Literary Terms

  1. Blank Verse
    • lines of not rhyming words in iambic pentameter
    • But soft what light through yonder window breaks
  2. Folio
    • Printer's paper folded to print on four sides
    • Heminge and Condell published the 1st folio with 36 plays
  3. Quarto
    • piece of printers paper folded to print on 8 sides
    • Gutenburg is believed to be the 1st to print in the quarto format
  4. Soliloquy
    • When an actor talks to the audience to allow them hear what they are thinking
    • Before Juliet drinks the potion she has a soliloquy about the possible outcomes
  5. Aside
    • a brief speech to the audience that the other characters are presumed not to hear
    • In the balcony scene Romeo asks himself if he should wait and hear more of what Juliet has to say or talk
  6. Dramatic Irony
    • situation where the audience knows something that a character doesn't
    • Romeo doesn't know Juliet will wake up but the audience does
  7. Tragedy
    • serious play where the main character passes through misfortunes that lead to a final catastrophe
    • Romeo and Juliet
  8. Dramatic Foil
    • a character that accentuates another characters opposite personality
    • Mercutio to Romeo because he doesn't believe in romance just a physical act
  9. Epic Poem
    • a long narrative poem
    • The Odyssey
  10. Epic Hero
    • a figure from history or a legend and is usually favored by gods
    • Odysseus
  11. Allusion
    • reference to something else in life (story, art, event)
    • In Blues Ain't No Mocking Bird Cathy make an allusion to Goldilocks
  12. Epithet
    • A phrase or word that makes the reader see things in a clearer view
    • Odysseus, son of Laertes
  13. Plot
    • main events in a play, story or movie
    • In Romeo and Juliet it's the tragic death of two lovers
  14. Imagery
    • language that is visually descriptive to the reader
    • The bright red fire truck roared by with its squealing sirens.
  15. Tone
    • the attitude a writer takes towards a subject or character
    • The tone that the president gave his speech in made the whole country feel worried.
  16. Point of View
    • the narrators position in relationship to the story
    • The Scarlet Ibis is told from the older brothers point of view.
  17. Exposition
    • the part of a work where the background information is told
    • The exposition of the Red-Headed League is when the client is telling Holmes about his problem
  18. Conflict
    • the problem between the protagonist and the antagonist
    • The conflict between Odysseus and the Cyclops is that they went into the Cyclops' cave and ate and drank.
  19. Climax
    • the height of action in a story and also the part where the story turns into falling action
    • the climax in Romeo and Juliet is the fight between Romeo, Mercutio and Tybalt resulting in Romeo's banishment
  20. Resolution
    • the end of the story where the solution is revealed and everything is tied up
    • in Romeo and Juliet after the two died the families ended their feud
  21. Idiom
    • a phrase that cannot be directly translated word for word
    • "It's raining cats and dogs"
  22. Inference
    • a logical explanation resulting from evidence
    • Sherlock Holmes makes an inference which leads to the thieves being captured
  23. Exagerration
    • figure of speech where the truth is embellished for effect
    • Paul Bunyon could clear a forest with one swing of his ax
  24. Symbol
    • something that represents or stands for something
    • the symbol for Catholic Central is the interlocking C's
  25. Setting
    • where the literary work takes place
    • The setting for Romeo and Juliet is Verona.
  26. Theme
    • the main idea, moral, or message of a work
    • Romeo and Juliet has many themes like fate or free will
  27. Mood
    • the atmosphere or tone of the literary work
    • The mood in the late parts of Romeo and Juliet is sad and depressing,
  28. Character
    • a person in a literary work
    • Romeo
  29. 1st person
    • a story narrated by one person talking about themselves with I or me
    • The Scarlet Ibis
  30. 3rd person
    • can report on all characters with he, she, it but never comments
    • Pride and Prejudice
  31. 3rd person omniscient
    • the narrator can see what all characters are doing and thinking and knows what is happening all around
    • The Most Dangerous Game
  32. Situational Irony
    • contrast to what is expected and what actually happens
    • if you throw a bomb and it just lands normally
  33. Verbal Irony
    • contrast to what is said and what is meant
    • Men will tell their wives that the dress doesn't make them look fat when it really does
  34. Homeric Simile
    • detailed comparison in the form of a simile that extends many lines
    • Odysseus uses a Homeric simile when comparing a ship drill to how they killed the Cyclops.
Card Set
Literary Terms