of the three personality styles
Deals with the reality of the situation
Seeks gratification in more realistic ways
Rational and objective
Develops around 4-5 years of age
Voice of conscience
Uses wourds like "ought" and "should"
2 Reasons for humanism
1. Discontented with Freud's negative perspectives
2. Humanistic people were bored with trait and behavioral learning theories