American Nation I

  1. Plantation Act
    (1740) passed by Parliament to encourage foreign migration. live in colonies for 7 years. pledge loyalty to King of Eng. join Protestant church. pay 2 schilling tax. would get Eng. citizenship.
  2. William Pitt
    (second half of 1700's) new PM in GB. made new strategy in war. tells Indians they will set up border live w/ troops to protect line for Indians to have land. said don't just attack French in Ohio River Valley. attack them everywhere. raised large numbers of troops to spread the French thin. British troops and colonists. recurited Indian allies
  3. Proclamation Line
    (1763) Eng. settlers can't cross Appalacian Mts. b/c that is protected English land for the Indians. confused settlers b/c the whole purpose in the war was for the Eng. settlers to get to have more land
  4. The Stamp Act
    (1765) tax on colonial official papers. not a big tax. passed to pay for troops for GB. newspaper, court documents, licenses. the colonists boycotted by elaborate speaches. large population boycotts ran by the Whigs (vigilanty style) called the 'Sons of Liberty' ran by Sam Adams. local collectors got 8%. Sons of Liberty hung an effigy of stamp collector, Andrew Oliver, burned down collector bldg., when to Oliver's front porch, decapitated the effigy, and burned it. In Boston. Oliver resigned. no replacement. Daughters of Liberty boycotted all British goods. Brits pull back taxes b/c they weren't working. they do leave the tax on tea just to prove they do have the power to tax
  5. First Continental Congress
    (1774) was a response to the Coercive Acts. everybody sent delegates except GA. urged 1st CC to boycott english goods. 1st time majority of colonies come together to agree on something
  6. Federalists
    (1700's) believe in Democracy. men w/ enough land should vote, but the elites should rule and not have to answer to the common ppl on everything. more federalists than anti-federalists
  7. Anti-Federalists
    (1700's) believe in Democracy. thought the elites who rule should have to answer to all ppl. less anti-feds than feds. this group became the democratic republicans. then the Jeffersonian Republicans. Thomas Jefferson became 1st Anti-federalist president in 1800. wanted small government
  8. 3/5 compromise
    (1700's) compromise stating that for the purpose of a representative gov't, instead of counting blacks as citizens for voting purposes, for every 5 blacks, only 3 will be counted. this made some mad b/c the south had more blacks than the north.
  9. John Allen
    Yeomen farmer. parents came from Penn. to NC. when John became of age, he ingerited land his father bought b/f the family came and he died. Married Rachel Stout in 1782. built log cabin (1 room w/ loft, only front door and back door) in the house lived John, Rachel, and their 10 kids. slept on beds of corn husks. one of the nicer houses around. grew wheat, corn, oats, raised livestock, behives, owned a wagon. John was also a carpenter, school teacher, and ran the county store off of front porch. died in 1826.
  10. Rachel Stout Allen
    from Penn. married John Allen in 1782. Yeomen family. lived in two story, 1 room w/ loft cabin w/ one front and one back door. gave birth to 12 children. cooked, sew, spinning, mending, veg. garden, herb garden (made meds from this), midwife. economically, just as important to the family as John. after John died in 1826, Rachel moved among her kids families until she died in 1840.
  11. Louisiana Purchase
    (1803) Jefferson bought Louisiana Territory from France (who got it from Spain) even though federal government can not buy land, only states can. greatly inhabitied by Indians. Jefferson wanted to use the land to turn the country, including blacks and Indians, into Yeomen
  12. Battle of New Orleans
    (1815) US sends Andrew Jackson to New Orleans to fight Brit army. more brits but brit commander had little common sense. Brit marched in line formation up to American camp. America destroyed them. Turns out war was already over in Dec. 1814.
  13. Log Cabin Campaign
    (1840) Whigs really wanted someone in the White House, chose William Henery Harrison (military victor {Tippecanoe} from Indiana, tried to sell him as rustic frontiersman, his two symbols were log cabin and hard cider). election campaigns were more like parties.
  14. Worchester v. Georgia
    (1832) Cherokee take GA to supreme ct. petetioning that they are their own gov't and therefore are not subject to GA gov't and so can not be forced to leave. They win.
  15. Indian Removal Act
    (1830) GA tries to pass and act that would force all Indians to leave GA, but they take it to the supreme court and win. don't have to leave.
