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What is a tort?
Consists of a failure to fulfill a private obligation that was imposed by law.
What is a tortfeasor?
A person who has committed a tort.
What are the 3 types of torts?
1. Intentional tort
2. Negligence tort
3. Strict liability tort
When do intentional torts occur?
When someone intentionally acts in a certain way.
When do negligence torts occur?
When a person acts carelessly.
When do strict liability torts occur?
When a person does something wrong without intending to do so and without acting carelessly.
What is liability insurance?
A contract in which an insurance company agrees, in exchange for a price, to pay damages on behalf of a person who incurs liability.
What is vicarious liability?
When an employer is held liable for a tort that was committed by an employee.
What remedies are available in tort?
What are compensatory damages?
Defendant is required to pay for the losses that it caused the plaintiff to suffer.
In tort, plaintiff back to position the party enjoyed before tort occurred.
In contract, plaintiff back to position that the party expected to enjoy after contract was preformed.
What is remoteness?
A loss is remote if it would be unfair to hold the defendant responsible for it.
What is mitigation?
When the plaintiff takes steps to minimize the losses that result from the defendant's tort.
Rat bite example.
What are punitive damages?
Intended to punish the defendant.
What are nominal damages?
Symbolically recognize that the defendant commited a tort even though the plaintiff did not suffer any loss.
Neighbor going into your yard for a ball...
What is an injuction?
A court order that requires the defendant to do something or refrain from doing something.