Water use- temporary "borrowing" of water (irrigation/thermoelectric/public supply)
Consumption- actual water loss to a process or evaporation (irrigation/transpiration)
What is a water footprint?
The total volume of freshwater used to produce a particular set of goods/services
What are the four sources of water pollution?
1. Stormwater runoff
2. Sewage- septic systems and sewage treatment plants
3. Industrial pollution
4. Agricultural pollution
What does agriculture do to the environment?
soil erosion, fertilizer/pesticide pollution, deforestation, desertification, aquifer depletion, salinization, loss of biodiversity
What is the difference between food access, food availability, and food utilization?
Food Availability - Within Reach; sufficient quantities of necessary types of food are available
Food Access - Purchasing Power; individuals have adequate incomes or other resources to purchase or barter to obtain food
Food Utilization - Nutrition; food is properly used; proper food processing and storage techniques are employed; adequate knowledge of nutrition and childcare techniques exists and is applied; and adequate health and sanitation services exist
3. Consumption- agriculture, industry, landscaping, drinking supply, land use (development in arid regions)
What does human activity do to the marine environment?
marine habitats/fisheries, wastewater discharge, offshore oil/gas, recreation, habitat destruction, water contamination, erosion, resource depletion, cultural degradation, poverty
What is the California Ocean Protection Act?
It is an act that implements "integrated ecosystem management"; 6 focus areas: governance, research/monitoring, coastal water quality, physical processes, coastal ecosystems, education and outreach
It is important to economy and in leading the nation in marine protection
What is the West Coast Governor's Agreement?
It is a collaboration between Washington, Oregon, and California for ocean health which launched a new, proactive regional collaboration to protect and manage the ocean and coastal resources along the entire West Coast; priority areas: a) clean waters and beaches; b) healthy ocean & coastal habitats; c) ecosystem-based management; d) offshore development; e) ocean literacy; f) ocean science; and g) sustainable economic development
What is the Marine Life Protection Act?
It uses the best readily available science, involves stakeholders and public, sets up a master plan for comprehensive system of MPAs; involves Blue Ribbon Task Force, Science Advisory Team, regional stakeholders group, statewide interest groups, and CA Dept of Fish and Game
What is the purpose of MPAs?
* Prevent further decline of fisheries; increase fish abundance and size
* Protect marine ecosystems from coastal development impacts