  16. Louis Hughes
    (1800's) 11yo bought in VA for $380 from his mother. Mr. Edward McGhee's Mississippi plantation. as a gift for Mrs. McGhee for house chores. beaten by her for no reason. worked fields during harvest time. tried to run away @ 20yo. de-clothed and whipped for 2 hours
  17. Nat Turner
    (1800's) enslaved preacher led 70 slaves to 48 hour rebellion (Turner's Rebellion) killing may whites including women and children. their message came from the Bible. white ppl became afraid and began whipping all slaves they could get their hands on and killed some as a warning
  18. Harried Jacobs
    (Born: 1813) 1st woman to write slave narrative. born in NC. 1st owner taught her to read and write. house servant to Norcom. He pursued her for years, but wanted her to succumb to him. Sawyer (30 yo lawyer) says he's worried about Harriet. they had an affair. she had a son w/ him, also owned by Norcom. had another child w/ Sawyer, he wanted to buy them, Norcom said 'no' and threatened to send them to an awful plantation. Harriet runs away and Sawyer buys the children and sends them to Harriet's free grandma's house where she was hiding for several years in the tiny attic.
  19. Oregon Trail
    1st migrants were Indians to the far west, then white settlers. only the heartiest settlers make it all the way to the west coast. Oregon territory owned by US and GB. 7 mo long trip from Independence, MO. 15 mile/day in wagon. harsh, had to go through Sierra Nevada and Rockys. 6% died on trail. almost 19,000 ppl travel this trail.
  20. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    (1848) Mex. forced to agree to US conditions for boundaries. US given Calif., Nev., Utah, Ariz., New Mex. US was supposed to enforce Mexican land ownership in these states and let them become US citizens. 1 mo after treaty signed, gold found in Calif.
  21. William Lloyd Garrison
    (1800's) published newspaper encouraging emancipation. believed in racial equality. northern white. 'Immediate emancipation w/ compensation' 1300 anti slavery groups by 1837.
  22. State v. Mann
    (1829) Elizabeth Jones rented out her slave girl, Lydia, for 1 year to John Mann Known for being cruel). beat Lydia, she ran away from him, he shoots her, injurs her. Jones could have sued Mann for Property Damages, but Jones wanted him convicted of assult. took it to state court and got the decision reversed.
  23. Drapetomania
    (1800's) compulsion to run away. whites felt that the slave holders are doning society a favor by taking care of the mentally ill and giving them a place to be by enslaving them instead of letting them just run loose.
  24. Missouri Compromise
    • (mid 1800's) 66,000 pop. when they wanted to become a state. Rep. from MY wanted to make amendment that no new slaves and slaves born in MO would be free on their 25th b-day. b/c northern ppl were mad about slave states having so much control b/c of 3/5 law. so they admited MO as slave state w/o restrictions, but we will also admit ME as a free state. Also, for the rest of the territory in the west, they would go by the 36' 30' N line and all states south would be slave, all N would be free. nobody liked it. after gaining territory in the Mexico war, there were arguements about what to do reguarding the land:
    • - Wilmont Proviso: leave them free like they already are
    • - John C. Calhoun: slave b/c it is under the line
    • -3rd idea: let the ppl there decide
  25. Kansas-Nebraska Act
    (1854) Congress opens Kan./Neb. Act (should have been free under MO comp. but it was all unraveling). opening them up to pop. sov., letting them choose to be free or slave. ppl flood into Kan. to influence the vote. Very violent. 1854 was called 'bleeding Kansas'. the choice btwn slavery and freedom broke down civility. one SC congressman beat a Mass senator in DC over a speech he gave on Capital Hill.
  26. Ft. Sumter
    (1861) union military fort in conf. SC. ran out of supplies. lincoln was about to send some. Conf. fires on them and they have to surrender. war ensues
  27. Draft Riots
    (1863) happened in NY when 1st group of names drawn. everything shuts down as mob of men take control of the city. end up fighting over pay wage and ethnicity. blacks start getting killed b/c whites mad that they are fighting war to free them and the blacks would probably take their jobs
  28. Anaconda Plan
    (1860's) union/ surround and choke the south. planned blockaide at naval ports on e. coast, then work their way around towards MO.
  29. Abraham Galloway
    (1860's) born slave. son of 17 yo slave mother and wealthy slave owner. ran away to canada. became abolisonist. when war begins, sneaks back to NC to be union spy, helped capture NC waterways (1862). (1863) union begins to recruit for runaway slaves. union officer wants to meet w/ him. meets @ midnight @ bldg. in Beauford NC. when the officer gets there it is dark, lights a candle and holds a gun to officer's head w/ 100 black men surrounding to 'negotiate' war cause.
  30. Military Reconstruction Act
    (1867) after the Cong. impeaches Pres and takes over, they pass several acts. the 1st being this. conf. states had to re-apply to become states.
  31. 14th Amendment
    'all men had equal protection under law' had to be ratified. freedom from slavery. blacks had to be allowed to vote, high ranking conf. military couldn't vote, us army had to move in to help w/ vote. SC gets majority black Leg. LA has 1st black gov. 41st and 42nd Cong. had black Rep. Miss had 1st black Senators.
  32. 15th Amendment
    can't deny anyone right to vote based on race
Card Set
American Nation I
Exam II